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CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate Study Guide (Exam 640-802)

Book Description

The Best Fully Integrated Study System Available

With hundreds of practice questions and hands-on exercises, CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate Study Guide covers what you need to know-and shows you how to prepare-for this challenging exam.

• 100% complete coverage of all official objectives for exam 640-802

• Exam Readiness Checklist at the front and back of the book--you're ready for the exam when all objectives on the list are checked off

• Inside the Exam sections in every chapter highlight key exam topics covered

• Simulated exam questions match the format, tone, topics, and difficulty of the real exam

Covers all CCNA exam topics, including:

Network Topologies · OSI Reference Model · Layer-2 LAN Technologies · Bridges and Switches · WLAN · IP Addressing and Subnetting · VLSM · TCP/IP and the Transport Layer · Cisco IOS Software · Switch and Router Configuration · VLANs and Trunks · Switches and Redundancy · IOS Device Management · OSPF and EIGRP Routing · Access Control Lists · IPv6 · WAN · Frame Relay

CD-ROM includes:

• Practice test engine, powered by Boson, featuring:

• Practice exam questions

• Detailed answers with explanations

• Chapter quizzes and real exam environment simulations

• Score Report performance assessment tool

• Interactive network simulation software, powered by Boson with 20 simulated lab exercises

• 100+ instructional video clips

• Electronic book for studying on the go

Table of Contents

  1. Cover 
  2. Title
  3. Copyright
  4. About the Contributors
  5. Contents 
  6. Foreword
  7. Preface
  8. Acknowledgments
  9. Introduction
  10. Part I: Introduction to Networking
    1. 1: Networks
      1. Introduction to Networks
        1. Network Characteristics
        2. Components
        3. Network Locations
        4. Local Area Networks
        5. Wide Area Networks
      2. Network Topologies
        1. Physical and Logical Topologies
        2. Fully and Partially Meshed Topologies
      3. Introduction to Network Security
        1. Classes of Attacks
        2. Common Threats and Mitigation
        3. Two-Minute Drill
      4. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    2. 2: OSI Reference Model
      1. Introduction to the OSI Reference Model
      2. Layers of the OSI Reference Model
        1. Layer 7: The Application Layer
        2. Layer 6: The Presentation Layer
        3. Layer 5: The Session Layer
        4. Layer 4: The Transport Layer
        5. Layer 3: The Network Layer
        6. Layer 2: The Data Link Layer
        7. Layer 1: The Physical Layer
        8. Devices
      3. Encapsulation and De-encapsulation
        1. Going Down the Protocol Stack
        2. Going Up the Protocol Stack
        3. Layers and Communication
        4. Two-Minute Drill
      4. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    3. 3: Layer 2 LAN Technologies
      1. Ethernet Evolution and Standards
        1. Ethernet Operation
        2. Ethernet Implementations
        3. Framing
      2. Addressing
        1. Bit Values
        2. Power of 2
        3. Hexadecimal Conversion
        4. MAC Addresses
      3. Ethernet Connections
        1. Cabling Types
        2. Ethernet Media Types
        3. Two-Minute Drill
      4. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    4. 4: Bridges and Switches
      1. Problems and Limitations of Ethernet
        1. Distance and Extension of LANs
        2. Collisions, Collision Domains, and Congestion
      2. Solutions to Collision Problems
        1. Bridges
        2. Switches
      3. Bridges versus Switches
        1. Methods of Switching
        2. Duplexing
      4. Switching Functions
        1. Learning Function
        2. Forwarding Function
        3. Loops
        4. Two-Minute Drill
      5. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    5. 5: Wireless
      1. Wireless LAN Technologies
        1. Narrowband, Broadband, and Packet Data Solutions
        2. CSMA/CA
        3. Radio Frequency Transmission Factors
      2. WLAN Standards
