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CCNA® Practical Studies

Book Description

Practice for the new CCNA exam #640-801, as well as #640-607, with hands-on networking lab scenarios

  • Build your own home internetworking lab from the ground up and use it to master essential internetworking skills

  • Select Cisco router components and navigate within Cisco IOS(r) Software

  • Gain access to Cisco routers and switches and configure a terminal server to access each lab router

  • Configure hostnames and set passwords

  • Configure router interfaces such as Ethernet, Token Ring, Loopback, and Serial

  • Configure multiple routing protocols, including RIP, IGRP, and EIGRP

  • Implement route redistribution to share routing information between routing domains

  • Connect remote offices to the main network with ISDN DDR

  • Integrate IPX into the network

  • Control access with standard and extended access lists

  • Troubleshoot common network failures

  • Understanding the concepts covered on the Cisco Certified Network Associate exam is no longer sufficient to succeed on the test. In order to be completely prepared to succeed on the exam, as well as in your daily job as a CCNA engineer, you must be able to apply conceptual knowledge effectively in a production environment. CCNA Practical Studies is the first book of its kind, providing you with a series of detailed lab scenarios that illustrate the application of key internetworking topics.

    CCNA Practical Studies is a comprehensive reference that helps you gain essential hands-on experience in home-, work-, or remote access-based lab environments. An equally effective supplement to concept-based study guides or stand-alone reference for applying CCNA knowledge pre- or post-test, this book presents numerous examples that cover the entire range of CCNA topics. Starting at the physical layer of the OSI model, you use a layered approach to learn how to build a small network.

    Each chapter tackles a major subject area such as router configuration, routing protocols, bridging and switching, ISDN, access lists, IPX, and more. Each subject presents a mini-lab, walking you through the lab scenario and explaining in detail the commands used, why the authors chose the specific commands, and the resulting configurations. Comprehensive configuration and troubleshooting labs are added to the end of the book, allowing you to understand how routing technologies interact. This step-by-step lab scenario approach is designed to teach you how to apply the knowledge acquired in the process of becoming a CCNA. Whether you are preparing for the CCNA exam, seeking to enhance your on the job skills, or looking to gain confidence before your next job interview, you will find the lessons laid out in this book invaluable.

    This book is part of the Cisco Press Practical Studies Series, which offers readers a means to apply theoretical knowledge through hands-on lab scenarios for key networking technologies. This unique approach enables readers to practice and hone their internetworking skills while preparing for Cisco certification exams.

