VLANs are used to break large campus networks into smaller pieces. The benefit of this is to minimize the amount of broadcast traffic on a logical segment.
A virtual LAN (VLAN) is a logical LAN, or a logical subnet. It defines a broadcast domain. A physical subnet is a group of devices that shares the same physical wire. A logical subnet is a group of switch ports assigned to the same VLAN, regardless of their physical location in a switched network.
Two types of VLANs are:
End-to-end VLAN—. VLAN members are assigned by function and can reside on different switches. They are used when hosts are assigned to VLANs based on functions or workgroups, rather than physical location. VLANs should not extend past ...