        1. RF Bands
        2. 802.11 Standards
      3. WLAN Security
        1. WLAN Client Access to the Network
        2. Security Solutions
      4. WLAN Implementation
        1. Access Modes
        2. Coverage Areas
        3. Data Rates
      5. WLAN Devices
        1. Access Points
        2. Clients
        3. Troubleshooting
        4. Two-Minute Drill
      6. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
  11. Part II: TCP/IP Protocol Suite
    1. 6: TCP/IP and the Internet Layer
      1. TCP/IP Protocol Stack
        1. Internet Layer
        2. Introduction to TCP/IP Addressing
      2. TCP/IP Internet Protocols
        1. DHCP
        2. ARP
        3. ICMP
      3. TCP/IP Tools for Windows PCs
        1. ipconfig Command
        2. The ping Command
        3. The tracert Command
        4. The arp Command
        5. Two-Minute Drill
      4. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    2. 7: IP Addressing and Subnetting
      1. IP Addressing Review
        1. Distinguishing Between Classes of Addresses
        2. IP Address Components
      2. Subnetting
        1. Subnet Masks
        2. Subnet Mask Values
      3. IP Address Planning
        1. Step 1: Determine Network and Host Requirements
        2. Step 2: Satisfy Host and Network Requirements
        3. Step 3: Determine the Subnet Mask
        4. Step 4: Determine the Network Addresses
        5. Step 5: Determine the Directed Broadcast Addresses
        6. Step 6: Determine the Host Addresses
        7. Exercise 7-1: Planning IP Addressing Exercise
      4. Determining IP Address Components
        1. Six-Step Approach for Determining IP Address Components
        2. Example #1 for Determining IP Address Components
        3. Example #2 for Determining IP Address Components
        4. Example #3 for Determining IP Address Components
        5. Exercise 7-2: Determining Network, Directed Broadcast, and Host Components
        6. Two-Minute Drill
      5. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    3. 8: VLSM
      1. VLSM
        1. Features of VLSM
        2. Addressing with VLSM
        3. VLSM Example 1
        4. VLSM Example 2
      2. Route Summarization
        1. Advantages of Summarization
        2. Classless Interdomain Routing
        3. Hierarchical Addressing
        4. Routing and Subnet Masks
        5. The Routing Table
        6. Performing Summarization
        7. Exercise 8-1: Performing Route Summarization
        8. Exercise 8-2: Verifying Route Summarization
        9. Two-Minute Drill
      3. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    4. 9: TCP/IP and the Transport Layer
      1. Transport Layer Functions
        1. Flow Control
        2. Reliability
        3. Multiplexing
        4. Segmentation
      2. Transport Layer Protocols
        1. Transmission Control Protocol
        2. User Datagram Protocol
      3. TCP and UDP Applications
        1. Ports
        2. Application Mapping
      4. Session Establishment
        1. TCP’s Three-Way Handshake
        2. TCP’s Sequencing and Acknowledgments
        3. TCP’s Flow Control and Windowing
        4. Two-Minute Drill
      5. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    5. 10: Sending and Receiving TCP/IP Packets
      1. Network Components and Addressing Review
        1. Layer 1 Components
        2. Layer 2 Components
        3. Layer 3 Components
      2. End-to-End Delivery Example
        1. PC-A Acquires Addressing Information
        2. PC-A Opens Up a Session to PC-B
        3. Two-Minute Drill
      3. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
  12. Part III: Cisco Catalyst Switches
    1. 11: Cisco IOS Software
      1. Introduction to Cisco Device Configuration
        1. Router and Switch Connections
        2. Device Startup
      2. Command-Line Interface (CLI)
        1. CLI Access Modes
      3. IOS Basics
        1. Command Abbreviation and Completion
        2. Context-Sensitive Help
        3. Error Messages
        4. Entering Commands
        5. IOS Feature Example
        6. Exercise 11-1: Using IOS Features
      4. Basic IOS Configuration
        1. Accessing Configuration Mode
        2. Device Identification
