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Combustion, 5th Edition

Book Description

*New chapter on new combustion concepts and technologies, including discussion on nanotechnology as related to combustion, as well as microgravity combustion, microcombustion, and catalytic combustion—all interrelated and discussed by considering scaling issues (e.g., length and time scales).

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication 01
  6. Dedication 02
  7. Preface
  8. Chapter 1. Chemical thermodynamics and flame temperatures
    1. 1.1. Introduction
    2. 1.2. Heats of Reaction and Formation
    3. 1.3. Free Energy and the Equilibrium Constants
    4. 1.4. Flame Temperature Calculations
    5. 1.5. Sub and Supersonic Combustion Thermodynamics
    6. Problems
  9. Chapter 2. Chemical kinetics
    1. 2.1. Introduction
    2. 2.2. Rates of Reactions and Their Temperature Dependence
    3. 2.3. Simultaneous Interdependent Reactions
    4. 2.4. Chain Reactions
    5. 2.5. Pseudo-First-Order Reactions and the “Falloff” Range
    6. 2.6. The Partial Equilibrium Assumption
    7. 2.7. Pressure Effect in Fractional Conversion
    8. 2.8. Chemical Kinetics of Large Reaction Mechanisms
    9. Problems
  10. Chapter 3. Explosive and general oxidative characteristics of fuels
    1. 3.1. Introduction
    2. 3.2. Chain Branching Reactions and Criteria for Explosion
    3. 3.3. Explosion Limits and Oxidation Characteristics of Hydrogen
    4. 3.4. Explosion Limits and Oxidation Characteristics of Carbon Monoxide
    5. 3.5. Explosion Limits and Oxidation Characteristics of Hydrocarbons
    6. 3.6. The Oxidation of Aldehydes
    7. 3.7. The Oxidation of Methane
    8. 3.8. The Oxidation of Higher-Order Hydrocarbons
    9. Problems
  11. Chapter 4. Flame phenomena in premixed combustible gases
    1. 4.1. Introduction
    2. 4.2. Laminar Flame Structure
    3. 4.3. Laminar Flame Speed
    4. 4.4. Stability Limits of Laminar Flames
    5. 4.5. Flame Progagation through Stratified Combustible Mixtures
    6. 4.6. Turbulent Reacting Flows and Turbulent Flames
    7. 4.7. Stirred Reactor Theory
    8. 4.8. Flame Stabilization in High-Velocity Streams
    9. 4.9. Combustion in Small Volumes
    10. Problems
  12. Chapter 5. Detonation
    1. 5.1. Introduction
    2. 5.2. Detonation Phenomena
    3. 5.3. Hugoniot Relations and the Hydrodynamic Theory of Detonations
    4. 5.4. Comparison of Detonation Velocity Calculations with Experimental Results
    5. 5.5. The ZND Structure of Detonation Waves
    6. 5.6. The Structure of the Cellular Detonation Front and Other Detonation Phenomena Parameters
    7. 5.7. Detonations in Nongaseous Media
    8. Problems
  13. Chapter 6. Diffusion flames
    1. 6.1. Introduction
    2. 6.2. Gaseous Fuel Jets
    3. 6.3. Burning of Condensed Phases
    4. 6.4. Burning of Droplet Clouds
    5. 6.5. Burning in Convective Atmospheres
    6. Problems
  14. Chapter 7. Ignition
    1. 7.1. Concepts
    2. 7.2. Chain Spontaneous Ignition
    3. 7.3. Thermal Spontaneous Ignition
    4. 7.4. Forced Ignition
    5. 7.5. Other Ignition Concepts
    6. Problems
  15. Chapter 8. Environmental combustion considerations
    1. 8.1. Introduction
    2. 8.2. The Nature of Photochemical Smog
    3. 8.3. Formation and Reduction of Nitrogen Oxides
    4. 8.4. SO<sub xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops"><span class="italic">x</span></sub> Emissions Emissions
    5. 8.5. Particulate Formation
    6. 8.6. Stratospheric Ozone
    7. Problems
  16. Chapter 9. Combustion of nonvolatile fuels
    1. 9.1. Carbon Char, Soot, and Metal Combustion
    2. 9.2. Metal Combustion Thermodynamics
    3. 9.3. Diffusional Kinetics
    4. 9.4. Diffusion-Controlled Burning Rate
    5. 9.5. Practical Carbonaceous Fuels (C. R. Shaddix)
    6. 9.6. Soot Oxidation (C. R. Shaddix)
    7. 9.7. Catalytic Combustion
    8. Problems
  17. Appendixes
  18. Appendix A: Thermochemical data and conversion factors
  19. Appendix B: Adiabatic flame temperatures of hydrocarbons
  20. Appendix C: Specific reaction rate constants
  21. Appendix D: Bond dissociation energies of hydrocarbons
  22. Appendix E: Flammability limits in air
  23. Appendix F: Laminar flame speeds
  24. Appendix G: Spontaneous ignition temperature data
  25. Appendix H: Minimum spark ignition energies and quenching distances
  26. Appendix I: Programs for combustion kinetics
  27. Index