You are previewing Chemical Engineering Design and Analysis.
O'Reilly logo
Chemical Engineering Design and Analysis

Book Description

Students taking their first chemical engineering course plunge into the 'nuts and bolts' of mass and energy balances and often miss the broad view of what chemical engineers do. This 1998 text offers a well-paced introduction to chemical engineering. Students are first introduced to the fundamental steps in design and three methods of analysis: mathematical modeling, graphical methods, and dimensional analysis. The book then describes how to apply engineering skills, such as how to simplify calculations through assumptions and approximations; how to verify calculations, significant figures, spreadsheets, graphing (standard, semi-log and log-log); and how to use data maps. In addition, the book teaches engineering skills through the design and analysis of chemical processes and process units in order to assess product quality, economics, safety, and environmental impact. This text will help undergraduate students in chemical engineering develop engineering skills early in their studies. Lecturer's solution manual available from the publisher on request.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Contents
  7. Preface
  8. Acknowledgments
  9. 1. An Overview of Chemical Engineering
    1. 1.1 Chemical Engineering
    2. 1.2 Summary
    3. REFERENCES
  10. 2. Process Design
    1. 2.1 The Synthesis of Ammonia
    2. 2.2 Unit Operations and Flowsheets
    3. 2.3 Purifying Heptane – Creative Problem Solving
    4. 2.4 Flowsheet Conventions
    5. 2.5 The Production of Electronic-Grade Silicon
    6. 2.6 Generating Electrical Power with Fuel Cells
    7. 2.7 Desulfurization of Natural Gas – Absorbers and Adsorbers
    8. 2.8 Summary
    9. REFERENCES
    10. EXERCISES
      1. Process Analysis
      2. Process Design
      3. Problem Redefinition
  11. 3. Models Derived from Laws and Mathematical Analysis
    1. 3.1 Desalination of Seawater
    2. 3.2 The Conservation Principles
    3. 3.3 Modeling a Desalinator
    4. 3.4 A Better Desalinator
    5. 3.5 An Even Better Desalinator
    6. 3.6 Design Tools from Mathematical Modeling
    7. 3.7 The Freezer Desalinator – Analysis of the Energy Flow
    8. 3.8 Cocurrent and Countercurrent Devices
    9. 3.9 Energy Balance in a Heat Exchanger
    10. 3.10 Heat Pumps
    11. 3.11 Refrigeration Cycle in the Desalinator
    12. 3.12 Refrigeration Cycles without Refrigerants
    13. 3.13 Mathematical Modeling – Universal and Constrained Laws
    14. 3.14 Process Economics
    15. 3.15 Summary
    16. REFERENCES
    17. EXERCISES
      1. Mass Balances
      2. Mass Balances on Spreadsheets
      3. Energy Balances
      4. Process Economics
      5. Engineering Calculations
  12. 4. Graphical Analysis
    1. 4.1 Air Pollution
    2. 4.2 Separation by Condensation
    3. 4.3 Maps
    4. 4.4 Condensation of Benzene from Air
    5. 4.5 Separation by Absorption
    6. 4.6 Design Tools from Graphical Analysis
    7. 4.7 Distillation – Flash Drums
    8. 4.8 Distillation Columns
    9. 4.9 Summary
    10. REFERENCES
    11. EXERCISES
      1. Phase Diagrams
      2. Absorbers and Strippers
      3. Flash Drums, Tie Lines, and the Lever Rule
      4. Distillation Columns
      5. Process Design
  13. 5. Dimensional Analysis and Dynamic Scaling
    1. 5.1 Units and Dimensions
    2. 5.2 Dimensional Analysis of a Pendulum
    3. 5.3 Dimensional Analysis of Walking
    4. 5.4 Dimensional Analysis of a Solid Sphere Moving through a Fluid
    5. 5.5 Design Tools from Dimensional Analysis
    6. 5.6 Dynamic Scaling – The Alaskan Pipeline
    7. 5.7 Flow through a Pipe
    8. 5.8 Heat Transfer from a Fluid Flowing in a Tube
    9. 5.9 Absorbers and Distillation Columns
    10. 5.10 The Compressibility of a Gas
    11. 5.11 Summary
    12. REFERENCES
    13. EXERCISES
      1. Units and Dimensions
      2. Deriving Dimensionless Groups
      3. Analyzing Graphical Data
      4. Dynamic Scaling
      5. Data Analysis on Spreadsheets
  14. 6. Transient Processes
    1. 6.1 The Basics – A Surge Tank
    2. 6.2 Residence Times and Sewage Treatment
    3. 6.3 Rate Constants – Modeling Atmospheric Chemistry
    4. 6.4 Optimization – Batch Reactors
    5. 6.5 Continuous Production – Plug Flow Reactors
    6. 6.6 Multiple Steady States – Catalytic Converters
    7. REFERENCES
    8. EXERCISES
      1. Numerical Integration of Differential Equations
  15. Appendix A. List of Symbols
  16. Appendix B. Units, Conversion Factors, and Physical Constants
  17. Appendix C. Significant Figures
  18. Appendix D. Graph Paper
  19. Appendix E. Mathematics, Mechanics, and Thermodynamics
  20. Appendix F. Glossary of Chemical Engineering
  21. Index