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Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges by E. Paoletti, G Wieser, J-P. Tuovinen, T.N. Mikkelsen, P. Cudlin, N Clarke, Rainer Matyssek

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Chapter 11

Impacts of Atmospheric Change on Tree–Arthropod Interactions

John J. Couture*,1 and Richard L. Lindroth,    *Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA,    Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA,    1Corresponding author: e-mail: jjcouture@wisc.edu

Abstract

Anthropogenic activities are increasing concentrations of atmospheric pollutants, especially atmospheric CO2 and tropospheric O3, that play significant roles in the functioning of forest ecosystems. Elevated levels of CO2 and O3 alter tree metabolism, growth, and chemical composition. Shift in chemical composition may, in turn, cascade through trophic levels to influence ecosystem ...

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