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Clinical Nutrition For Dummies

Book Description

Get up to date on clinical nutrition for school, work, or your own health

From the proper function of the major organs and the role that proper nutrition plays in their functioning, to a breakdown of carbs, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals, Clinical Nutrition For Dummies provides you with the easy-to-read guide you need to immerse yourself in the subject! Written in the fun style that the For Dummies series has become known for, the book is perfect for students in the wide variety of fields that require an in-depth understanding of clinical nutrition, or for those who want to improve their own lives through better nutrition.

Dive right into the book for an exploration of the chemical and functional components of food, how to properly assess your nutritional intake, the changing face of nutrition throughout the human lifespan, and so much more! This handy resource offers a wealth of information, and specifically addresses the growing obesity and diabetes epidemics that promise to make the study of clinical nutrition more important than ever. Includes a complete breakdown of the relationship between nutrition and chronic diseases.

  • Explores the nutritional requirements at various life stages, from pediatric through geriatric

  • Features information on the importance of proper nutrition during pregnancy

  • Shares tips for modifying dietary intake and health behavior theory, along with properly communicating health information

  • Clinical Nutrition For Dummies is your complete, fun guide to the topic of nutrition—dive in today to get started on the pathway to mastering this increasingly important subject.

    Table of Contents

      1. Introduction
        1. About This Book
        2. Conventions Used in This Book
        3. Foolish Assumptions
        4. Icons Used in This Book
        5. Beyond the Book
        6. Where to Go from Here
      2. Part I: Getting Started with Clinical Nutrition
        1. Chapter 1: Getting Started with Clinical Nutrition
          1. Pillars of the Practice: Recognizing theLinks between Nutrition and Health
            1. Revisiting traditional views of food and health
            2. Introducing the key tenets of clinical nutrition
          2. Taking a New(-ish) Approach toMedical Care and Public Health
            1. Preventing disease
            2. Devising therapeutic measures to treat disease
            3. Addressing nutritional needs throughout your lifespan
          3. Increasing Visibility (and Abbreviations) through Key Organizations
            1. Walking the hallowed halls: Clinical nutrition in academia
            2. Getting better: Clinical nutrition in healthcare settings
            3. Selling wellness: Clinical nutrition as a business
            4. Affecting public policy: Governmental organizations
        2. Chapter 2: Nutrition 101
          1. The ABCMVs of Eating
            1. Introducing a common-sense diet
            2. Determining whether your diet is adequate
            3. Balancing your diet
            4. Keeping caloric intake in check
            5. Following the “everything in moderation” rule
            6. Spicing up your life with variety
          2. Knowing Your Nutrients
            1. Energizing nutrients: Proteins, carbs, and fats
            2. Aiding in body function: Vitamins and minerals
            3. Water: The most important nutrient
            4. Examining the essentials — essential nutrients, that is
          3. Exploring Nutrient Mobility and Use
        3. Chapter 3: Determining Whether You're Eating Correctly
          1. The Dietary Reference Intakes: An Alphabet Soup of Recommendations
            1. The RDA: Setting recommended intake values
            2. Estimated energy requirements (EERs): Monitoring your energy intake
            3. Upper intake levels (ULs): Determining nutritional safety
            4. Acceptable macronutrient distribution ranges (AMDR): Preventing disease
          2. Beyond the U.S.: Standards from around the World
            1. The European Food Safety Authority
            2. Australia's Food for Health
            3. The UN's World Health Organization
          3. Vetting Nutrition Information
            1. Going to expert sources
            2. Judging the quality of online information
            3. Evaluating the usefulness of the study findings
          4. Assessing Your Lifestyle Choices
            1. Keeping track of your habits
            2. Giving yourself a bit of leeway
            3. Reading food labels
        4. Chapter 4: The Grim Reality of Worldwide Wellness
          1. From Infectious to Chronic Diseases: A Global Transformation
            1. Making the epidemiological transition
            2. Getting familiar with chronic disease: Public Enemy Number1
          2. Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why What You're Eating Is Killing You
