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Citizen E-Participation in Urban Governance

Book Description

The relationship between citizens and city governments is gradually transforming due to the utilization of advanced information and communication technologies in order to inform, consult, and engage citizens. Citizen E-Participation in Urban Governance: Crowdsourcing and Collaborative Creativity explores the nature of the new challenges confronting citizens and local governments in the field of urban governance. This comprehensive reference source explores the role that Web 2.0 technologies play in promoting citizen participation and empowerment in the city government and is intended for scholars, researchers, students, and practitioners in the field of urban studies, urban planning, political science, public administration, and more.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Section 1: Basic Concepts and Key Issues
    1. Chapter 1: Open Source Urban Governance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: THE CONCEPT OF E-PARTICIPATION
      4. E-PARTICIPATION: OBJECTIVES, CONTEXT, DETERMINANTS, AND ETHICAL ISSUES
      5. E-PARTICIPATION: LEVEL OF PARTICIPATION, POLICY STAGE, STAKEHOLDERS
      6. E-PARTICIPATION TOOLS
      7. E-PARTICIPATION: IMPACTS, BENEFITS, AND RISKS
      8. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    2. Chapter 2: E-Democracy Systems and Participation Outcomes in Urban Governance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEMOCRACY CONCEPTS
      4. E-DEMOCRACY SYSTEMS
      5. THEORETICAL LENSES
      6. E-DEMOCRACY AND PARTICIPATION OUTCOMES
      7. E-DEMOCRACY RESEARCH CHALLENGES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: Public Participation, Social Equity, and Technology in Urban Governance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. E-DEMOCRACY AND E-GOVERNMENT
      4. GETTING THE TECHNOLOGY INTO THE HANDS OF THE PUBLIC
      5. DIGITAL DIVIDE
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
  9. Section 2: Mass Collaboration in Urban Governance
    1. Chapter 4: The Four Urban Governance Problem Types Suitable for Crowdsourcing Citizen Participation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CROWDSOURCING PROBLEM TYPES FOR URBAN GOVERNANCE
      5. THE QUESTION OF FREE SPEECH
      6. THE POLICY-ADVISORY SPECTRUM
      7. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 5: Web 2.0, Neogeography, and Urban E-Governance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WEB 2.0, NEOGEOGRAPHY, AND URBAN PLANNING
      4. NEOGEOGRAPHY IN PRACTICE: BRIÓN, GALICIA
      5. EPISTEMOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF WEB 2.0 AND NEOGEOGRAPHY
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 6: Tracking Public Participation in Urban Governance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GIS AND SOCIETY: A BRIEF HISTORY
      4. WEB 2.0 AND VOLUNTEERED INFORMATION
      5. SPACES OF ENGAGEMENT
      6. THE ARAB SPRING AND OCCUPY
      7. SMART PHONES AND CELL PHONES: THE GLOOMY VIEW
      8. LOOKING AHEAD: SUPPORTING DEMOCRACY, MINIMIZING SURVEILLANCE
    4. Chapter 7: Volunteered Geographic Information for Disaster Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. APPLICATION OF VGI IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 8: Urban Geo-Wiki
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. VALIDATING URBAN EXTENT THROUGH CROWDSOURCING
      4. USING URBAN GEO-WIKI TO VALIDATE URBAN EXTENT IN THREE CITIES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 9: The Geospatial Web
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FROM PUBLIC PARTICIPATION GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (PPGIS) TO THE “GEOSPATIAL WEB”
      4. A BRIEF HISTORY OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS)
      5. THE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION GIS (PPGIS) DEVELOPMENTS
      6. GOOGLE EARTH AND VIRTUAL GLOBES: THE RAPID DEVELOPMENT SINCE 2005
      7. SPATIAL DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS
      8. TOWARDS A NEW ERA OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION GIS? VOLUNTEERED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND NEOGEOGRAPHY
      9. GEOSPATIAL WEB APPLICATIONS AND TOOLS
      10. INCREASING PARTICIPATION LEVELS: THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
      11. PRESSING ISSUES: USABILITY, PRIVACY AND DATA QUALITY
      12. GEOSPATIAL WEB IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
      13. WHAT NEXT? FUTURE TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS
      14. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 10: Citizen Science Perspectives on E-Participation in Urban Planning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROGRESSIONS TO E-PARTICIPATION IN URBAN PLANNING AND CITIZEN SCIENCE
      4. HISTORY OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN URBAN PLANNING
      5. CITIZEN SCIENCE
      6. LESSONS FROM E-PARTICIPATION IN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH FOR E-PARTICIPATION IN URBAN PLANNING
      7. CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVES
  10. Section 3: Citizen E-Participation
    1. Chapter 11: Mobile Participation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GOING MOBILE: CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT IN URBAN PLANNING VIA SMARTPHONES
      4. CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT IN A MOBILE SOCIETY
      5. MOBILE PARTICIPATION: CONCEPT, TYPES AND LEVELS OF ENGAGEMENT
      6. CASE STUDIES: SIX REAL WORLD PROJECTS
      7. FINDINGS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 12: Social Media for Civic Engagement
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CIVIC ENGAGEMENT, MUNICIPAL GOVERNANCE, AND SOCIAL TOOLS
      4. EXPLORING THE RELATIONSHIP BETEEN FORM OF GOVERNMENT AND SOCIAL MEDIA FOR CIVIC ENGAGEMENT USE
      5. TWO CASES EXPLORED IN DEPTH: KANSAS CITY AND TAMPA
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTION
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 13: E-Participation and Citizen Relationship Management in Urban Governance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CIRM APPLICATIONS AND E-PARTICIPATION
      5. DEMOCRATIC E-PARTICIPATION CIRM
      6. RECENT TRENDS AND RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES
      7. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 14: Citizen Web Empowerment across Italian Cities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CITIZEN WEB EMPOWERMENT IN WEB 2.0 AGE
      4. CITIZEN WEB EMPOWERMENT INDEX
      5. RESULTS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 15: Policy Gadgets for Urban Governance in the Era of Social Computing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND INFORMATION
      4. SOCIAL MEDIA IN THE POLICY DOMAIN
      5. THE ITALIAN PILOT
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
  11. Compilation of References
  12. About the Contributors