        3. Subconfiguration Modes
        4. Line Configuration
        5. Interface Configuration
      5. Basic IOS Security Configuration
        1. Physical and Environmental Threats
        2. Passwords
        3. Login Banners
      6. IOS Operation and Verification
        1. Show and Debug Command Overview
        2. Running and Startup Configuration
        3. Device Version Information
        4. Interface Information
        5. Exercise 11-2: Using the CLI to Set Up a Basic Router Configuration
        6. Two-Minute Drill
      7. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    2. 12: Initial Switch Configuration
      1. 2960 Overview
        1. 2960 Chassis
        2. 2960 LEDs and MODE Button
        3. MODE Button
      2. Switch Startup
        1. Switch Bootup Process
        2. System Configuration Dialog
      3. Basic Switch Configuration
        1. IP Address and Default Gateway
        2. Example Configuration
        3. Exercise 12-1: Configuring the Switches
      4. Basic Switch Operation and Verification
        1. MAC Address Table
        2. Static MAC Addresses
        3. Exercise 12-2: CAM Tables
      5. Port Security Feature
        1. Port Security Configuration
        2. Port Security Verification
        3. Two-Minute Drill
      6. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    3. 13: VLANs and Trunks
      1. VLAN Overview
        1. Subnets and VLANs
        2. Scalability
        3. VLANs and Traffic Types
        4. VLAN Membership
      2. VLAN Connections
        1. Access-Link Connections
        2. Trunk Connections
      3. VLAN Trunk Protocol
        1. VTP Modes
        2. VTP Messages
        3. VTP Pruning
      4. VLAN Configuration
        1. Configuring VTP
        2. Configuring Trunks
        3. Exercise 13-1: Configuring Trunks on Your Switches
        4. Creating VLANs
        5. Basic Troubleshooting of VLANs and Trunks
        6. Exercise 13-2: Configuring VLANs on Your Switches
        7. Two-Minute Drill
      5. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    4. 14: Switches and Redundancy
      1. Layer 2 Redundancy
        1. Hierarchical Campus Design
        2. Layer 2 Issues
      2. Spanning Tree Protocol
        1. Bridge Protocol Data Units
        2. Root Switch
        3. Root Port
        4. Designated Port
        5. Port States
        6. Layer 2 Convergence
        7. Per-VLAN STP Plus
        8. Simple STP Example
      3. Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
        1. Additional Port Roles
        2. RSTP BPDUs
        3. RSTP Convergence Features
        4. RSTP Configuration
        5. PVST+ and RSTP Optimization
        6. Exercise 14-1: Examining STP Information on Your Switches
      4. EtherChannels
        1. EtherChannel Overview
        2. EtherChannel Configuration
      5. STP Troubleshooting
        1. Loop Identification
        2. Configuration Remedies
        3. Two-Minute Drill
      6. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
  13. Part IV: Cisco Routers and LANs
    1. 15: Routers and Routing
      1. Routing Introduction
        1. Types of Routes
        2. Autonomous Systems
        3. Administrative Distance
      2. Dynamic Routing Protocols
        1. Routing Metrics
        2. Distance Vector Protocols
        3. Link State Protocols
        4. Hybrid Protocols
      3. Distance Vector Protocol Problems and Solutions
        1. Problem: Convergence
        2. Problem: Routing Loops
        3. Two-Minute Drill
      4. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    2. 16: Initial Router Configuration
      1. Router Hardware Components
        1. Read-Only Memory (ROM)
        2. Other Components
      2. Router Bootup Process
        1. Bootstrap Program
        2. System Configuration Dialog
        3. Configuration Register
      3. AutoSecure
      4. Router Configuration
        1. Interface Configuration
        2. Subnet Zero Configuration
        3. Static Host Configuration
        4. Exercise 16-1: Using IOS Features
      5. Router-on-a-Stick
        1. Subinterface Configuration
        2. Interface Encapsulation
        3. Router-on-a-Stick Example Configuration
        4. Two-Minute Drill
      6. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    3. 17: IOS Device Management
      1. Router Configuration Files
        1. Saving Configuration Files
        2. Restoring Configuration Files
        3. Creating and Deleting Configuration Files
        4. Configuration File Nomenclature
        5. Review of Configuration Files
        6. Exercise 17-1: Manipulating Your Router’s Configuration Files
      2. Changes in Your Network
        1. Adding Devices
        2. Changing Devices
      3. IOS Image Files
        1. Naming Conventions for IOS Images
        2. Before Upgrading the IOS Image
        3. Backing Up an IOS Image
        4. Loading an IOS Image
      4. Remote Access to Your IOS Device
        1. SSH vs. Telnet Access
        2. SSH Configuration
      5. Basic Troubleshooting
        1. Local ARP Table
        2. Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)
        3. Layer 3 Connectivity Testing
        4. Layer 7 Connectivity Testing
        5. Debug Overview
        6. Exercise 17-2: Using the Router’s Troubleshooting Tools
        7. Two-Minute Drill
      6. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    4. 18: Security Device Manager
      1. Introduction to SDM
        1. PC Requirements
        2. Router Requirements and SDM Files
        3. Necessary Router Configuration
        4. Accessing SDM
      2. Basic Router Configuration Using SDM
        1. Configure Screens
        2. Interfaces
        3. DHCP Setup
      3. Basic Router Monitoring Using SDM
        1. Two-Minute Drill
      4. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
  14. Part V: Routing
    1. 19: Basic Routing
      1. Static Routes
        1. Static Route Configuration
        2. Default Route Configuration
        3. Default Routes and Distance Vector Protocols
        4. Static Route Verification and Troubleshooting
        5. Exercise 19-1: Static Route Configuration
        6. Exercise 19-2: Basic IP and Routing Troubleshooting
      2. Dynamic Routing Protocol Basics
        1. The router Command
        2. The network Command
      3. RIP
        1. RIP Operation
        2. RIP Configuration
        3. RIP Verification and Troubleshooting
        4. Exercise 19-3: Configuring RIP
        5. Exercise 19-4: Basic RIP Troubleshooting
        6. Two-Minute Drill
      4. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    2. 20: OSPF Routing
      1. OSPF Overview
        1. Hierarchical Design: Areas
        2. Metric Structure
      2. OSPF Operation
        1. Router Identities
        2. Finding Neighbors
        3. Designated and Backup Designated Routers
        4. Sharing Routing Information
      3. OSPF Configuration
        1. Loopback Interfaces
        2. Default Route Propagation
        3. OSPF Metric Values
        4. OSPF Authentication
      4. OSPF Troubleshooting
        1. The show ip protocols Command
        2. The show ip route Command
        3. The show ip ospf Command
        4. The show ip ospf interface Command
        5. The show ip ospf neighbor Command
        6. The debug ip ospf adj Command
        7. The debug ip ospf events Command
        8. The debug ip ospf packet Command
        9. Exercise 20-1: Configuring OSPF
        10. Exercise 20-2: Troubleshooting OSPF
        11. Two-Minute Drill
      5. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    3. 21: EIGRP Routing
      1. EIGRP Overview
        1. Metrics and Interoperability
        2. Routing Tables and Updates
      2. EIGRP Operation
        1. Building Neighbor Relationships
        2. Choosing Routes
      3. EIGRP Configuration
        1. EIGRP Configuration Example
        2. Other EIGRP Commands
      4. EIGRP Troubleshooting
        1. The show ip protocols Command
        2. The show ip route Command
        3. The show ip eigrp neighbors Command
        4. The show ip eigrp topology Command
        5. The show ip eigrp interfaces Command
        6. The show ip eigrp traffic Command
        7. The debug ip eigrp Command
        8. The debug eigrp packets Command
        9. Two-Minute Drill
      5. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
  15. Part VI: Advanced Cisco Router Features
    1. 22: Access Control Lists
      1. ACL Overview
        1. Definition
        2. Types
        3. Processing
      2. Basic ACL Configuration
        1. Creating an ACL
        2. Matching on Addresses: Wildcard Masks
        3. Activating an ACL
      3. ACL Types
        1. Standard Numbered ACLs
        2. Exercise 22-1: Configuring Standard Numbered ACLs
        3. Extended Numbered ACLs
        4. Named ACLs
        5. ACL Remarks
        6. Access List Verification
        7. ACL Changes
      4. ACL Placement
        1. Standard ACLs
        2. Extended ACLs
        3. Two-Minute Drill
      5. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    2. 23: Address Translation
      1. Address Translation Overview
        1. Running Out of Addresses
        2. Private Addresses
        3. Address Translation
      2. Address Translation Types
        1. Terms and Definitions
        2. Network Address Translation
        3. Port Address Translation
        4. Advantages of Address Translation
        5. Disadvantages of Address Translation
      3. Address Translation Configuration
        1. NAT Configuration
        2. PAT Configuration
        3. Address Translation Verification
      4. Translation Process and Troubleshooting
        1. Local-to-Global Translation
        2. Global-to-Local Translation
        3. Address Translation Troubleshooting
        4. Exercise 23-1: Configuring Static Address Translation
        5. Exercise 23-2: Configuring Dynamic Address Translation
        6. Two-Minute Drill
      5. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    3. 24: IPv6
      1. Necessity of IPv6
        1. Growth Issues
        2. IPv6 Features
      2. IPv6 Addressing
        1. IPv6 Address Format
        2. Types of IPv6 Addresses
      3. Address Assignment
        1. Static Address Assignment
        2. DHCPv6
        3. Stateless Autoconfiguration
      4. Routing and IPv6
        1. Supported Routing Protocols
      5. IPv6 Configuration
        1. Enabling IPv6 and Assigning Addresses
        2. RIPng
        3. Two-Minute Drill
      6. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
  16. Part VII: Cisco Routers and WANs
    1. 25: WAN Introduction
      1. Wide Area Networking Overview
        1. Equipment and Components
        2. Connection Types
        3. WAN Interfaces on Cisco Routers
        4. WAN Cabling
        5. Encapsulation Methods
      2. HDLC
        1. Frame Type
        2. Configuring HDLC
      3. PPP
        1. PPP Components
        2. Configuring PPP
        3. Troubleshooting PPP
        4. PPP Authentication
        5. Exercise 25-1: Configuring PPP
        6. Exercise 25-2: Basic PPP Troubleshooting
      4. Virtual Private Networks
        1. Benefits
        2. VPN Types
        3. IPSec
        4. Two-Minute Drill
      5. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
    2. 26: Frame Relay
      1. Virtual Circuits
        1. Fully Meshed Design
        2. Advantages of VCs
        3. Types of VCs
        4. Supported Serial Connections
      2. Frame Relay Terms
        1. LMI
        2. DLCIs
        3. VC Data Rates
        4. Congestion Control
      3. Frame Relay Configuration
        1. Encapsulation Configuration
        2. LMI Configuration
        3. Troubleshooting LMI
        4. PVC Configuration
        5. Exercise 26-1: Configuring Frame Relay
      4. Non-Broadcast Multi-Access Environments
        1. Topology Types
        2. Split Horizon Issues
        3. Solutions to Split Horizon Problems
        4. Subinterfaces
        5. Exercise 26-2: Configuring Frame Relay with Subinterfaces
        6. Two-Minute Drill
      5. Q&A: Self Test
        1. Self Test Answers
  17. Part VIII: Appendixes
    1. A: About the CD
      1. System Requirements
      2. Installing and Running the Boson NetSim LE and BEE
        1. Boson NetSim LE
        2. BEE and Practice Exams
      3. Electronic Book
      4. CertCams
      5. Help
      6. Removing Installation(s)
      7. Technical Support
    2. B:  Exam Readiness Checklist
      1. ICNDv1 (642–822) Exam
      2. ICNDv2 (642-816) Exam
  18. Glossary
  19. Index