            1. Making a link between diet and disease
            2. Taking its toll on your mental and cognitive health
          3. Tackling Nutrition Head On: Common Strategies
            1. Is there a pill for that? Taking supplements
            2. Dieting: What is it and who should be doing it?
            3. Accepting that the solution is long term
      3. Part II: You Are What You Eat
        1. Chapter 5: Observing Obesity
          1. Gaining Basic Info about Obesity and Being Overweight
            1. Balancing energy intake and output
            2. Determining how much energy intake you need
          2. Measuring Weight and Body Fat
            1. Calculating Body Mass Index (BMI)
            2. Using anthropometric body fat tests
          3. Comorbidities: Encountering Obesity and the Diseases That Go with It
            1. Introducing obesity-related diseases
            2. Bellying up to bar: Central adiposity
            3. Underlying mental health complications of being obese
          4. Achieving and Maintaining a Healthy Body Weight
            1. Consulting a dietary health professional about losing weight
            2. Implementing medical therapy
          5. Rising Global Morbidity Rates
            1. Doing a survey of the people and regions affected
            2. Understanding the spread of obesity around the world
        2. Chapter 6: Concerning Yourself and Cancer
          1. Grasping Cancer Basics
            1. Understanding global cancer epidemiology
            2. Discovering how cancer develops: Free radicals and carcinogens
            3. Seeing how cancer progresses
          2. Noting Nutritional Risks
            1. Eating a high-energy diet with a side of sedentary lifestyle
            2. Consuming a lot of red meat
            3. Drinking too much alcohol
          3. Taking Charge of Your Nutrition to Ward Off a Cancer Diagnosis
            1. Promoting healthy lifestyles through a multifaceted approach
            2. Adapting behaviors to reduce cancer risk
            3. Making healthy changes to your diet
        3. Chapter 7: Cracking the Cardiovascular Case
          1. Clarifying Confusing Terminology about Cardiovascular Disease
          2. Attacking Atherosclerosis
            1. Watching how atherosclerosis develops
            2. Plucking away at your heart strains
            3. Clotting up a storm
          3. Figuring Out the Risk Factors of CVD
          4. Eating Your Way to a Healthy Heart
            1. Controlling cholesterol
            2. Taking care of fats
            3. DASH-ing your diet for good health
          5. Putting Together Your Action Plan
        4. Chapter 8: Discussing Diabetes
          1. Outlining the Physiology of the Disease
            1. Gaining insight on blood glucose
            2. Understanding the purpose of insulin
          2. Defining Diabetes
            1. Distinguishing between type 1 and type 2 diabetes
            2. Toxic effects of diabetes
            3. Paying attention to warning signs
            4. Clarifying the risk factors
          3. Preventing and Treating Diabetes through Diet and Lifestyle
            1. Controlling blood glucose levels
            2. Reducing your carbs
            3. Determining how stringent your diet must be
            4. Timing your meals
        5. Chapter 9: Caring about Kidney Disease
          1. Getting Comfortable with Your Kidneys
          2. Understanding Kidney Disease
            1. Moving through the stages
            2. Calculating the global rate of chronic kidney disease
          3. Dieting to Prevent Kidney Disease
            1. Knowing which foods to restrict or avoid
            2. Deciding which foods to eat
          4. Dieting to Treat Kidney Disease
            1. Focusing on food and fluid restrictions
            2. Leaving the diet planning to professionals
          5. Casting No Kidney Stones
            1. Materials that make up kidney stones
            2. Limiting oxalates
            3. Avoiding foods high in purines
        6. Chapter 10: All about Food Safety
          1. Assessing Food Adulteration
            1. Understanding the motivation behind adulteration
            2. Identifying common types of adulteration
            3. Looking for signs of adulteration in food
          2. Controlling Food Contamination
            1. Discovering the prevalence of contamination
            2. Recognizing the risks contaminants pose to your health
            3. Taking steps to prevent contamination
          3. Discussing Foodborne Disease
            1. Passing on the poison: Foods that are naturally toxic
            2. Minding your microbes: Foodborne illness caused by contamination
            3. Being safe with food choice
      4. Part III: Major Organ Systems and Nutrition
        1. Chapter 11: Gaining Insight on the Gastrointestinal System
          1. Making Up the Gastrointestinal System
            1. Mentioning your mouth
            2. Explaining your esophagus
