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Cloud Security: A Comprehensive Guide to Secure Cloud Computing by Russell Dean Vines, Ronald L. Krutz

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Chapter 4. Cloud Computing Risk Issues

Institutions will try to preserve the problem to which they are the solution.

–Clay Shirky

In addition to the risks and threats inherent in traditional IT computing, cloud computing presents an organization with its own set of security issues.

This chapter examines cloud computing risk to privacy assurance and compliance regulations, how cloud computing presents a unique risk to "traditional" concepts of data, identity, and access management traversing infrastructure, and how those risks and threats may be unique to cloud service providers (CSP).

The CIA Triad

The three fundamental tenets of information security — confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA) — define an organization's security posture. All of the information security controls and safeguards, and all of the threats, vulnerabilities, and security processes are subject to the CIA yardstick.

Confidentiality

Confidentiality is the prevention of the intentional or unintentional unauthorized disclosure of contents. Loss of confidentiality can occur in many ways. For example, loss of confidentiality can occur through the intentional release of private company information or through a misapplication of network rights.

Some of the elements of telecommunications used to ensure confidentiality are as follows:

  • Network security protocols

  • Network authentication services

  • Data encryption services

Integrity

Integrity is the guarantee that the message sent is the message received and that the message ...

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