Solutions (The Chemistry Kind)
Solutions contain a solvent and one or more solutes. The concentration is the quantity of solute in a given amount of solution. Concentrations are important when considering colligative properties, which depend on the number of solute particles present, not on their identities. Freezing point depression, boiling point elevation, and osmotic pressure are examples of colligative properties.
The Problems You’ll Work On
In this chapter, you work with solutions in the following ways:
Identifying solution components
Calculating small concentrations (ppt, ppm, ppb)
Finding molarity and molality
Determining freezing point depression and boiling point elevation
Finding osmotic pressure
Note: For reference, you can find the periodic table in the Appendix.
What to Watch Out For
Remember the following when working on solutions: