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Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Second Edition by Joseph F. Louvar - Wayne State University, Daniel A. Crowl - Michigan Technological University

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Chapter 7 Designs to Prevent Fires and Explosions

Atwofold strategy is used to limit the potential damage from fires and explosions: prevent the initiation of the fire or explosion and minimize the damage after a fire or explosion has occurred. This strategy is presented in this chapter. The specific topics include

• inerting,

• use of the flammability diagram introduced in chapter 6,

• static electricity,

• controlling static electricity,

• ventilation,

• explosion-proof equipment and instruments,

• sprinkler systems, and

• miscellaneous design features for preventing fires and explosions.

For any fire or combustion explosion to occur, three conditions must be met (as shown in the fire triangle of Figure 6-1). First, a combustible or explosive ...

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