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Chemical Thermodynamics by J. Rajaram

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Appendix A

 

Thermodynamic Properties of Systems Under the Influence of Various Fields

Introduction

The discussion of thermodynamic properties of systems has been restricted to systems that are insulated from the effects of gravitational, centrifugal, electric, magnetic and other fields. Of these, gravitational and centrifugal fields acting on a system can be considered to depend on masses or forces that are situated completely outside the system while in the case of electric and magnetic fields, the fields may originate within the system or outside the system.

The gravitational field, for example, depends on the mass of the system also. But compared to the mass of the earth, the mass of the system is so small that the gravitational field (external ...

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