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CCNP Routing and Switching ROUTE 300-101 Official Cert Guide, Video Enhanced Edition by Kevin Wallace

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Operation of Cisco Express Forwarding

ImageLesson 2: CEF Configuration and Verification

Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) maintains two tables in the data plane. Specifically, the Forwarding Information Base (FIB) maintains Layer 3 forwarding information, whereas the adjacency table maintains Layer 2 information for next hops listed in the FIB.

Using these tables, populated from a router’s IP routing table and ARP cache, CEF can efficiently make forwarding decisions. Unlike fast switching, CEF does not require the first packet of a data flow to be process switched. Rather, an entire data flow can be forwarded at the data plane, as seen in Figure 11-3

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