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Concept-Oriented Research and Development in Information Technology

Book Description

This book thoroughly analyzes the relationships between concept, technology, and market—which are the main factors in shifting information technology research and development (R&D) to a new approach. It discusses unconventional methods and viewpoints of concept creation, technology innovation, and market cultivation. Featuring contributions from international experts and case studies from IBM and Hitachi, this book is perfect for graduate students in information technology, engineering, technology management, operation research, and business—as well as for R&D researchers, directors, strategists, business managers, and government and industry professionals.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Wiley Series in Systems Engineering and Management
  3. Title page
  4. Copyright page
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface
  7. Contributors
  8. Part I: Introduction
    1. 1: Introduction
      1. 1.1 Factors of Research and Development (R&D) Approaches
      2. 1.2 R&D Approaches
      3. 1.3 Autonomous Decentralized System (ADS) Concept and its R&D
  9. Part II: Concept Creation
    1. Summary
    2. 2: Challenges in Technology Education and System Development in Software Ecosystem Environment
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 Importance of Education
      3. 2.3 Needs Engineering
      4. 2.4 Software Ecosystem
      5. 2.5 Summary and Conclusions
      6. Acknowledgments
    3. 3: Concept-Oriented Research and Development from Social and Cultural Perspectives
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 R&D and Engineering Education
      3. 3.3 R&D and Systems Approach
      4. 3.4 R&D and Social Demand
      5. 3.5 Autonomous Decentralized System (ADS) Requirements
      6. 3.6 Concept Creation and Innovation
      7. 3.7 Conclusions
    4. 4: Roads to Smarter Cities
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 IBM's Strategy
      3. 4.3 Use of Platform in the Deployment Phase
      4. 4.4 Smarter Cities
      5. 4.5 The Future
      6. 4.6 Conclusions
    5. 5: Advancing Knowledge and Evolving Society
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Research and Innovation
      3. 5.3 Innovation and Technology Transfer
      4. 5.4 The CEFRIEL Experience
      5. 5.5 Conclusions
  10. Part III: Fusion of Technologies
    1. 6: Fusion of Technologies
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Hardware–Software Fusion
      3. 6.3 Computing and Communication
      4. 6.4 Virtual and Physical Reality
      5. 6.5 Service-Oriented Architecture
      6. 6.6 Mashup
      7. 6.7 Cloud Computing
      8. 6.8 Concept-Oriented System Development
      9. 6.9 Conclusion
    2. 7: Fusion of Computer and Communication
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Historical Perspective
      3. 7.3 System of Systems
      4. 7.4 Problem Solving
      5. 7.5 Role of Trust
      6. 7.6 Example: ATM Application
      7. 7.7 Conclusions
    3. 8: Future of Railway Signaling and Train Control
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 History of Developments in the Train Control Industry
      3. 8.3 The Current Status of Communication-Based Train Control (CBTC)
      4. 8.4 Future Trends in Train Control Technology
      5. 8.5 Conclusion
    4. 9: Fusion of Control Systems, Computers, and the Real World
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Reseach and Development in The “Chaos Era”
      3. 9.3 Birth and Development of the Computer Control System
      4. 9.4 New ICT System
      5. 9.5 Conclusion and Proposed Future Expansion
      6. Acknowledgments
    5. 10: Fusion of Computer, Communication, and Control Technologies: Needs and Strategies
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Dynamic Systems and Control
      3. 10.3 Computers in Control Systems
      4. 10.4 Networked Control Systems
      5. 10.5 Communications in Robotics
      6. 10.6 Vehicle Applications
      7. 10.7 Cyberphysical Systems
      8. 10.8 National Science Foundation
      9. 10.9 Conclusions
  11. Part IV: Glocalization
    1. 11: Glocalization of the Market
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 The Term Glocalization
      3. 11.3 Concept Creation
      4. 11.4 Fusion of Technologies
      5. 11.5 Market Glocalization
      6. 11.6 Conclusion
    2. 12: Thinking Globally, Acting Locally and Thinking Locally, Acting Globally
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Transformation Framework
      3. 12.3 Value-Based Culture
      4. 12.4 Collaborative Innovation
      5. 12.5 A Smarter Planet: Collaboration and the Future of Work
      6. 12.6 Conclusion
    3. 13: Glocalization: Market Cultivation and the Future of Standards
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Innovation
      3. 13.3 Standards
      4. 13.4 Market Ecosystem
      5. 13.5 Approaches to Developing Standards
      6. 13.6 Globalization
      7. 13.7 Glocalization
      8. 13.8 Successful Standards
      9. 13.9 Future of Standards
      10. 13.10 Smart Energy Grids
      11. 13.11 Conclusion
    4. 14: Smart Urban Infrastructure as an Enabler of the Integration of Resident-Oriented Services
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 New Trends in Urban Development
      3. 14.3 Authors' Concept of Smart Cities
      4. 14.4 “Glocal” Deployment of Smart Cities
      5. Acknowledgments
    5. 15: Summary of Market Glocalization
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Organization
      3. 15.3 Standardization
      4. 15.4 Diversification
      5. 15.5 Smart Grid
      6. 15.6 Conclusion
  12. Part V: Conclusion
    1. 16: Conclusions and Future Directions
  13. Index