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CCTV, 3rd Edition

Book Description

The new edition of CCTV, a high-level professional reference, is expanded to cover all video compression techniques used in the ever-increasing assortment of digital video recorders (DVRs) available on the market today. In addition to demystifying DVR technology, the third edition also clarifies the technology of data networking and explains various compression techniques. Along with all this, the book retains the particulars that made the previous editions convenient and valuable, including details of CCD cameras, lenses, coaxial cables, fiber-optics, and system design.



  • Updated to address digital techniques, networking, and the Internet in closed-circuit television
  • Includes brand new sections on CCTV networking, digital video recorders (DVRs), various video compression techniques, and understanding pixels and digital image quality
  • Fully illustrated with dozens of photographs, tables, checklists, charts, diagrams, and instructions

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface to this edition
  6. Introduction
  7. 1. SI Units of Measurement
    1. Abstract
    2. The basic units
    3. Derived units
    4. Metric prefixes
  8. 2. Light and Television
    1. Abstract
    2. A little bit of history
    3. Light basics and the human eye
    4. Light units
    5. Illuminometer (lux-meter)
    6. Light onto an imaging sensor
    7. Colors in television
    8. Color temperatures and light sources
    9. Eye persistence
  9. 3. Optics in CCTV
    1. Abstract
    2. Refraction
    3. Lenses as optical elements
    4. Geometrical construction of images
    5. Aspherical lenses
    6. CTF and MTF
    7. F and T numbers
    8. Depth of field
    9. Neutral density (ND) filters
    10. Manual, auto, and motorized iris lenses
    11. Video- and DC-driven auto iris lenses
    12. Auto iris lens electronics
    13. Image and lens formats in CCTV
    14. Angles of view and how to determine them
    15. Fixed focal length lenses
    16. Zoom lenses
    17. C- and CS-mount and back-focus
    18. Back-focus adjustment
    19. Optical accessories in CCTV
  10. 4. General About TV Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. A little bit of history
    3. The very basics of analog television
    4. The video signal and its spectrum
    5. Color video signal
    6. Resolution
    7. The very basics of digital TV
    8. HD signal representation
    9. Megapixel CCTV
    10. Beyond HD
    11. Instruments for CCTV
  11. 5. CCTV Cameras
    1. Abstract
    2. General information about cameras
    3. Tube cameras
    4. CCD cameras
    5. How charges are transferred in a CCD sensor
    6. CMOS cameras
    7. Spectral response of imaging sensors
    8. Seeing colors
    9. Types of charge transfer in CCDs
    10. CCD chip as a sampler
    11. Correlated double sampling (CDS)
    12. Camera specifications and their meanings
    13. Special low-light-intensified cameras
    14. Thermal imaging cameras
    15. Multi-sensor panoramic camera
    16. Camera power supplies and copper conductors
    17. Power over Ethernet (PoE)
    18. V-phase adjustment
    19. Camera checklist
  12. 6. Displays
    1. Abstract
    2. CRT monitors
    3. CRT Monitor sizes
    4. CRT Monitor adjustments
    5. Impedance switch
    6. LCD monitors
    7. Video-walls and Projectors
    8. Plasma display monitors
    9. OLED displays
    10. About pixels and resolution
    11. Psycho-physiology of viewing details
    12. Printed picture details
    13. Compression influence on picture details
    14. Brightness, Contrast, and Gamma
    15. Recognizing faces and details in CCTV
  13. 7. Analog Video Processing
    1. Abstract
    2. Analog switching equipment
    3. Switching and processing equipment
  14. 8. Digital CCTV
    1. Abstract
    2. Why digital video?
    3. Types of compressions
    4. Digital video recorders (DVRs)
    5. Image and Video compressions
    6. The need for compression and networking
    7. Raw and compressed digital video
    8. The most common compressions in CCTV
    9. Some new compressions
    10. DCT as a basis
  15. 9. Video Management Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. Operating Systems (OS)
    3. Hard disk drives
    4. Processors (CPUs)
  16. 10. Transmission Media
    1. Abstract
    2. Coaxial cables
    3. Twisted pair video transmission
    4. Microwave links
    5. RF wireless (open air) video transmission
    6. Infrared wireless (open air) video transmission
    7. Transmission of images over telephone lines
    8. Fiber optics
    9. Fiber-optic cables
    10. Installation techniques
    11. Fiber optic link analysis
  17. 11. Networking in CCTV
    1. Abstract
    2. The Information Technology era
    3. Computers and networks
    4. LAN and WAN
    5. Ethernet
    6. The main Ethernet IEEE standards
    7. Ethernet over coax, UTP and fiber cables
    8. Wireless LAN
    9. Network concepts and components
    10. Networking software
    11. IP addresses
    12. Networking hardware
    13. Putting a network system together
  18. 12. Auxiliary Equipment in CCTV
    1. Abstract
    2. Pan and tilt heads
    3. Pan and tilt domes
    4. PTZ site drivers
    5. Preset positioning
    6. Camera housings
    7. Lighting in CCTV
    8. Infrared lights
    9. Ground loop correctors
    10. Lightning protectors
    11. In-line video amplifiers/equalizers
    12. Video distribution amplifiers (VDAs)
  19. 13. CCTV System Design
    1. Abstract
    2. Understanding the system requirements
    3. Site inspections
    4. Designing and quoting a CCTV system
    5. Camera installation considerations
    6. Head-end equipment racks
    7. Drawings
    8. Commissioning
    9. Training and manuals
    10. Handing over
    11. Preventative maintenance
  20. 14. Video Testing
    1. Abstract
    2. The ViDi Labs SD/HD test chart
  21. Appendix A
    1. Common terms used in CCTV
  22. Appendix B
    1. Bibliography and acknowledgments
  23. Appendix C
    1. CCTV training based on this book
  24. Appendix D
    1. Book co-sponsors
    2. About the author…
  25. Index