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Computer Fundamentals by Anita Goel

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1

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER

Contents

  • Digital and analog computers
  • Characteristics of computer—Speed, accuracy, diligence, storage capability, versatility
  • History of computer—Calculating machines, Napier’s bones, slide rule, Pascal's adding and subtraction machine, Leibniz's multiplication and dividing machine, punch card system, Babbage's analytical engine, Hollerith's punched card tabulating machine
  • Generations of computer
    • First generation (1940 to 1956): Using vacuum tubes
    • Second generation (1956 to 1963): Using transistors
    • Third generation (1964 to 1971): Using integrated circuits
    • Fourth generation (1971 to present): Using microprocessors
    • Fifth generation (present and next): Using artificial intelligence
  • Classification of computer—Microcomputers ...

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