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Colour Design by J Best

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17

Dye types and application methods

P.R. Richards,     Richtex Textile Consultancy, UK

Abstract:

The chapter gives an overview of commercial dyeing methods, covering the main dyestuff classes and fibre groups. The chapter opens with an introduction to the industry, then discusses dye selection and the preparation and dyeing of cellulosic, protein, polyamide, polyester and acrylic fibres with direct, reactive, vat, sulphur, azoic, acid, metal-complex, mordant, disperse and cationic dyes. Dyeing machinery is described, and the conclusion discusses future challenges.

Key words

dye selection

dye classes

fibre groups

machinery

environmental challenge

17.1 Introduction

The coloration of textile materials is a complex subject, and each of the ...

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