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CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 Official Cert Guide, Volume 1, Fifth Edition

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CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 Official Cert Guide, Volume 1

Fifth Edition

CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 Official Cert Guide, Volume 1, Fifth Edition from CiscoPress enables you to succeed on the exam the first time and is the only self-study resource approved by Cisco. Expert instructors Narbik Kocharians and Peter Palúch share preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills. This first of two volumes covers LAN switching, IP networking, and IP IGP routing topics. 

This complete study package includes

--A test-preparation routine proven to help you pass the exams

--“Do I Know This Already?” quizzes, which enable you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section

--Chapter-ending exercises, which help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly

--The powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice Test software, complete with hundreds of well-reviewed, exam-realistic questions, customization options, and detailed performance reports

--A final preparation chapter, which guides you through tools and resources to help you craft your review and test-taking strategies

--Study plan suggestions and templates to help you organize and optimize your study time

Well regarded for its level of detail, study plans, assessment features, challenging review
questions and exercises, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that ensure your exam success.

CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 Official Cert Guide, Volume 1, Fifth Edition is part of a recommended learning path from Cisco that includes simulation and hands-on training from authorized Cisco Learning Partners and self-study products from Cisco Press. To find out more about instructor-led training, e-learning, and hands-on instruction offered by authorized Cisco Learning Partners worldwide, please visit www.cisco.com/go/authorizedtraining.

The official study guide helps you master topics on the CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 exams, including

--Virtual LANs and VLAN Trunking

--Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)

--IP services (ARP, NTP, DHCP, NAT, SNMP, NetFlow, and more)

--RIPv2 and RIPng

--EIGRP

--OSPF v2 and v3

--IS-IS

--Route redistribution, route summarization, default routing, and performance routing

Companion CD-ROM

The CD-ROM contains 200 practice questions for the exam.

Includes Exclusive Offer for 70% Off Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test

Pearson IT Certification Practice Test minimum system requirements: Windows XP (SP3), Windows Vista (SP2), Windows 7, or Windows 8; Microsoft .NET Framework 4.0 Client; Pentium class 1GHz processor (or equivalent); 512 MB RAM; 650 MB disc space plus 50 MB for each downloaded practice exam; access to the Internet to register and download exam databases

