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Collaborative Knowledge in Scientific Research Networks

Book Description

Research inherently requires collaborative efforts between individuals, databases, and institutions. However, the systems that enable such interpersonal cooperation must be properly suited in facilitating such efforts to avoid impeding productivity. Collaborative Knowledge in Scientific Research Networks addresses the various systems in place for collaborative e-research and how these practices serve to enhance the quality of research across disciplines. Covering new networks available through social media as well as traditional methods such as mailing lists and forums, this publication considers various scientific disciplines and their individual needs. Theorists of collaborative scientific work, technology developers, researchers, and funding agency officials will find this book valuable in exploring and understanding the process of scientific collaboration.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Dedication
  7. Foreword
    1. REFERENCES
  8. Preface
    1. PHYSIOLOGY OF COLLABORATIVE KNOWLEDGE
    2. E-RESEARCH
    3. TARGET AUDIENCE
    4. TO FORMALIZE OR NOT TO FORMALIZE?
    5. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  9. Section 1: Introducing Collaborative Networks of Knowledge
    1. Chapter 1: Reconciling Knowledge and Collaborative E-Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 2: Examining Trust in Collaborative Research Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PROVENANCE
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Collaborative Progress in Citation Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. 1. ONE-PROCESS AND TWO-PROCESS CHANGE
      4. 2. CHANGE OF AND ON EPISTEMIC LANDSCAPES
      5. 3. MODEL VALIDATION
      6. 4. HYPOTHESES
      7. 5. A BUILDING OR A SANDPILE?
      8. 6. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 4: Assessing Individual Influence on Group Decisions in Geological Carbon Capture and Storage Problems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
      4. METHOD
      5. RESULTS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. APPENDIX: DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EACH FEP GIVEN TO THE EXPERTS IN EACH SESSION
    5. Chapter 5: International Funding and Collaboration in Sea Level Rise Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
    6. Chapter 6: Relationship between Senior and Junior Researcher
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EMPIRICAL RESEARCH
      5. FINDINGS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Section 2: Case Studies in Different Domains
    1. Chapter 7: Towards the Interoperable Data Environment for Facilities Science
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE FACILITY SCIENCE DATA LIFECYCLE
      5. SOCIAL AND COLLABORATIVE FACTORS
      6. DATA PRODUCTION AND KNOWLEDGE TRANSFORMATIONS
      7. TOWARDS AN OPEN DATA INFRASTRUCTURE FOR FACILITIES SCIENCE
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 8: Collaborative Seabed-Habitat Mapping
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STANDARDIZATION AND HARMONIZATION IN SEABED-HABITAT MAPPING
      4. SEDIMENT CHARACTERIZATION
      5. FROM SEDIMENT CHARACTERIZATION TO HABITAT MAPPING
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 9: Knowledge Building and Computer Tools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: KNOWLEDGE BUILDING ENVIRONMENT
      4. KNOWLEDGE BUILDING, SCIENCE, AND SOCIETY
      5. SOLUTION PROPOSED: A SIMPLE KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
      6. FUTURE IMPLEMENTATION: PERSONAL COMPREHENSION VS. SOCIAL KNOWLEDGE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 10: Beyond Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. FRAMEWORK: SULCIS PROJECT
      3. THE RESEARCH FIELD: CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE
      4. RESEARCH AND KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER ON INTERNET
      5. COLLABORATIVE LEARNING: WEB AND E-LEARNING 2.0
      6. SULCIS CCS SUMMER SCHOOL: BLENDED AND COLLABORATIVE LEARNING FOR RESEARCH AND EDUCATION ON CCS
      7. FROM COLLABORATIVE LEARNING TO COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH: SULCIS CCS SUMMER SCHOOL'S COP
      8. CONCLUSION: CoPs FOR COLLABORATIVE E-RESEARCH
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 11: Collaborative Knowledge in Catchment Research Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STATUS OF CATCHMENT RESEARCH NETWORKS
      4. INTEGRATIVE RESEARCH REQUIREMENTS FOR COLLABORATIVE KNOWLEDGE IN CATCHMENT RESEARCH NETWORKS
      5. INTERNATIONAL EXAMPLES OF DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS SUPPORTING COLLABORATIVE KNOWLEDGE IN CATCHMENT RESEARCH NETWORKS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 3: Formalization of Syntax and Semantics of Static Knowledge
    1. Chapter 12: Loose Integration of Local Information to Generate Collaborative Marine Science Knowledge
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE INFORMATION-KNOWLEDGE GLUE: COLLABORATIVE KNOWLEDGE ENCODING IN CONTROLLED VOCABULARIES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 13: Persistence of Knowledge across Layered Architectures
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. INTEROPERABILITY OF THE OGC® SENSOR WEB ENABLEMENT FRAMEWORK
      5. A MODEL FOR THE INTEGRATION OF SEMANTIC WEB TECHNOLOGIES IN A LAYERED ARCHITECTURE
      6. ROLE-BASED KNOWLEDGE: CREATION AND ACCESS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 14: The Brokering Approach for Enabling Collaborative Scientific Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH CHALLENGES
      3. MEDIATION PROCESSES AND BROKERS
      4. A BROKERING APPROACH FOR COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH
      5. SUCCESSFUL BROKERAGE IN THE GEOSCIENCES
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 15: Building Collaborative Ontologies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND OF ONTOLOGY ENGINEERING AND VISUAL KNOWLEDGE MAPPING
      4. INDIVIDUAL COGNITIVE STYLE AND GROUP ONTOLOGY DESIGN
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  12. Section 4: Formalization of Syntax and Semantics of Dynamic Knowledge
    1. Chapter 16: Grammar of Dynamic Knowledge for Collaborative Knowledge Engineering and Representation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STATIC VERSUS DYNAMIC KNOWLEDGE
      4. METHODS FOR ENGINEERING AND REPRESENTATION OF DYNAMIC KNOWLEDGE
      5. FRAMEWORK FOR UNIFIED GRAMMAR OF DYNAMIC KNOWLEDGE
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUDING REMARKS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 17: Constructing Historical Knowledge through Graphic Boundary Objects
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MODEL DEVELOPMENT
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 18: Perspectives of Use of Petri Nets in Collaborative Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINITION AND PROPERTIES OF PETRI NETS
      4. DISCUSSION: PETRI NETS AS A DYNAMIC KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING TOOL
      5. GRAMMAR OF PETRI NETS
      6. PETRI NETS COMPUTER-BASED TOOLS
      7. CONCLUDING REMARKS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Section 5: Knowledge Handling Avoiding Formalization
    1. Chapter 19: Maps, Graphs, and Annotations as Boundary Objects in Knowledge Networks, Distributed Cognition, and Collaborative E-Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTES
  14. Compilation of References
  15. About the Contributors