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Comparative Studies and Regionally-Focused Cases Examining Local Governments

Book Description

In the era of globalization, comparative government and politics have come to the forefront due to the transformations of the social welfare state and the subsequent social, economic, political, cultural, technological and administrative changes. Taking a particular look at local government systems can uncover new perspectives on issues related to globalization, localization, governance, new democracy movements, managerial reformation, and privatization. Comparative Studies and Regionally-Focused Cases Examining Local Governments is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on the role played by local governments in overall administration, types and models of government at the local level, consequences of managerial reformations, and new develops regarding structure, process, personnel, and policymaking aspects of government. Highlighting relevant perspectives from comparative research and case studies, this book is ideally designed for students, government officials, politicians, civil society representatives, and academicians.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Foreword
  7. Preface
    1. THE CHALLENGES
    2. SEARCHING FOR A SOLUTION
    3. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    4. REFERENCES
  8. Acknowledgment
  9. Chapter 1: Decentralisation and Devolution in the United Kingdom
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. BRITISH LOCAL GOVERNMENT: AN EXCEPTIONAL SYSTEM
    3. BRITISH LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE ABSENCE OF A FORMAL CONSTITUTION
    4. ASYMMETRIC DEVOLUTION IN A MULTI-NATIONAL STATE
    5. STRUCTURE AND SCALE OF ENGLISH LOCAL GOVERNMENT
    6. ELECTIONS AND ELECTORAL SYSTEMS
    7. FUNCTIONS AND SERVICES
    8. LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE
    9. HOW COUNCILS OPERATE
    10. CONCLUSION AND POSTSCRIPT: COMBINED AUTHORITIES AND ELECTED MAYORS
    11. REFERENCES
    12. ENDNOTES
  10. Chapter 2: The U.S. Local Governments and Reforms
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION: THE FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL RELATIONS, AND THEIR INTERACTIONS
    3. CONCLUSION
    4. REFERENCES
    5. ENDNOTES
  11. Chapter 3: Structure of the Local Tiers in Germany
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. TRADITIONS OF GERMAN LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT
    3. LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF GERMAN LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT
    4. ROLE OF THE LOCAL LEVELS IN GERMAN FEDERAL SYSTEM
    5. LOCAL AUTONOMY AND DECENTRALIZATION POLICIES IN THE GERMAN LÄNDER
    6. STRUCTURE OF THE LOCAL TIERS
    7. ACTORS IN LOCAL GOVERNANCE
    8. TRENDS IN GERMAN LOCAL POLITICS
    9. CHALLENGES FOR GERMAN LOCAL GOVERNANCE
    10. TRENDS IN LOCAL PUBLIC MANAGEMENT
    11. TRENDS IN LOCAL DEMOCRACY
    12. CONCLUSION AND OUTLOOK
    13. REFERENCES
    14. ENDNOTES
  12. Chapter 4: Local Structure and Municipal Associations in Spain
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE SPANISH TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE
    4. THE RECENTRALIZATION OF THE LOCAL SYSTEM
    5. MUNICIPAL ASSOCIATIONS IN SPAIN AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO MERGERS
    6. SERVICES PROVIDED BY MANCOMUNIDADES
    7. ORGANIZATION AND CONTROL OF MANCOMUNIDADES
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ENDNOTES
  13. Chapter 5: Decentralization and Sub-National Government in Poland
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. COMPETENCIES OF SELF-GOVERNMENT
    4. SOURCES OF FINANCINCING THE LOCAL GOVERMENT
    5. FISCAL AUTONOMY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: FICTION OF FINANCIAL INDEPENDENCE
    6. CHALLENGES IN THE STRATEGY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  14. Chapter 6: “Small Is Beautiful”
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. SCALE ECONOMIES AND THE PROBLEM OF THE OPTIMAL MUNICIPALITY SIZE
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS AND CONCLUSION
    6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  15. Chapter 7: Experience with Managerial and Political Reform Measures at the Local Level in Slovakia
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. LOCAL LEVEL AS AN ARENA FOR REFORMS: THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
    4. FROM ROOTS TO RENEWAL OF THE DEMOCRATIC LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM IN SLOVAKIA
    5. LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, LOCAL POLITICS, AND POLICY MAKING, AND REFORM MEASURES
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  16. Chapter 8: Mapping Local Democracy in Romania
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. LOCAL DEVELOPMENT, COUNTY PERFORMANCE, AND DEMOCRACY
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    8. REFERENCES
  17. Chapter 9: Local and Urban Administrations, Politics, and Elections in Turkey
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CONCEPTS, APPROACHES, AND PREVIOUS RESEARCH ON LOCAL POLITICS AND ELECTIONS
    4. TYPES OF LOCAL ADMINISTRATIONS AND LOCAL ELECTIONS IN TURKEY
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ENDNOTES
  18. Chapter 10: Local Governments in China
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
    4. LOCAL ELECTIONS
    5. DISCUSSIONS AND CONCLUSION: CHANGING ROLES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN THE ERA OF ECONOMIC REFORMS AND MARKETIZATION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ENDNOTE
  19. Chapter 11: Local Government in India
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THEORETICAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONCEPT OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE
    4. INDIA AND THE CONCEPT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
    5. REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY, MARGINALIZED COMMUNITIES, AND WOMEN IN LOCAL GOVERNANCE
    6. THE PRACTICE OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
    7. THE DYNAMICS: LOCAL GOVERNANCE AND DELIVERY
    8. LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN PRACTICE
    9. PEOPLE AND LOCAL GOVERNANCE
    10. LESSONS LEARNT AND THOUGHTS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
    11. CONCLUSION
    12. REFERENCES
    13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. ENDNOTES
  20. Chapter 12: Challenge of Democracy and Local Governance in Pakistan
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. DEMOCRACY
    5. SITUATION ANALYSIS
    6. DEMOCRATIC PROCESS AND POLITICAL CULTURE IN PAKISTAN
    7. TOWARDS REINSTATING THE LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
    8. RECOMMENDATIONS
    9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    10. CONCLUSION
    11. REFERENCES
    12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  21. Chapter 13: Local Governments in Brazil
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CONCLUSION
    4. REFERENCES
    5. ENDNOTES
  22. Chapter 14: The Satisfaction of the Citizens with the Place and the Impact of This Evaluation on Local Government Management
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  23. Chapter 15: Local Government and Governance in Mexico
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN MEXICO
    5. FROM GOVERNMENT TO GOVERNANCE
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  24. Chapter 16: A Comparative Study of Local Governments in the Constitutions of Selected EU Countries and Turkey
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CONCLUSION
    4. CONSTITUTIONS
    5. ENDNOTES
  25. Chapter 17: The Significance of The 2014 Local Elections in Turkey for Decentralisation and Local Autonomy
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CONCLUSION
    4. REFERENCES
    5. ENDNOTES
  26. Chapter 18: Democratic Decentralisation and Functioning of Local Governments in Tribal Areas of India
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. ENDNOTES
  27. Chapter 19: Local Public Service Delivery Arrangements in the Czech Republic and Slovakia
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
    4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND RESEARCH RESULTS
    5. DISCUSSION: REASONS FOR LIMITED SUCCESS OF OUTSOURCING/ EXTERNALISATION
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  28. Chapter 20: The Understanding of Public Service Ethics in Turkish Municipalities
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
    4. AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE UNDERSTANDING OF PUBLIC SERVICE ETHICS OF TURKISH MUNICIPALITY ADMINISTRATORS: THE CASE OF ANKARA METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITY REGION
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
    7. ENDNOTES
  29. Compilation of References
  30. About the Contributors