Table of Contents

  1. About This eBook
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. About the Authors
  5. About the Technical Reviewers
  6. Dedications
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Contents at a Glance
  9. Contents
  10. Icons Used in This Book
  11. Command Syntax Conventions
  12. Introduction
    1. Why Should I Take the CCIE Routing and Switching Written Exam?
    2. CCIE Routing and Switching Written Exam 400-101
    3. About the CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 Official Cert Guide, Volume 1, Fifth Edition
    4. Book Organization
    5. Book Features
  13. Part I: LAN Switching
    1. Chapter 1. Ethernet Basics
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. Ethernet Layer 1: Wiring, Speed, and Duplex
          1. RJ-45 Pinouts and Category 5 Wiring
          2. Autonegotiation, Speed, and Duplex
            1. CSMA/CD
            2. Collision Domains and Switch Buffering
          3. Basic Switch Port Configuration
        2. Ethernet Layer 2: Framing and Addressing
          1. Types of Ethernet Addresses
          2. Ethernet Address Formats
          3. Protocol Types and the 802.3 Length Field
        3. Switching and Bridging Logic
        4. SPAN, RSPAN, and ERSPAN
          1. Core Concepts of SPAN, RSPAN, and ERSPAN
          2. Restrictions and Conditions
          3. Basic SPAN Configuration
          4. Complex SPAN Configuration
          5. RSPAN Configuration
          6. ERSPAN Configuration
        5. Virtual Switch System
          1. Virtual Switching System
          2. VSS Active and VSS Standby Switch
          3. Virtual Switch Link
          4. Multichassis EtherChannel (MEC)
          5. Basic VSS Configuration
          6. VSS Verification Procedures
        6. IOS-XE
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Fill In Key Tables from Memory
          2. Definitions
          3. Further Reading
    2. Chapter 2. Virtual LANs and VLAN Trunking
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. Virtual LANs
          1. VLAN Configuration
            1. Using VLAN Database Mode to Create VLANs
            2. Using Configuration Mode to Put Interfaces into VLANs
            3. Using Configuration Mode to Create VLANs
            4. Modifying the Operational State of VLANs
          2. Private VLANs
        2. VLAN Trunking: ISL and 802.1Q
          1. ISL and 802.1Q Concepts
          2. ISL and 802.1Q Configuration
            1. Allowed, Active, and Pruned VLANs
            2. Trunk Configuration Compatibility
          3. Configuring Trunking on Routers
          4. 802.1Q-in-Q Tunneling
        3. VLAN Trunking Protocol
          1. VTP Process and Revision Numbers
          2. VTP Configuration
            1. Normal-Range and Extended-Range VLANs
          3. Storing VLAN Configuration
        4. Configuring PPPoE
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Fill In Key Tables from Memory
          2. Definitions
          3. Further Reading
    3. Chapter 3. Spanning Tree Protocol
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol and Improvements
          1. Choosing Which Ports Forward: Choosing Root Ports and Designated Ports
            1. Electing a Root Switch
            2. Determining the Root Port
            3. Determining the Designated Port
          2. Converging to a New STP Topology
            1. Topology Change Notification and Updating the CAM
            2. Transitioning from Blocking to Forwarding
          3. Per-VLAN Spanning Tree and STP over Trunks
          4. STP Configuration and Analysis
        2. Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
          1. New Port Roles, States and Types, and New Link Types
          2. Changes to BPDU Format and Handling
          3. Proposal/Agreement Process in RSTP
          4. Topology Change Handling in RSTP
          5. Rapid Per-VLAN Spanning Tree Plus (RPVST+)
        3. Multiple Spanning Trees: IEEE 802.1s
          1. MST Principles of Operation
          2. Interoperability Between MST and Other STP Versions
          3. MST Configuration
        4. Protecting and Optimizing STP
          1. PortFast Ports
          2. Root Guard, BPDU Guard, and BPDU Filter: Protecting Access Ports
          3. Protecting Against Unidirectional Link Issues
        5. Configuring and Troubleshooting EtherChannels
          1. Load Balancing Across Port-Channels
          2. Port-Channel Discovery and Configuration
        6. Troubleshooting Complex Layer 2 Issues
          1. Layer 2 Troubleshooting Process
          2. Layer 2 Protocol Troubleshooting and Commands
            1. Troubleshooting Using Cisco Discovery Protocol
            2. Troubleshooting Using Link Layer Discovery Protocol
            3. Troubleshooting Using Basic Interface Statistics
          3. Troubleshooting Spanning Tree Protocol
            1. Troubleshooting Trunking
            2. Troubleshooting VTP
            3. Troubleshooting EtherChannels
          4. Approaches to Resolving Layer 2 Issues
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Fill in Key Tables from Memory
          2. Definitions
          3. Further Reading
  14. Part II: IP Networking
    1. Chapter 4. IP Addressing
