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Complete CL: The Definitive Control Language Programming Guide, Fourth Edition by Ron Hawkins, Doug Pence, Ted Holt, Kevin Forsythe, Ernie Malaga

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Chapter 12. Batch Job Processing

When you sign onto a display station, you start an interactive processing job in the system. The job is called interactive because there is interaction between you and the computer. You type in a command and the system responds. It asks a question, you answer the question, and then the system presents more information.

The Concept of Batch Processing

Jobs also can run in a batch environment. The term batch processing probably comes from the early days of punched-card systems, such as the System/360, that didn’t support interactive jobs. On a System/360, a job was a deck of punched cards that contained both the program and the data to be processed. This deck (or batch) of cards was submitted to the system for processing. ...

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