Most projects use relatively informal naming conventions such as the ones laid out in this section.
Here are some guidelines for creating a language-independent convention:
Differentiate between variable names and routine names. The convention this book uses is to begin variable and object names with lower case and routine names with upper case: variableName vs. RoutineName().
Differentiate between classes and objects. The correspondence between class names and object names—or between types and variables of those types—can get tricky. Several standard options exist, as shown in the following examples:
Example 11-13. Option 1: Differentiating Types and Variables via Initial ...