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Cisco IOS Cookbook, 2nd Edition by Ian Brown, Kevin Dooley

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Checking NAT Status

Problem

You want to see the current NAT information.

Solution

There are several useful EXEC commands for checking the status of NAT on a router. You can view the NAT translation table by using the following command:

Router#show ip nat translation

You can clear all or part of the NAT translation table by specifying either a * or a particular address. To clear a specific entry, you must specify either the global address for a device that is inside, or a local address for a device that is outside:

Router#clear ip nat translation *
Router#clear ip nat translation inside 172.18.3.2
Router#clear ip nat translation outside 192.168.1.10

You will often want to look at NAT statistics, including information on which interfaces use NAT, how many entries are in the NAT table, how often they have been used, and, most importantly, how often packets have bypassed NAT. The command to see this is show ip nat statistics:

Router#show ip nat statistics

And you can clear these statistics as follows:

Router#clear ip nat statistics

Discussion

The NAT translation table contains information about every translation that the router is currently tracking. In this example, you can see that there have been two connections between the interior device 192.168.1.10 and the exterior device 172.18.3.2. The first of these connections is shown as ICMP:

Router#show ip nat translation Pro Inside global Inside local Outside local Outside global icmp 172.16.1.100:21776 192.168.1.10:21776 172.18.3.2:21776 172.18.3.2:21776 ...

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