            3. Understanding your stomach's role
            4. Your wondrous small intestine
            5. Concerning the colon (large intestine)
            6. Reviewing the rectum and anus
          2. Discussing Some Functional Disorders of the GI Tract
            1. Discussing constipation
            2. Acid reflux
            3. Barrett's esophagus
            4. Peptic ulcers
            5. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
            6. Discussing diverticular disease
            7. Colon polyps and cancer
          3. Eating Your Way to Healthy Guts
            1. Figuring out what foods to avoid
            2. Figuring out which foods to eat
        2. Chapter 12: Caring for the Cardiovascular System
          1. Making Up the Cardiovascular System
            1. Keeping the beat: Your heart
            2. Transporting oxygen and removing waste
            3. Getting in on the bloody basics
            4. Hurting the heart: Cardiovascular disease
          2. Eating Your Way to a Healthy Cardiovascular System
            1. Keeping away from bad fats
            2. Staying away from sodium
            3. Focusing on fish and flaxseed
            4. Going nuts for nuts
            5. Eating your fruits and vegetables
            6. Hopping on the whole grain bandwagon
            7. Enjoying wine and dark chocolate
        3. Chapter 13: Exploring the Endocrine System
          1. Outlining the Basics of the Endocrine System
            1. Glancing at different types of glands
            2. Shhh . . . It's a secrete! Discovering how endocrine glands work
          2. Taking Care of Your Endocrine Health
            1. It's number 1 (unfortunately)! Diabetes
            2. Getting gout
            3. Polycystic ovary syndrome
            4. Combating osteomalacia (rickets)
            5. Osteoporosis
            6. Noting health problems related to thyroid function
            7. Interacting with the digestive system: The pancreas
            8. Eating your way to a healthy endocrine system
        4. Chapter 14: The Ins and Outs of the Excretory System
          1. Taking a Trip through the Excretory System
            1. Identifying the system's key components
            2. Watching the system in action
          2. Going beyond Urination: What This System Actually Does
            1. Balancing water levels in the blood
            2. Protecting your body from toxins
            3. Regulating blood sodium levels
          3. Maintaining a Healthy Excretory System
            1. Making good food choices
            2. Eliminating additives
            3. Following other dietary recommendations
            4. Exercising for the sweat
          4. Dealing with Urinary Tract Infections
            1. Enjoying foods that prevent or reduce the effects of UTIs
            2. Taking other steps to avoid a UTI
      5. Part IV: Nutrition through the Lifespan
        1. Chapter 15: Having a Baby? Pre- and Post-Natal Nutrition
          1. Adopting Healthy Lifestyles during the Conception Period: The Basics
            1. Teaming up: Steps both moms- and dads-to-be can take
            2. Chatting with your doc: A checklist
          2. Identifying What Dad Can Do to Boost Fertility
            1. Paying attention to diet
            2. Taking other steps to improve fertility
          3. What Mom Can Do: Preparing Her Body to Sustain a Healthy Pregnancy
            1. Regulating your weight
            2. Prepping your placenta for pregnancy
          4. You're Pregnant — Now What?
            1. Understanding the process of trimester development
            2. Eating while pregnant: A trimester guide
            3. Managing calories and weight gain during pregnancy
        2. Chapter 16: Caring for Kids, from Infancy through the Teen Years
          1. The Building Blocks of a Healthy Diet for Children
            1. Being aware of the changing dietary needs as children grow
            2. Facing common challenges when making the transition to solid foods
            3. Identifying good sources of nutrients for infant and toddler diets
            4. Getting the proper amounts and right kinds of energy
            5. Getting your vitamins and minerals
            6. Taking care with iron and lead
            7. A word about supplements
            8. Fitting in healthy snacks
          2. Patrolling What Your Children Eat
            1. Providing an inviting environment
            2. Avoiding choking hazards
            3. Beyond pickiness: Identifying food intolerances, aversions, and allergies
            4. Deciding on school lunches
          3. Understanding the Effects of Diet on Your Child's Health
            1. Eating breakfast: The most important meal of the day for children
            2. Gimme some sugar: Addressing the causes of hyperactivity
            3. Popping those pimples
            4. Caring for those cavities
        3. Chapter 17: Making Sense of Middle Age
