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Cisco IOS Cookbook, 2nd Edition by Ian Brown, Kevin Dooley

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Using Context-Based Access-Lists

Problem

You want to use your router as a Firewall to perform advanced filtering functionality.

Solution

The following example shows how to configure the router to perform stateful inspection of TCP or UDP packets:

Router1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router1(config)#access-list 166 deny   ip any any
Router1(config)#access-list 167 permit tcp any any eq telnet
Router1(config)#ip inspect name Telnet tcp
Router1(config)#interface Serial0/1
Router1(config-if)#ip access-group 166 in
Router1(config-if)#ip access-group 167 out
Router1(config-if)#ip inspect Telnet out
Router1(config-if)#exit
Router1(config)#end
Router1#

Tip

Cisco’s Firewall IOS feature set must be installed on a router before you can configure Context-Based Access-Lists.

Discussion

Context-Based Access Control (CBAC) has been available as part of the IOS Firewall feature set since 11.2(P). CBAC does a stateful inspection of TCP and UDP packets to manage sessions as they pass through the router. It uses this state information to dynamically modify existing extended ACLs to control the active sessions. CBAC can also monitor and manage sessions based on application type and can identify, terminate, or log suspicious activity.

CBAC provides much greater security than a regular filtering ACL because it uses features similar to those found in dedicated Firewalls. In fact, the IOS Firewall feature set, including CBAC, makes an excellent firewall for small ...

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