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Contemporary Ethical Issues in Engineering

Book Description

For most professions, a code of ethics exists to promote positive behavior among practitioners in order to enrich others within the field as well as the communities they serve. Similar to the medical, law, and business fields, the engineering discipline also instills a code of ethical conduct. Contemporary Ethical Issues in Engineering highlights a modern approach to the topic of engineering ethics and the current moral dilemmas facing practitioners in the field. Focusing on key issues, theoretical foundations, and the best methods for promoting engineering ethics from the pre-practitioner to the managerial level, this timely publication is ideally designed for use by engineering students, active professionals, and academics, as well as researchers in all disciplines of engineering.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. Foreword
    1. ENGINEERING ETHICS: A BURGEONING ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE
    2. ENGINEERING: AN INTERNATIONAL PROFESSION
    3. ENGINEERING: A GLOBALLY TRANSFORMATIVE POTENTIAL
    4. A VARIETY OF ENGINEERS’ RESPONSES TO THE ETHICAL QUESTIONS
    5. CONTEXTUALIZING THE TEACHING OF ENGINEERING ETHICS
  7. Preface
    1. OBJECTIVES OF THE BOOK
    2. REFERENCES
  8. Acknowledgments
  9. Section 1: Philosophy
    1. Chapter 1: Engineers, Emotions, and Ethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. I. DEFINING EMOTION
      3. II. THE EMOTIONAL LIFE OF A GOOD ENGINEER
      4. III. EMOTIONS AND ENGINEERING ETHICS
      5. IV. PEDAGOGICAL CONCLUSIONS
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 2: Engineering as Normative Practice
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE CONCEPT OF NORMATIVE PRACTICES
      4. ENGINEERING AS A NORMATIVE PRACTICE
      5. TWO CASE STUDIES
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Engineering Ethics in Technological Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES
      4. ETHICAL AND LEGAL DOMAINS
      5. CODES OF ETHICS
      6. CODE OF ETHICS OF ENGINEERS
      7. ETHICAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGICAL DESIGN
      8. ETHICAL CONFLICTS
      9. CASE STUDY
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 4: Engineering Ethics, Global Climate Change, and the Precautionary Principle
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. AN EXPLICATION
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. THE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE
      5. AN OBJECTION CONSIDERED
      6. HARM AND/OR REDUCTION OF QUALITY OF LIFE
      7. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS
      8. THE FURTHER BEARING OF THE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE
      9. HUMANITY’S CARBON BUDGET
      10. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 5: Ethics is Not Enough
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROLOGUE: IN PLACE OF DEFINITION
      4. 1. A HISTORY OF IDEAS IN ENGINEERING ETHICS
      5. 2. ENGINEERING ETHICS: AMERICAN CASES AND ISSUES
      6. 3. ENGINEERING ETHICS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES
      7. 4. THE PERSPECTIVE OF DESIGN RESEARCH
      8. 5. THE GRAND CHALLENGE OF ENGINEERING ETHICS: A POLITICAL THEORY OF ENGINEERING
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 6: Emotional Intelligence
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE: A CRITICAL CONCISE REVIEW
      4. IS EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE SAME AS INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT?
      5. EI AND ENGINEERING
      6. MODELS OF EI
      7. WHAT CAN EI PREDICT?
      8. HANDLING RELATIONSHIPS
      9. IMPACT OF EI SKILLS IN ENGINEERING PROFESSION
      10. ENGINEERING, RISKS, AND EI
      11. IMPACT OF EI IN RISK ASSESSMENT
      12. ENGINEERING DESIGNS AND ENGINEERS’ RESPONSIBILITIES
      13. TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AND ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITY: AN ENGINEERING DILEMMA
      14. REFERENCES
      15. ADDITIONAL READING
      16. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 7: Religious Ethics, General Ethics, and Engineering Ethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SECULAR ETHICS
      4. ERA OF PROFESSIONALIZATION
      5. NEED FOR PROFESSIONAL ETHICS
      6. ACQUIRED MORALITY
      7. ENGINEERING ETHICS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. END NOTES
  10. Section 2: Education
    1. Chapter 8: Ethical Theories and Teaching Engineering Ethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REFERENCES
      4. ADDITIONAL READING
      5. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      6. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 9: Teaching Ethics to Engineering Students in India
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STATE OF THE ART
      4. THE EXPLANATORY GAP
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 10: Engineering Ethics Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ENGINEERING ETHICS
      3. CODE OF ETHICS
      4. ETHICAL EDUCATION IN ENGINEERING PROGRAMMES
      5. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIO-ETHICAL ISSUES
      6. CASE STUDY: MALAYSIAN ENGINEERING STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS SOCIO-ETHICAL ISSUES
      7. STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE SOCIO-ETHICAL EDUCATION IN ENGINEERING PROGRAMME
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 11: Teaching Engineering Ethics in the Classroom
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. REASONS
      5. CONTENTS
      6. METHODOLOGY
      7. PLANNING
      8. PURPOSES
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 12: Integrating Ethics into Engineering Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ETHICS IN ENGINEERING PRACTICE
      4. SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF ENGINEERS
      5. TEACHING ETHICS TO ENGINEERS BY ADAPTING PBL
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 13: Ethics in Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. A GOOD AND USABLE DEFINITION OF “ETHICS”
      3. A DISCUSSION OF THE VALUES FOUND WITHIN THE ASME (AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS) CODE OF ETHICS
      4. CODE OF ETHICS OF ENGINEERS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      7. ENDNOTES
  11. Section 3: Practice/Execution
    1. Chapter 14: Widening the Industrial Competence Base
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AS A CARRIER OF ETHICS
      4. ENGINEERING SYLLABI AS VENUES OF ADOPTING ETHICAL THINKING
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 15: Conflict Resolution and Ethical Decision-Making for Engineering Professionals in Global Organizations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ENGINEERING ETHICS DEFINED
      5. ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING AND CONFLICT
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 16: Software Engineering Ethics Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COMPUTER, INFORMATION, AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING ETHICS
      4. CONTENT AND APPROACHES OF SOFTWARE ENGINEERING ETHICS EDUCATION
      5. CRITICAL PEDAGOGY FOR SOFTWARE ENGINEERS
      6. THE CONDITION CREATED FOR CRITICAL PEDAGOGIES
      7. ETHICAL RELATIONS BETWEEN CRITICAL PEDAGOGY AND CASE STUDY
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. END NOTES
    4. Chapter 17: Ethical Issues for User Involvement in Technological Research Projects
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BIOETHICS
      4. BIOETHICS: RULES AND LEGISLATION
      5. PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. END NOTES
  12. Epilogue
    1. ENGINEERING ETHICS IN THE INTERNATIONAL ARENA
    2. REFERENCES
  13. Afterword
    1. ETHICS, ENGINEERING, AND PUBLIC IMAGINATION
  14. Related References
  15. Compilation of References
  16. About the Contributors