    Table of Contents

    1. Copyright
      1. Dedications
    2. About the Authors
      1. About the Technical Reviewers
    3. Acknowledgments
    4. Foreword
    5. Introduction
      1. Audience
      2. CCNA Exam 640-607 and Performance-Based Testing
      3. Chapter Organization
      4. How Best to Use This Book
      5. Getting Equipment
      6. How to Use The Book If You Cannot Get Equipment
      7. Command Syntax Conventions
    6. I. Basic Router Configuration
      1. 1. Practical Lab Methodology and Equipment
        1. OSI Reference Model
        2. Lab Equipment
      2. 2. Cisco Router Review
        1. Router Components
          1. Memory
          2. Interfaces and Ports
          3. Command-Line Interface
            1. EXEC Levels or Modes
            2. IOS CLI Hierarchy
            3. Context-Sensitive Help
            4. Hot Keys
        2. Summary
      3. 3. Lab Environment
        1. Lab Inventory and Physical Connections
        2. Lab Objectives
          1. Terminal Server Configuration
          2. Cisco Catalyst Switch Configuration
          3. Cisco Router Configuration
          4. IP Addressing
          5. Routing Information Protocol
          6. Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
          7. Enhanced IGRP
          8. Route Redistribution
          9. ISDN Dial-on-Demand Routing
          10. Internetwork Packet Exchange
          11. IPX EIGRP
          12. IPX RIP
          13. IPX Routing Redistribution
          14. Standard Access Lists
          15. Extended Access Lists
          16. Cisco Router Operations
        3. Recommendations and Methodology
          1. Physical Layer Configuration
          2. Basic Router and Data Link Layer Configurations
          3. Network Layer Configurations (Routing)
        4. Summary
      4. 4. Gaining Access to the Routers and Switches
        1. Direct Access to Routers and Switches Through a Console Port
          1. Accessing the Lab Terminal Server Through the Console Port
        2. Configuring the Terminal Server for Telnet Access
          1. vty Line Configuration for Telnet Access
          2. Saving the Running Configuration
          3. Accessing the Terminal Server from a PC over a LAN/WAN via Telnet
        3. Configuring the Terminal Server
          1. Lab Objective
          2. Terminal Server Overview
          3. Cabling
          4. Reverse Telnet
          5. Terminal Server Configuration
            1. Steps 1 and 2: Creating a Loopback Interface and Assigning an IP Address
            2. Step 3: Allowing Telnet as a Transport Across Asynchronous Lines 1 to 16
            3. Step 4: Creating a Host Table That Maps a Router's Host Name to the Asynchronous Line to Which It Is Connected on the Terminal Server
            4. Saving and Testing the Terminal Server Configuration
            5. Connecting, Disconnecting, and Verifying Reverse Telnet Sessions
            6. Reverse Telnetting to the Catalyst 1900 Switch
        4. Summary
      5. 5. Bridging and Switching
        1. Transparent Bridging
        2. Switching
        3. Virtual LANs
        4. Configuring the Catalyst 1900 Switch
          1. Accessing the Catalyst 1900 Switch
          2. Naming the Catalyst 1900 Switch
          3. Setting a Password for the Catalyst 1900 Switch
          4. Configuring an IP Address and Default Gateway for the Management Console
          5. VLAN Configuration
            1. Selecting VLAN 1 for Configuration
            2. Naming VLAN 1
            3. Selecting VLAN 2 for Configuration
            4. Naming VLAN 2
            5. Adding Member Ports to VLAN 2
            6. Selecting VLAN 3 for Configuration
            7. Naming VLAN 3
            8. Adding Member Ports to VLAN 3
            9. Selecting VLAN 4 for Configuration
            10. Naming VLAN 4
            11. Adding Member Ports to VLAN 4
            12. Verifying VLAN Configuration
      6. 6. General Router Configurations
        1. Lab Objectives
        2. Configuring a Host Name
        3. Setting the Enable, Console, and vty Passwords
        4. Configuring a Message of the Day (MOTD) Banner
        5. Enabling and Disabling DNS Lookup
        6. Console Port Configuration
        7. Creating a Host Table for Telnet Access
        8. Writing a Basic Script in Notepad
      7. 7. Router Interface Configuration Methodology
        1. Interface Connectivity and IP Addressing
          1. IP Addressing
        2. Frame Relay Overview
          1. Frame Relay Components
          2. Frame Relay Address Mappings
        3. Configuring Frame Relay Interfaces
        4. Configuring Point-to-Point Serial Interfaces
        5. Configuring Ethernet Interfaces
        6. Configuring Token Ring Interfaces
        7. Creating and Configuring Loopback Interfaces
        8. Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)
