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Comparing High Technology Firms in Developed and Developing Countries

Book Description

Clusters are geographic concentrations of interconnected companies, specialized suppliers, service providers, and associated institutions in a particular field that are present in a nation or region. The development and upgrading of clusters is an important agenda for governments, companies, and other institutions. Cluster growth initiatives are an important new direction in economic policy, building on earlier efforts in macroeconomic stabilization, privatization, market opening, and cost reduction related to doing business. Comparing High Technology Firms in Developed and Developing Countries: Cluster Growth Initiatives is the leading source of information for readers interested in this field of study as it promotes scientific discussion on policies and practice of cluster growth, as well as covers the emerging research topics which are going to define the future of the management of technology. Furthermore, this book demonstrates the effectiveness and efficiency of technology policy based on observations of differential growth rate of high technology firms in clusters, and explores the factors that explain superior performance of high technology firms to contribute the improvement of technology policy in both developed and developing countries.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
  5. Preface
  6. Chapter 1: Dynamic Competitive of Geographic Clusters (Such as Micro Regional Systems) in the Generation of Innovative Capabilities
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. VIRTUOUS RELATIONS IN THE GENERATION OF DYNAMIC SECTORS. IMPORTANCE OF “TRIPLE HELIX” IN THE ECONOMY REGION
    4. IMPORTANCE OF INNOVATION FOR DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH REGIONS
    5. PUBLIC POLICIES TO PROMOTE BUSINESS AGGLOMERATIONS
    6. NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS
    7. REGIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS
    8. MICRO HABITAT OF REGIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS: GEOGRAPHIC CLUSTERS
    9. DEFINITIONS RELATING TO GEOGRAPHIC CLUSTERS
    10. CONCLUSION
  7. Chapter 2: Innovation by Imitation?
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BENCHMARKING AND SCHUMPETERIAN THEORY
    4. BENCHMARKING AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
    5. BENCHMARKING AND PUBLIC POLICY STUDIES
    6. CONCLUSION: DON’T IMITATE - INNOVATE
  8. Chapter 3: High Technology Cluster Growth Initiatives in Singapore
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION: ECONOMIC CLUSTERS
    3. 2. CLUSTER GROWTH STRATEGY IN SINGAPORE
    4. 3. MEDIA CLUSTER
    5. 4. AEROSPACE ENGINEERING CLUSTER
    6. 5. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CLUSTER
    7. 6. IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS IN DEVELOPING HIGH TECHNOLOGY ECONOMIC CLUSTERS
    8. 7. CONCLUSION: MOVING FORWARD IN HIGH TECHNOLOGY ECONOMIC CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT
  9. Chapter 4: Technology Policy Perspective
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CRITICAL REVIEW OF SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY PARKS IN INDIA
    4. STPI OVERVIEW
    5. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOFTWARE PARKS
    6. CONCLUSION
  10. Chapter 5: Canadian Biotechnology Systems
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION SYSTEM APPROACH
    4. CONCLUSION
  11. Chapter 6: Creative Regions in Europe
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. MAPS OF AGGLOMERATIONS IN MANUFACTURING, SERVICES AND CREATIVE INDUSTRIES
    4. 3. METHODOLOGY
    5. 5. CONCLUSION
  12. Chapter 7: Theoretical Model of Knowledge Management Capacity to Promote Learning in Organizations
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. OBJECTIVES
    4. LEARNING ORGANIZATION
    5. LEARNING IN ORGANIZATIONS
    6. KNOWLEDGE CONCEPT
    7. KNOWLEDGE CREATION
    8. CONCEPT LEARNING
    9. MODELS AND METHODS OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT
    10. PRESENTATION OF THE MODEL
    11. CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE NEW MODEL
    12. ELEMENTS OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT
    13. STRATEGIC PLANNING PROCESS
    14. MONITORING AND EVALUATION SYSTEMS
    15. ELEMENTS OF BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT
    16. INTERRRELATION OF TECHNICAL MANAGEMENT ELEMENTS: STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS OF THE PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
    17. ORGANIZATIONAL IMPACTS OF LEARNING CAPACITY
    18. CONCLUSION
  13. Chapter 8: Radical Innovation and Technology Diffusion in Traditional Clusters
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES
    3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
    4. THE CERAMIC TILE INDUSTRY
    5. CASE STUDY. THE KERAJET® DEVELOPMENT
    6. MAIN IMPLICATIONS FROM RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    7. CONCLUSION
  14. Chapter 9: Engaging Actors for the Development of a High-Tech Cluster
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. REGIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS AND THE POLICY DIMENSION
    4. REGIONAL SYSTEM ON THE MAKE: THE CASE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN NUEVO LEON, MEXICO
    5. RULES OF ENGAGEMENT: EXPLORING ACADEMIA-INDUSTRY INTERACTIONS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
    6. CONCLUSION
  15. Chapter 10: Cluster of Berries in Chile
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
    4. METHODOLOGY
    5. THE PRODUCTIVE MACROZONE
    6. SPOTLIGHT ON THE ECONOMY, BUSINESS, AND RESEARCH ASPECTS OF CSCMR
    7. CONCLUSION
  16. Chapter 11: Research into the Path Evolution of Manufacturing in the Transitional Period in Mainland China
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1 INTRODUCTION
    3. 2 THE INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS OF CHINESE MANUFACTURING
    4. 3 THE UPGRADING OF MANUFACTURING FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF GLOBAL VALUE CHAIN
    5. 4 THE UPGRADING OF MANUFACTURING FROM OTHER PERSPECTIVES
    6. 5 CONCLUSION
  17. Chapter 12: International Development Partnerships and Diffusion of Renewable Energy Powered Lighting Technologies in Off-Grid Communities in Developing Countries
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP APPROACHES
    4. INNOVATION PERSPECTIVE
    5. PARTNERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS
    6. METHODOLOGY
    7. EXPLORATORY CASE STUDY IN TALAMANCA, COSTA RICA
    8. NATURE OF PARTNERSHIPS
    9. PARTNERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS
    10. CONCLUSION AND RESEARCH IMPLICATIONS
  18. Chapter 13: Managing the Performance of Highly Mobile Skilled Individuals in Hi-Tech Firms
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. THE NEED FOR THE STUDY
    4. 3. REVIEW OF LITERATURE
    5. 4. EVALUATION OF LITERATURE REVIEW AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS
    6. 5. FINDINGS
    7. 6. CONCLUSION
  19. Chapter 14: Local Innovation System in Emerging Economies
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEM OF INNOVATION OF CORDOBA
    4. STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. PROPOSAL
  20. Chapter 15: Internationalization Strategies of Chinese Pharmaceutical Firms
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1 INTRODUCTION
    3. 2 LITERATURE REVIEW
    4. 3 THE SITUATION OF INTERNATIONALIZATION
    5. 4 SAMPLE FIRMS
    6. 5 INTERNATONALIZATION STRATEGIES
  21. Chapter 16: Organizational and Personal Innovativeness
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. INNOVATION DEFINED
  22. Compilation of References
  23. About the Contributors