Clarifying Basic Circuit Concepts and Diagrams
In This Chapter
Sorting out current-voltage relationships
Mapping out circuits with schematics
Understanding a circuit’s loops and nodes
Before you can begin working with circuits, you need to have a basic understanding of how current and voltage behave in some of the devices most commonly found in circuits. You also need to be able to read basic circuit diagrams, or schematics. This chapter is all about helping you get comfortable with these basics so you can dive confidently into the world of circuit analysis.
Looking at Current-Voltage Relationships
Given that power is a rate of energy transfer, electrical power p(t) is defined as the product of the voltage v(t) and current i(t) as a function of time:
An electrical device absorbs power when p(t) is positive, implying that the current and voltage have the same ...