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Commonsense Reasoning by Erik T. Mueller

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CHAPTER 16

Nonlogical Methods for Commonsense Reasoning

This book uses the event calculus for commonsense reasoning, which is based on first-order logic. Why logic? What about other approaches to commonsense reasoning? In this chapter, we review several other important approaches to commonsense reasoning: qualitative reasoning, analogical processing, probabilistic reasoning, and the society of mind. We assess their strengths and weaknesses and discuss their relationships to the event calculus.

16.1 Qualitative Reasoning

Qualitative reasoning is concerned with explaining and predicting the behavior of physical systems. The task is to take as input a description of a physical system and an initial state and produce as output the possible behaviors ...

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