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Channel Codes by Shu Lin, William Ryan

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9Ensemble Decoding Thresholds for LDPC and Turbo Codes

The previous chapter examined code properties responsible for the floor region (high-SNR region) of LDPC and turbo codes. Specifically, the emphasis was on the computation of various weight enumerators for LDPC and turbo code ensembles because a poor weight spectrum leads to poor performance in a code’s floor region both for iterative decoders and for maximum-likelihood decoders. That chapter also introduced ensemble enumerators for trapping sets and stopping sets, both of which can lead to poor floor performance in iterative decoders. In this chapter we examine the iterative decoding performance of LDPC and turbo code ensembles in the complementary low-SNR region, the “waterfall” region. ...

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