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Construction Contracting: A Practical Guide to Company Management, 8th Edition by Richard H. Clough, Glenn A. Sears, S. Keoki Sears, Robert O. Segner, Jerald L. Rounds

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Chapter 4Project Design and Contract and Bid Documents for a Project

4.1 Introduction

The discussion in Chapter 1 included a definition and description of “the people involved in a construction project.” This chapter will focus on the evolution and development of the design for a project, and the contract and bid documents that are used by the architect-engineer to communicate the design. As those topics are developed, the roles of some of the people involved—owner, architect-engineer, construction manager, prime contractor, subcontractor, and vendor—will be further discussed in the context of the evolution of the design of a construction project and in terms of the development and use of the contract and bid documents for the project.

4.2 The Architect-Engineer

As was noted in Chapter 1, construction projects are designed by licensed professional designers, architects, and/or engineers. The nature of the project and the preference of the owner determine the division of responsibilities between these two design professionals. As a general rule, building projects are designed by architects or have an architect as the primary designer, and civil, structural, electrical, and mechanical engineering services are provided to the architect by consulting engineers as needed.

Highways, bridges, and heavy construction projects, as well as utility and industrial projects, are typically designed with an engineer as the primary designer, and architectural services are included as may ...

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