    7. II. Configuring Routing Protocols, ISDN, and IPX
      1. 8. Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
        1. RIP Fundamentals
          1. RIP Routing Updates
          2. RIP Routing Metric
          3. RIP Scalability and Limitations
          4. RIP Stability Features
        2. RIP Lab Objective
          1. Configuring RIP Between R1 and R2
          2. Verifying RIP Configuration and Operation
            1. Verifying RIP Configuration with the show ip protocols Command
            2. Confirming RIP Advertisement Receipt with the show ip route Command
            3. Verifying Router Interconnectivity with the ping Command
            4. Analyzing Router Processes with the debug ip rip Command
            5. Preventing RIP Updates with the passive-interface Command
            6. Saving the New Configuration
          3. Lab Follow-up Tasks
      2. 9. Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP)
        1. IGRP Fundamentals
          1. IGRP Routing Updates
          2. IGRP Routing Metric
          3. IGRP Scalability Features
        2. Configuring IGRP
          1. Enabling and Configuring IGRP on Router R3
          2. Enabling and Configuring IGRP on Router R5
          3. Verifying IGRP Configuration and Operation
      3. 10. Enhanced Interior Gateway Protocol (EIGRP)
        1. EIGRP Fundamentals
          1. EIGRP Features
          2. EIGRP Components
          3. EIGRP Concepts
            1. Neighbor Tables
            2. Topology Tables
            3. Feasible Successors
            4. Route States
            5. Packet Formats
            6. Internal Versus External Routes
            7. DUAL Example
        2. Lab Objective: Configuring EIGRP
          1. Configuring EIGRP Between R2, R3, and R4
            1. Lab Task 1: Place R3's S0, R2's S0, R4's S0, and R4's Loopback0 Networks into EIGRP AS 100
            2. Lab Task 2: Add R3 and R4's EO Network into EIGRP AS 100
            3. Lab Task 3 & 4: Create Two Loopback Interfaces on R4 with Specified Network Addresses, and Place R4's Loopback0 into EIGRP 100
            4. Lab Task 5: Add the Two Networks into the EIGRP Routing Domain, and Configure R4 So That All Other Routers See Only One Route to These Two Addresses
          2. Verifying EIGRP Configuration and Operation
            1. show ip protocols Command
            2. show running-config Command
            3. show ip eigrp topology Command
        3. Summary
      4. 11. Route Redistribution
        1. Fundamentals of Route Redistribution
        2. Lab Objectives
          1. Redistributing Between RIP and EIGRP
          2. Redistributing Between IGRP and EIGRP
          3. Lab Summary
      5. 12. Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)
        1. ISDN Fundamentals
          1. ISDN BRI and PRI
          2. ISDN Components
          3. Legacy DDR Concepts
        2. Lab Objectives
          1. Step 1: Enable ISDN in Global Configuration Mode by Setting the ISDN Switch Type
          2. Step 2: Assign BRI0 Interface an IP Address from Interface Configuration Mode and Bring up the Interface
          3. Step 3: Specify PPP Encapsulation in Interface Configuration Mode
          4. Step 4: Configure Static Routes Pointing to the Next-Hop Router on Opposite Ends of the ISDN Link
          5. Step 5: Specify the Interesting Traffic That Will Trigger the Link by Configuring a Dialer List from Global Configuration Mode
          6. Step 6: Configure the Number That the Router Should Call from Interface Configuration Mode by Specifying the Dial String
          7. Step 7: Configure the Dialer Idle-Timeout from Interface Configuration Mode
      6. 13. IPX
        1. Fundamentals of the IPX Protocol
        2. IPX Lab Objectives
        3. Configuring IPX on Cisco Routers
          1. Enable IPX Routing
          2. Configure IPX on Frame Relay Interfaces
          3. Configure IPX on Ethernet and Token Ring Interfaces
          4. Verifying IPX Configuration
      7. 14. Routing IPX
        1. IPX Routing Fundamentals
          1. IPX RIP
          2. IPX EIGRP
        2. Routing IPX Lab Objectives
        3. Configuring IPX RIP
          1. Split Horizon
          2. Configuring IPX EIGRP and Disabling Split Horizon
          3. IPX Route Redistribution
          4. Verifying IPX Configuration, Operation, and Connectivity
            1. show ipx interface brief Command
            2. show ipx interface Command
            3. show ipx traffic Command
            4. show ipx servers Command
            5. ping ipx Command
        4. Final Lab Results
    8. III. Access Lists, Cisco IOS Software Operations, and Troubleshooting
      1. 15. Standard and Extended Access Lists
        1. Standard/Extended Access List Fundamentals
          1. Standard Access Lists
          2. Extended Access Lists
        2. Lab Objectives
          1. Configuring Standard Access Lists