          1. Coming to Grips with Your Changing Body
            1. Paying attention to changes in body shape
            2. Noting how body movement changes
            3. Paying attention to changes in body function
            4. Taking action to offset the effects of aging
          2. Paying Extra Attention to Your Diet
            1. Minding your vitamins and minerals
            2. Getting enough of the energy nutrients
          3. Racing to Save Your Exercise Habits
            1. Recognizing the challenges to maintaining an exercise routine
            2. Incorporating exercise into a busy schedule
          4. Some Final Tips for Mastering Middle Age
        4. Chapter 18: Retiring into the Golden Years
          1. Accepting the Changes That Age Brings
            1. Losing muscle mass and bone density
            2. Disappearing digestive ability
            3. Managing menopause
            4. Paying attention to your mental health
          2. Addressing the Nutritional Needs of the Elderly
            1. Curbing your energy intake
            2. Planning for protein
            3. Fitting fats into your diet
            4. Concerning carbohydrates
            5. Vitamins, minerals, and water
          3. Fighting Common Diseases of the Elderly with Diet
            1. Protecting yourself from prostate cancer
            2. Protecting yourself from breast cancer
            3. Protecting yourself from Alzheimer's disease and dementia
          4. Keeping It Simple and Structured
      6. Part V: Theoretical Foundations of Health Behavior
        1. Chapter 19: Modifying Health Behaviors
          1. Grasping the Theoretical Foundations of Health Behaviors
            1. Reaching through people's differing opinions, ideas, and notions
            2. Getting familiar with the terminology
          2. Examining the Influence of Personality
            1. Myers-Briggs personality assessment
            2. Looking at the Locus of Control model
          3. Examining Environmental Influences
            1. Understanding the three different environments
            2. Putting these environments together: Reciprocal Determinism
          4. Intending to Perform Behaviors: The Key to Action
          5. Modeling Behaviors with Behavior Models
            1. The Health Belief model
            2. The Theory of Planned Behavior
            3. The Transtheoretical model
        2. Chapter 20: Communicating Health Information
          1. Communicating Health Information: The Basics
            1. Defining health communication
            2. Introducing informed decision-making
            3. Trying your hand with an example scenario
          2. Grasping the Art and Science of Communicating
            1. Getting the nuts and bolts right: The content
            2. Being content with your message's language
            3. Knowing your audience: The receiver
            4. Engaging your audience
            5. Working through an example
          3. Taking Your Communication to the Next Level
            1. Exploring intrapersonal influences
            2. Understanding community complexities
            3. Assessing the political effect on communication
      7. Part VI: The Part of Tens
        1. Chapter 21: Ten of the Greatest Superfoods
          1. Beans
          2. Blueberries
          3. Broccoli
          4. Garlic
          5. Honey
          6. Salmon
          7. Soybeans and Other Soy Products
          8. Vinegar
          9. Walnuts and Almonds
          10. Yogurt
        2. Chapter 22: Ten Things to Know about Eating Disorders
          1. Three Main Types of Eating Disorders Exist
          2. Disordered Eating Is Different from Eating Disorders
          3. The Rate of Eating Disorders Is Increasing
          4. Men Suffer from Eating Disorders, Too
          5. Binge Eating Is Commonly Diagnosed among Adults
          6. You Can Be Overweight or Obese and Have Bulimia
          7. One Symptom Does Not an Eating Disorder Make
          8. Anorexia Nervosa Is the Most Deadly Eating Disorder
          9. Mental Health Treatment Is a Large Component of the Cure
          10. You Need to Be on the Lookout for Warning Signs
        3. Chapter 23: Ten International Resources You Don't Want to Miss
          1. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Foundation (ANDF)
          2. Australasian Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (AuSPEN)
          3. The British Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN)
          4. Irish Society for Clinical Nutritional and Metabolism (IrSPEN)
          5. The Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation (INF)
          6. The Nutritional Barometer
          7. Nutrition Education and Consumer Awareness Group
          8. UNICEF
          9. Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System (VMNIS)
          10. World Public Health Nutrition Association (WPHNA)
      8. About the Author
      9. Cheat Sheet
      10. More Dummies Products