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. IP Operation
        2. TCP Operation
        3. UDP Operation
        4. IP Addressing and Subnetting
          1. IP Addressing and Subnetting Review
            1. Subnetting a Classful Network Number
            2. Comments on Classless Addressing
          2. Subnetting Math
            1. Dissecting the Component Parts of an IP Address
            2. Finding Subnet Numbers and Valid Range of IP Addresses—Binary
            3. Decimal Shortcuts to Find the Subnet Number and Valid Range of IP Addresses
            4. Determining All Subnets of a Network—Binary
            5. Determining All Subnets of a Network—Decimal
          3. VLSM Subnet Allocation
          4. Route Summarization Concepts
            1. Finding Inclusive Summary Routes—Binary
            2. Finding Inclusive Summary Routes—Decimal
            3. Finding Exclusive Summary Routes—Binary
        5. CIDR, Private Addresses, and NAT
          1. Classless Interdomain Routing
          2. Private Addressing
          3. Network Address Translation
            1. Static NAT
            2. Dynamic NAT Without PAT
            3. Overloading NAT with Port Address Translation
            4. Dynamic NAT and PAT Configuration
        6. IPv6
          1. IPv6 Address Format
          2. Network Prefix
          3. IPv6 Address Types
          4. Address Management and Assignment
            1. Static Configuration
            2. Stateless Address Autoconfiguration
            3. Stateful DHCPv6
            4. Stateless DHCP
          5. IPv6 Transition Technologies
            1. Dual Stack
            2. Tunneling
            3. Translation
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Fill in Key Tables from Memory
          2. Definitions
          3. Further Reading
    2. Chapter 5. IP Services
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. ARP, Proxy ARP, Reverse ARP, BOOTP, and DHCP
          1. ARP and Proxy ARP
          2. RARP, BOOTP, and DHCP
          3. DHCP
        2. HSRP, VRRP, and GLBP
        3. Network Time Protocol
        4. SNMP
          1. SNMP Protocol Messages
          2. SNMP MIBs
          3. SNMP Security
        5. Syslog
        6. Web Cache Communication Protocol
          1. Implementing the Cisco IOS IP Service Level Agreement (IP SLA) Feature
          2. Implementing NetFlow
          3. Implementing Router IP Traffic Export
          4. Implementing Cisco IOS Embedded Event Manager
          5. Implementing Remote Monitoring
          6. Implementing and Using FTP on a Router
          7. Implementing a TFTP Server on a Router
          8. Implementing Secure Copy Protocol
          9. Implementing HTTP and HTTPS Access
          10. Implementing Telnet Access
          11. Implementing SSH Access
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Fill In Key Tables from Memory
          2. Definitions
          3. Further Reading
  15. Part III: IP IGP Routing
    1. Chapter 6. IP Forwarding (Routing)
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. IP Forwarding
          1. Process Switching, Fast Switching, and Cisco Express Forwarding
          2. Load Sharing with CEF and Related Issues
        2. Multilayer Switching
          1. MLS Logic
          2. Using Routed Ports and Port-channels with MLS
          3. MLS Configuration
        3. Policy Routing
        4. Routing Protocol Changes and Migration
          1. Planning the Migration Strategy
          2. Activating New IGP While Keeping the Current IGP Intact
          3. Verifying New IGP Adjacencies and Working Database Contents
          4. Deactivating Current IGP
          5. Removing New IGP’s Temporary Settings
          6. Specifics of Distance-Vector Protocols in IGP Migration
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Fill In Key Tables from Memory
          2. Definitions
          3. Further Reading
    2. Chapter 7. RIPv2 and RIPng
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. Introduction to Dynamic Routing
        2. RIPv2 Basics
        3. RIPv2 Convergence and Loop Prevention
          1. Converged Steady-State Operation
          2. Triggered (Flash) Updates and Poisoned Routes
          3. RIPv2 Convergence When Routing Updates Cease
          4. Convergence Extras
        4. RIPv2 Configuration
          1. Enabling RIPv2 and the Effects of Autosummarization
          2. RIPv2 Authentication
          3. RIPv2 Next-Hop Feature and Split Horizon
          4. RIPv2 Offset Lists
          5. Route Filtering with Distribute Lists and Prefix Lists
        5. RIPng for IPv6
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Definitions
          2. Further Reading
    3. Chapter 8. EIGRP
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. EIGRP Basics and Evolution
          1. EIGRP Roots: Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
          2. Moving from IGRP to Enhanced IGRP
        2. EIGRP Metrics, Packets, and Adjacencies
          1. EIGRP Classic Metrics
            1. Bandwidth Metric Component
            2. Delay Metric Component
            3. Reliability Metric Component
            4. Load Metric Component
            5. MTU Metric Component
            6. Hop Count Metric Component
