When we look at where we must effect change that reduces resource consumption sharply, three areas stand out. The first is reorienting consumption patterns at all levels of society, including companies, individuals and government. Second is ensuring that the basic needs of all are met, particularly for food, water, shelter and gainful work. And third is shaping the physical environment in which human activity takes place.
Corresponding to these three areas are three core targets for government intervention:
1. Fiscal measures – tax and other financial incentives aimed at reducing resource usage and emissions, encouraging recycling and reuse and encouraging value-adding labour.
2. Land-management practices – land use measures that ...