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Combined Cycle Systems for Near-Zero Emission Power Generation

Book Description

Combined cycle power plants are one of the most promising ways of improving fossil-fuel and biomass energy production. The combination of a gas and steam turbine working in tandem to produce power makes this type of plant highly efficient and allows for CO2 capture and sequestration before combustion. This book provides a comprehensive review of the design, engineering and operational issues of a range of advanced combined cycle plants.

After introductory chapters on basic combined cycle power plant and advanced gas turbine design, the book reviews the main types of combined cycle system. Chapters discuss the technology, efficiency and emissions performance of natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC) and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) as well as novel humid air cycle, oxy-combustion turbine cycle systems. The book also reviews pressurised fluidized bed combustion (PFBC), externally fired combined cycle (EFCC), hybrid fuel cell turbine (FC/GT), combined cycle and integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC) systems. The final chapter reviews techno-economic analysis of combined cycle systems.

With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Combined cycle systems for near-zero emission power generation is a standard reference for both industry practitioners and academic researchers seeking to improve the efficiency and environmental impact of power plants.

  • Provides a comprehensive review of the design, engineering and operational issues of a range of advanced combined cycle plants
  • Introduces basic combined cycle power plant and advanced gas turbine design and reviews the main types of combined cycle systems
  • Discusses the technology, efficiency and emissions performance of natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC) systems and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems, as well as novel humid air cycle systems and oxy-combustion turbine cycle systems

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  7. Preface
  8. Chapter 1: Combined cycle power plants
    1. Abstract:
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 Typical cycles
    4. 1.3 The Brayton cycle (gas turbine)
    5. 1.4 The Rankine cycle (steam turbine)
    6. 1.5 The Brayton-Rankine cycle (gas turbine and steam turbine)
    7. 1.6 Combined cycle power plant configurations
    8. 1.7 NOx emissions
    9. 1.8 Carbon capture and sequestration
    10. 1.9 Plant operation
    11. 1.10 Availability and reliability
    12. 1.11 Major equipment
  9. Chapter 2: Advanced industrial gas turbines for power generation
    1. Abstract:
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 Gas turbine compressors
    4. 2.3 Gas turbine combustors
    5. 2.4 Gas turbine expander
  10. Chapter 3: Natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC) systems
    1. Abstract:
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 Technology, system design and equipment
    4. 3.3 Criteria pollutants control
    5. 3.4 Advantages and limitations
    6. 3.5 Future trends for improvements in performance and emissions
  11. Chapter 4: Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems
    1. Abstract:
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Technology, system design and equipment
    4. 4.3 Prevention and control of pollutant emissions
    5. 4.4 Advantages and limitations
    6. 4.5 Future trends
    7. 4.6 Conclusion
    8. 4.7 Sources of further information
  12. Chapter 5: Novel cycles: humid air cycle systems
    1. Abstract:
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 Water mixing for power augmentation and NOx control
    4. 5.3 Steam injected gas turbine (STIG) cycles
    5. 5.4 Recuperated water injected (RWI) cycles
    6. 5.5 Evaporative cycles
    7. 5.6 Comparative performance analysis of natural gas-fired humidified air gas turbine cycles
    8. 5.7 Water quality and condensate recovery
    9. 5.8 Further application of humid air turbine (HAT) cycles
    10. 5.9 Conclusions
    11. 5.10 Sources of further information
    12. 5.12 Appendix: nomenclature
  13. Chapter 6: Novel cycles: oxy-combustion turbine cycle systems
    1. Abstract:
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Oxy-fuel power cycle configurations
    4. 6.3 Component and performance considerations
    5. 6.4 Cycle operation and prospects for coal applications
    6. 6.5 Conclusion
  14. Chapter 7: Pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC) combined cycle systems
    1. Abstract:
    2. 7.1 Introduction
    3. 7.2 Fluidized bed combustion: an overview
    4. 7.2 Pressurized fluidized bed combustion
    5. 7.4 Environmental performance
    6. 7.5 Industrial power plants employing PFBC technology
    7. 7.6 Improvements in thermal performance and environmental signature
    8. 7.7 Conclusions
  15. Chapter 8: Externally fired combined cycle (EFCC) systems
    1. Abstract:
    2. 8.1 Introduction
    3. 8.2 Background
    4. 8.3 Early efforts in externally fired systems
    5. 8.4 Large-scale EFCC programs
    6. 8.5 Foster Wheeler high-performance power systems (HIPPS)
    7. 8.6 United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) HIPPS
    8. 8.7 Conclusions
  16. Chapter 9: Hybrid fuel cell gas turbine (FC/GT) combined cycle systems
    1. Abstract:
    2. 9.1 Introduction
    3. 9.2 The hybrid FC/GT concept
    4. 9.3 Background
    5. 9.4 Design considerations
    6. 9.5 Cycle configurations
    7. 9.6 Hybrid FC/GT system performance
    8. 9.7 Hybrid system dynamic operation potential
    9. 9.8 Commercialization status
    10. 9.9 Conclusion
    11. 9.11 Appendix: glossary
  17. Chapter 10: Integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC) systems
    1. Abstract:
    2. 10.1 Introduction
    3. 10.2 Technology, system design and equipment
    4. 10.3 Example of the evaluation process for an ISCC
    5. 10.4 Additional considerations
    6. 10.5 Advantages and limitations
    7. 10.6 Past and future trends
    8. 10.7 Conclusion
    9. 10.8 Acknowledgment
    10. 10.10 Appendix: abbreviations
  18. Chapter 11: Techno-economic analysis of combined cycle systems
    1. Abstract:
    2. 11.1 Introduction
    3. 11.2 Techno-economic analysis (TEA) methodology
    4. 11.3 Techno-economic analysis of pulverized coal-fired power plants with carbon capture
    5. 11.4 Techno-economic analysis of natural gas-fired gas turbine combined cycle power plants with carbon capture
    6. 11.5 Techno-economic analysis of coal-fired integrated gasification combined cycle power plants with carbon capture
    7. 11.6 Advantages and limitations
    8. 11.7 Summary
    9. 11.8 Sources of further information
  19. Index