            7. Calculating the Composite Metric
          2. EIGRP Wide Metrics
          3. Tweaking Interface Metrics to Influence Path Selection
          4. EIGRP Packet Format
          5. EIGRP Packets
            1. EIGRP Packets in Action
            2. Hello Packets
            3. Acknowledgment Packets
            4. Update Packets
            5. Query Packet
            6. Reply Packets
            7. SIA-Query and SIA-Reply Packets
          6. Reliable Transport Protocol
          7. Router Adjacencies
        3. Diffusing Update Algorithm
          1. Topology Table
          2. Computed, Reported, and Feasible Distances, and Feasibility Condition
          3. Local and Diffusing Computations in EIGRP
          4. DUAL FSM
          5. Stuck-In-Active State
        4. EIGRP Named Mode
          1. Address Family Section
          2. Per-AF-Interface Configuration Section
          3. Per-AF-Topology Configuration Section
        5. Additional and Advanced EIGRP Features
          1. Router ID
          2. Unequal-Cost Load Balancing
          3. Add-Path Support
          4. Stub Routing
          5. Route Summarization
          6. Passive Interfaces
          7. Graceful Shutdown
          8. Securing EIGRP with Authentication
          9. Default Routing Using EIGRP
          10. Split Horizon
          11. EIGRP Over the ToP
          12. EIGRP Logging and Reporting
          13. EIGRP Route Filtering
          14. EIGRP Offset Lists
          15. Clearing the IP Routing Table
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Fill In Key Tables from Memory
          2. Definitions
          3. Further Reading
    4. Chapter 9. OSPF
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. OSPF Database Exchange
          1. OSPF Router IDs
          2. Becoming Neighbors, Exchanging Databases, and Becoming Adjacent
            1. OSPF Neighbor States
            2. Becoming Neighbors: The Hello Process
            3. Transmitting LSA Headers to Neighbors
            4. Database Description Exchange: Master/Slave Relationship
            5. Requesting, Getting, and Acknowledging LSAs
          3. Designated Routers on LANs
            1. Designated Router Optimization on LANs
            2. DR Election on LANs
          4. Designated Routers on WANs and OSPF Network Types
            1. Caveats Regarding OSPF Network Types over NBMA Networks
            2. Example of OSPF Network Types and NBMA
          5. SPF Calculation
          6. Steady-State Operation
        2. OSPF Design and LSAs
          1. OSPF Design Terms
          2. OSPF Path Selection Process
          3. LSA Types
            1. LSA Types 1 and 2
            2. LSA Type 3 and Inter-Area Costs
            3. LSA Types 4 and 5, and External Route Types 1 and 2
            4. OSPF Design in Light of LSA Types
          4. Stubby Areas
          5. OSPF Path Choices That Do Not Use Cost
            1. Choosing the Best Type of Path
            2. Best-Path Side Effects of ABR Loop Prevention
        3. OSPF Configuration
          1. OSPF Costs and Clearing the OSPF Process
            1. Alternatives to the OSPF network Command
          2. OSPF Filtering
            1. Filtering Routes Using the distribute-list Command
            2. OSPF ABR LSA Type 3 Filtering
            3. Filtering Type 3 LSAs with the area range Command
          3. Virtual Link Configuration
          4. Configuring Classic OSPF Authentication
          5. Configuring Extended Cryptographic OSPF Authentication
          6. Protecting OSPF Routers with TTL Security Check
          7. Tuning OSPF Performance
            1. Tuning the SPF Scheduling with SPF Throttling
            2. Tuning the LSA Origination with LSA Throttling
            3. Incremental SPF
            4. OSPFv2 Prefix Suppression
            5. OSPF Stub Router Configuration
            6. OSPF Graceful Restart
            7. OSPF Graceful Shutdown
        4. OSPFv3
          1. Differences Between OSPFv2 and OSPFv3
          2. Virtual Links, Address Summarization, and Other OSPFv3 Features
          3. OSPFv3 LSA Types
          4. OSPFv3 in NBMA Networks
          5. Configuring OSPFv3 over Frame Relay
          6. Enabling and Configuring OSPFv3
          7. OSPFv3 Authentication and Encryption
          8. OSPFv3 Address Family Support
          9. OSPFv3 Prefix Suppression
          10. OSPFv3 Graceful Shutdown
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Fill In Key Tables from Memory
          2. Definitions
          3. Further Reading
    5. Chapter 10. IS-IS
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. OSI Network Layer and Addressing
        2. Levels of Routing in OSI Networks
        3. IS-IS Metrics, Levels, and Adjacencies
        4. IS-IS Packet Types
          1. Hello Packets
          2. Link State PDUs
          3. Complete and Partial Sequence Numbers PDUs
        5. IS-IS Operation over Different Network Types
          1. IS-IS Operation over Point-to-Point Links
          2. IS-IS Operation over Broadcast Links
        6. Areas in IS-IS
        7. Authentication in IS-IS
        8. IPv6 Support in IS-IS
        9. Configuring IS-IS
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Fill In Key Tables from Memory