          2. Configuring Extended Access Lists
        3. Summary
      2. 16. Cisco Router Operations
        1. Lab Objectives
          1. Cisco Router Boot Sequence and Configuration
            1. Router Boot Sequence
          2. Backing Up Your Cisco IOS Software Image File
          3. Upgrading a Cisco IOS Software Image File from the TFTP Server
          4. Backing Up/Restoring Your Configuration Files to/from a TFTP Server
        2. Summary
      3. 17. Troubleshooting
        1. Scenario 1
        2. Scenario 2
        3. Scenario 3
        4. Scenario 4
        5. Summary
    9. IV. Appendixes
      1. A. Master Lab Configurations and Lab Diagrams
        1. Chapter 4 Terminal Server Configuration
        2. Chapter 6 Router Configurations
          1. R1 Configuration
          2. R2 Configuration
          3. R3 Configuration
          4. R4 Configuration
          5. R5 Configuration
          6. R6 Configuration
        3. Chapter 7 Router Configurations
          1. R1 Configuration
          2. R2 Configuration
          3. R3 Configuration
          4. R4 Configuration
          5. R5 Configuration
          6. R6 Configuration
        4. Chapter 8 Router Configurations and Diagrams
          1. R1 Configuration
          2. R2 Configuration
        5. Chapter 9 Router Configurations and Diagrams
          1. R3 Configuration
          2. R5 Configuration
        6. Chapter 10 Router Configurations and Diagrams
          1. R2 Configuration
          2. R3 Configuration
          3. R4 Configuration
        7. Chapter 11 Router Configurations
          1. R2 Configuration
          2. R3 Configuration
        8. Chapter 12 Router Configurations
          1. R5 Configuration
          2. R6 Configuration
        9. Chapter 13 Router Configurations
          1. R1 Configuration
          2. R2 Configuration
          3. R3 Configuration
          4. R4 Configuration
          5. R5 Configuration
        10. Chapter 14 Router Configurations
          1. R2 Configuration
          2. R3 Configuration
          3. R4 Configuration
        11. Chapter 15 Router Configurations and Diagrams
          1. R2 Configuration
          2. R3 Configuration
        12. Master Router Configurations, Diagrams, and Routing Tables
          1. R1 Configuration, IP Routing Table, and IPX Routing Table
          2. R2 Configuration, IP Routing Table, and IPX Routing Table
          3. R3 Configuration, IP Routing Table, and IPX Routing Table
          4. R4 Configuration, IP Routing Table, and IPX Routing Table
          5. R5 Configuration, IP Routing Table, and IPX Routing Table
          6. R6 Configuration and IP Routing Table
          7. Master Diagram
      2. B. Frame Relay Switch Configuration
        1. Frame Relay Devices
        2. Frame Relay Virtual Circuits
          1. Switched Virtual Circuits
          2. Permanent Virtual Circuits
          3. Data-Link Connection Identifier
        3. Congestion-Control Mechanisms
          1. Frame Relay Discard Eligibility
          2. Frame Relay Error Checking
        4. Frame Relay Local Management Interface
        5. Frame Relay Network Implementation
          1. Public Carrier–Provided Networks
          2. Private Enterprise Networks
        6. Frame Relay Frame Formats
          1. Standard Frame Relay Frame
          2. LMI Frame Format
        7. Frame Relay Switch Overview
        8. Configuring a Cisco Router as a Frame Relay Switch
          1. Physical Connections to the Frame Relay Switch (Cisco 2523)
          2. Steps for Configuring a Cisco Router as a Frame Relay Switch
        9. Summary
      3. C. Self-Study Lab
        1. Lab Objectives
          1. Terminal Server Configuration
          2. Cisco Catalyst Switch Configuration
          3. Cisco Router Configuration
          4. IP Addressing Assignment
          5. RIP
          6. IGRP
          7. EIGRP
          8. Route Redistribution
          9. ISDN DDR
          10. IPX
          11. IPX EIGRP
          12. IPX RIP
          13. Standard Access List
          14. Extended Access List
          15. Cisco Router Operations
        2. Hints
        3. Completed Lab Diagram
          1. Completed Router Configurations
            1. Termserver
            2. Catalyst Switch
            3. Frame Relay Switch
            4. R1
            5. R2
            6. R3
            7. R4
            8. R5
            9. R6
          2. IP and IPX Routing Tables
            1. R1
            2. R2
            3. R3
            4. R4
            5. R5
            6. R6
          3. Completed Cisco Router Operations
            1. Cisco Router IOS Backup
            2. Cisco Router IOS Upgrade
            3. Cisco Router Configuration Backup
            4. Cisco Router Network Configuration
      4. D. ISDN Simulator Configuration and Setup
        1. ISDN Simulator Physical Connections
        2. ISDN Simulator Configuration