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Computer Busses by William Buchanan

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13

RS-232

13.1 Introduction

RS-232 is one of the most widely used techniques used to interface external equipment to computers. It uses serial communications where one bit is sent along a line, at a time. This differs from parallel communications which send one or more bytes, at a time. The main advantage that serial communications has over parallel communications is that a single wire is needed to transmit and another to receive. RS-232 is a de facto standard that most computer and instrumentation companies comply with. It was standardised in 1962 by the Electronics Industries Association (EIA). Unfortunately this standard only allows short cable runs with low bit rates. The standard RS-232 only allows a bit rate of 19600 bps for a maximum distance ...

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