White paper (n): An authoritative report or guide that often addresses issues and how to solve them. White papers are often used to educate readers and help people make decisions.
Ebook (n): Simply, a book published electronically, designed to be downloaded and either read on a screen or printed.
Mostly, the differences between a white paper and an ebook are in style and tone.
A white paper (sometimes called a research report, summary, or technical brief) plays it straight. It is usually a topical report focused on a single central issue—for example, an emerging trend. White papers tend to be longish (10 to 12 pages) and geared to a technically specific audience—and B2B companies love them.
Ebooks—like Kadient's Dive Deeper into Your Sales Metrics: Four Ways to Discover Hidden Sales Treasure (see Chapter 23) are looser, more playful, and wholly more novel (no pun intended). An ebook might be just as long as a white paper—or longer—but with an engaging theme, appealing design, and layout dominated by bold text treatments and callouts.
Jonathan Kranz, author of Writing Copy for Dummies (John Wiley & Sons, 2004) and owner of the Boston-based Kranz Communications, puts it this way: "I think of white papers as the man in the gray flannel suit: an official who wants to establish authority by demonstrating what he knows in a formal, even pedantic manner." The ebook, meanwhile, "is the colleague ...