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Characterization of Metals and Alloys by Paul Holloway

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9

Coatings and Thin Films

RONALD F. ROBERTS and PAUL H. HOLLOWAY

Contents

9.1    Introduction

9.2    Techniques for Creating Coatings and Thin Films

9.3    Techniques to Characterize Coatings and Thin Films

9.4    Studies of Coatings on Metals

9.5    Studies of Thin Films on Metals

9.6    Summary

9.1 Introduction

Coatings and thin films are used on metals and alloys for a variety of purposes. Coatings are normally distinguished from thin films by their thickness: coatings are typically much thicker than 1 μm, which is often the maximum thickness of a thin film. Although a distinction based upon thickness is normally used, this is not always valid, such as with optical coatings, where one-quarter wavelength thicknesses are commonly encountered ...

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