Atwofold strategy is used to limit the potential damage from fires and explosions: prevent the initiation of the fire or explosion and minimize the damage after a fire or explosion has occurred. This strategy is presented in this chapter. The specific topics include
• use of the flammability diagram introduced in chapter 6,
• static electricity,
• controlling static electricity,
• explosion-proof equipment and instruments,
• sprinkler systems, and
• miscellaneous design features for preventing fires and explosions.
For any fire or combustion explosion to occur, three conditions must be met (as shown in the fire triangle of Figure 6-1). First, a combustible or explosive ...