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Commerce in Space: Infrastructures, Technologies, and Applications

Book Description

"Over the next decade, significant technological advancements and policy implementations are planned to each of the five space infrastructures, (telecommunication, positioning and navigation, broadcasting, earth observation, and tourism) creating new opportunities for information technology.

Commerce in Space: Infrastructures, Technologies, and Applications compiles an authoritative body of research on the expanding role of earth observation satellite initiatives and their application to such capabilities as mobile broadband, Internet, and mobile communication connectivity. A must-have reference work for any library, this book provides a comprehensive review of how space technology can influence the future of information technology architecture across multiple domains such as health, education, logistics, business decision making, and communication."

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Foreword
  3. Preface
  4. Acknowledgment
  5. Space Technology for Managing Resources
    1. Space Technologies for the Research of Effective Water Management: A Case Study
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. THE GLOBAL WATER CYCLE
      4. REMOTE SENSING AND THE GLOBAL WATER CYCLE
      5. STREAM SOLUTION FOR SOIL MOISTURE STUDIES IN THE MDB
      6. GLOBAL RELEVANCE OF THIS STUDY
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
    2. Using Space Technology for Natural Resource Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INPUTS RELATED TO NATURE COMPONENTS OF NATURAL RESOURCES
      4. CORE TEAM: ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIALISTS AND TECHNOLOGY EXPERTS
      5. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SOFTWARE AND SOFTWARE TOOLS
      6. SPACE TECHNOLOGY
      7. GRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)
      8. CASE ILLUSTRATION
      9. GEOGRAPHICAL DATA FOR A COUNTRY
      10. QUANTITATIVE AND TEXTUAL CONTENTS OF GEOGRAPHICAL DATA
      11. DATA FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
      12. KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEM FOR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
      13. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE KBSNRM MODEL
      14. DISASTER MANAGEMENT
      15. CONCLUSION
      16. REFERENCES
    3. Using Space Technology for Disaster Monitoring, Mitigation, and Damage Assessment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINITIONS, PROCESSES, AND PROCEDURES FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT
      4. SPACE TECHNOLOGY FOR EARTH MONITORING AND DISASTER PREDICTION
      5. HOW SPACE-BASED MONITORING DATA CAN BE HELPFUL IN DIFFERENT HAZARD SCENARIOS
      6. COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS FOR DISASTERS AND OTHER EMERGENCY SCENARIOS
      7. FUTURE TRENDS
      8. INTERNATIONAL POLICY FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
    4. Cospas-Sarsat Satellite System for Search and Rescue
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A NEW SATELLITE SYSTEM
      4. SYSTEM CONCEPT
      5. DEMONSTRATION AND EVALUATION PHASE
      6. OPERATIONAL SYSTEM
      7. MANAGEMENT AND FUNDING
      8. PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
      9. ENHANCEMENT WITH GEOSAR SYSTEM
      10. ENHANCEMENT WITH MEOSAR SYSTEM
      11. FUTURE
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
  6. Satellite Internet and Navigational Technologies
    1. Global Navigation and Satellite Systems and Services
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND ON GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEMS (GNSS)
      4. HOW DOES A SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEM WORK?
      5. GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEMS (GNSS) INFRASTRUCTURE
      6. GLONASS
      7. GALILEO
      8. BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE OF SATELLITE NAVIGATION SERVICES
      9. TRENDS AND ANALYSIS OF FUTURE SCENARIOS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. APPENDIX: GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS
    2. The Satellite Internet: The Convergence of Communication and Data Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEVELOPMENT OF SATELLITE COMMUNICATION AND SATELLITE DATA NETWORKS
      4. INTERNET TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS
      5. CONVERGENCE OF THE INTERNET AND SPACE TECHNOLOGIES
      6. FUTURE TRENDS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    3. The Era of Nanosatellites: Pehuensat Development Status
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PEHUENSAT-1
      4. ELECTRONIC DESIGN
      5. STRUCTURAL DESIGN
      6. TESTS IN SIMULATED SURROUNDING SPACE
      7. FINAL RECOMMENDATIONS AND ADVANCE STATE
      8. FUTURE OF THE SMALL SATELLITES
