1.1 Disperse multiphase flows
The majority of the equipment used in the chemical process industry employs multiphase flow. Bubble columns, fluidized beds, flame reactors, and equipment for liquid–liquid extraction, for solid drying, and size enlargement or reduction are common examples. In order to efficiently design, optimize, and scale up industrial systems, computational tools for simulating multiphase flows are very important. Polydisperse multiphase flows are also common in other areas, such as fuel sprays in auto and aircraft engines, brown-out conditions in aerospace vehicles and particulate flows occurring in the environment. Although at first glance the multifarious industrial and environmental multiphase flows appear ...