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Characterization of Metals and Alloys by Paul Holloway

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4

Surface and Thin Film Analysis of Diffusion in Metals

PAUL H. HOLLOWAY

Contents

4.1    Introduction

4.2    The Mathematics of Diffusion

4.3    Effects of Non-Uniform Cross Sections

4.4    Effects of Finite Thickness

4.5    Analysis Techniques for Diffusion

4.6    Case Studies of Diffusion

4.7    Summary

4.1 Introduction

Diffusion is the dominant mass transport method by which the vast majority of changes take place in the atomic and phase arrangements of metals. In the jargon of the metallurgist, the microstructure of a metal is almost always controlled by diffusion, both in the liquid and the solid state. As a result, knowledge of the diffusion paths and rates are critical to the prediction of behavior of metals during heat treatment, ...

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