      9. REFERENCES
    4. Digital Bridges: Extending ICT to Rural Communities Using Space Technologies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MEASURING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE
      4. VISION OF A WORLD WITHOUT A DIVIDE: GLOBAL BROADBAND SATELLITE SYSTEM (GBSS)
      5. CONVERGENCE OF SATELLITE-WIMAX TECHNOLOGY FOR ADDRESSING THE DIVIDE
      6. LOCAL PARTNERSHIP APPROACH FOR DIGITAL INCLUSION: OVERVIEW OF COSIP MODEL
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
  7. Space Policy and Economics
    1. Constructing the European Space Policy: Past, Present, and Future
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE EUROPEAN SPACE SECTOR
      4. EUROPEAN PROGRAMMES
      5. INSTITUTIONS AND COMPETENCIES
      6. BOUNDARY CONDITIONS
      7. OUTLOOK AND CONCLUSION
      8. NOTES
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    2. Application of Satellite Earth Observation for Improving the Implementation of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION
      4. POTENTIAL AND RELEVANCE OF EARTH OBSERVATION FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS
      5. THE CHALLENGES OF EARTH OBSERVATION FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS
      6. PROJECT AND INITIATIVES FACILITATING EARTH OBSERVATION APPLICATION
      7. EMERGING TREND AND ITS PROSPECTS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. NOTE
      10. REFERENCES
    3. Extraterrestrial Space Regimes and Macroprojects: A Review of Socioeconomic and Political Issues
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE CONCEPT OF MACROPROJECTS
      4. THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL REGIMES
      5. POLICY ISSUES ON SPACE RESOURCES
      6. A MACROPROJECT ILLUSTRATION
      7. EXTRATERRESTRIAL UTILIZATION PROJECTS: A SYNOPSIS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ENDNOTES
      12. APPENDIX: INTERNATIONAL MILESTONES-AGREEMENTS AS REFERENCE POINTS FOR SPACE UTILIZATION PROJECTS
    4. Commercialisation of Space Technology for Tomorrow's Space Missions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE PRESENT SITUATION
      4. THE COST OF EXPLORATION
      5. FUTURE STAKEHOLDERS
      6. MARKET EVOLUTION
      7. FUTURE MARKETS
      8. PUBLIC BUDGETS AND FINANCING APPROACHES
      9. FUTURE TRENDS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ENDNOTES
    5. Challenges in Knowledge Management: Maintaining Capabilities Through Innovative Space Missions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE FOUR GOALS OF INNOVATIVE SPACE MISSION DESIGN: DOING THINGS FASTER, BETTER, CHEAPER AND WITH LOWER RISK
      4. BALANCING NATIONAL POLICY AND SCIENCE AT NASA
      5. THE CHALLENGE
      6. DOING THINGS FASTER, BETTER, CHEAPER
      7. WHY IS DOING SPACE MISSIONS FASTER, BETTER, AND CHEAPER SO HARD?
      8. MANAGEMENT IMPERATIVES
      9. CHANGING UNMANNED SPACE MISSION PROGRAMS AT NASA
      10. SUMMARY
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ENDNOTES
  8. Space and Society
    1. Towards an Ethical Approach to Commercial Space Activities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHAT DO WE MEAN BY SPACE ETHICS?
      4. SPACE AS A RES COMMUNIS: "THE PROPERTY OF ALL"…
      5. …OR SPACE AS A PROVINCE?
      6. BUSINESS AS USUAL?
      7. GREATER EARTH
      8. SPACE DEBRIS: LESSONS IN REALISM
      9. WHERE DO WE FIT INTO THIS SCHEME?
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. SUMMARY
      12. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      13. REFERENCES
      14. ENDNOTES
    2. Commerce in Space: Aspects of Space Tourism
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SOCIAL ISSUES
      5. INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES
      6. FINANCIAL ISSUES
      7. DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
    3. Space Elevator: Generating Interest in the Future of Space Access
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND ON THE SPACE ELEVATOR
      3. PREDETERMINED PROBLEMS
      4. CONSTRUCTION OF THE FIRST SPACE ELEVATOR
      5. CARBON NANOTUBES
      6. RESOURCES: MONEY AND SUPPORTERS
      7. FUTURE POSSIBILITIES
      8. SUPPORT GENERATING RESEARCH ABOUT THE SPACE ELEVATOR
      9. WHY THE SE IS NECESSARY: TODAY'S STATUS AND NASA'S ROLE
      10. WHY AND HOW IT WOULD HELP
      11. EXPLANATION FOR USE OF A SURVEY
      12. CREATION OF A SURVEY
      13. RESULTS OF SURVEY
      14. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
      15. SURVEY RESULTS DISCUSSION
      16. CONCLUSION
      17. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      18. REFERENCES
    4. Commerce in Space: Infrastructures, Technologies, and Applications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. PART 1
      3. PART 2
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
  9. Compilation of References
  10. About the Contributors
  11. Index