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Collaborative Learning Techniques: A Handbook for College Faculty, 2nd Edition by K. Patricia Cross, Claire Howell Major, Elizabeth F. Barkley

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Chapter 10Techniques for Reciprocal Teaching

In answer to the question, “What is the most effective method of teaching?” McKeachie and his colleagues answered that it depends on the goal, the student, and the teacher. But the next best answer is, “Students teaching other students” (McKeachie et al., 2002). In reciprocal peer teaching, students serve as both teacher and learner, and the collaborative learning techniques (CoLTs) in this section emphasize mutual exchange through these dual student roles.

Reciprocal teaching puts into practice what researchers and scholars are finding about effective learning. It is active rather than passive, requiring students to both give and receive as they help each other gain knowledge or understanding. ...

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