          2. Definitions
          3. Further Reading
    6. Chapter 11. IGP Route Redistribution, Route Summarization, Default Routing, and Troubleshooting
      1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
      2. Foundation Topics
        1. Route Maps, Prefix Lists, and Administrative Distance
          1. Configuring Route Maps with the route-map Command
            1. Route Map match Commands for Route Redistribution
            2. Route Map set Commands for Route Redistribution
          2. IP Prefix Lists
          3. Administrative Distance
        2. Route Redistribution
          1. Mechanics of the redistribute Command
            1. Redistribution Using Default Settings
            2. Setting Metrics, Metric Types, and Tags
          2. Redistributing a Subset of Routes Using a Route Map
          3. Mutual Redistribution at Multiple Routers
            1. Preventing Suboptimal Routes by Setting the Administrative Distance
            2. Preventing Suboptimal Routes by Using Route Tags
            3. Using Metrics and Metric Types to Influence Redistributed Routes
        3. Route Summarization
          1. EIGRP Route Summarization
          2. OSPF Route Summarization
        4. Default Routes
          1. Using Static Routes to 0.0.0.0, with redistribute static
          2. Using the default-information originate Command
          3. Using the ip default-network Command
          4. Using Route Summarization to Create Default Routes
        5. Performance Routing (PfR)
          1. Performance Routing Operational Phases
          2. Performance Routing Concepts
          3. Authentication
          4. Performance Routing Operational Roles
            1. Master Controller (MC)
            2. Border Router
          5. PfR Basic Configuration
            1. Configuration of the Master Controller
            2. Configuration of the Border Router
            3. Task Completion on R3
        6. Troubleshooting Complex Layer 3 Issues
          1. Layer 3 Troubleshooting Process
          2. Layer 3 Protocol Troubleshooting and Commands
            1. IP Routing Processes
          3. Approaches to Resolving Layer 3 Issues
      3. Foundation Summary
        1. Memory Builders
          1. Fill In Key Tables from Memory
          2. Definitions
          3. Further Reading
  16. Part IV: Final Preparation
    1. Chapter 12. Final Preparation
      1. Tools for Final Preparation
        1. Pearson Cert Practice Test Engine and Questions on the CD
          1. Install the Software from the CD
          2. Activate and Download the Practice Exam
          3. Activating Other Exams
          4. Premium Edition
        2. The Cisco Learning Network
        3. Memory Tables
        4. Chapter-Ending Review Tools
      2. Suggested Plan for Final Review/Study
        1. Using the Exam Engine
      3. Summary
  17. Part V: Appendixes
    1. Appendix A. Answers to the “Do I Know This Already?” Quizzes
      1. Chapter 1
      2. Chapter 2
      3. Chapter 3
      4. Chapter 4
      5. Chapter 5
      6. Chapter 6
      7. Chapter 7
      8. Chapter 8
      9. Chapter 9
      10. Chapter 10
      11. Chapter 11
    2. Appendix B. CCIE Exam Updates
  18. Index
  19. Appendix C. Decimal to Binary Conversion Table
  20. Appendix D. IP Addressing Practice
    1. Subnetting Practice
    2. 25 Subnetting Questions
      1. Suggestions on How to Attack the Problem
      2. Question 1: Answer
      3. Question 2: Answer
      4. Question 3: Answer
      5. Question 4: Answer
      6. Question 5: Answer
      7. Question 6: Answer
      8. Question 7: Answer
      9. Question 8: Answer
      10. Question 9: Answer
      11. Question 10: Answer
      12. Question 11: Answer
      13. Question 12: Answer
      14. Question 13: Answer
      15. Question 14: Answer
      16. Question 15: Answer
      17. Question 16: Answer
      18. Question 17: Answer
      19. Question 18: Answer
      20. Question 19: Answer
      21. Question 20: Answer
      22. Question 21: Answer
      23. Question 22: Answer
      24. Question 23: Answer
      25. Question 24: Answer
      26. Question 25: Answer
    3. Discovering All Subnets When Using SLSM: 13 Questions
      1. Question 1: Answer
      2. Question 2: Answer
      3. Question 3: Answer
      4. Question 4: Answer
      5. Question 5: Answer
      6. Question 6: Answer
      7. Question 7: Answer
      8. Question 8: Answer
      9. Question 9: Answer
      10. Question 10: Answer
      11. Question 11: Answer
      12. Question 12: Answer
      13. Question 13: Answer
    4. Discovering the Smallest Inclusive Summary Route: 10 Questions
      1. Question 1: Answer
      2. Question 2: Answer
      3. Question 3: Answer
      4. Question 4: Answer
      5. Question 5: Answer
      6. Question 6: Answer
      7. Question 7: Answer
      8. Question 8: Answer
      9. Question 9: Answer
      10. Question 10: Answer
    5. Discovering the Smallest Exclusive Summary Routes: 5 Questions
      1. Question 1: Answer
      2. Question 2: Answer
      3. Question 3: Answer
      4. Question 4: Answer
      5. Question 5: Answer
  21. Appendix E. Key Tables for CCIE Study
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
  22. Appendix F. Solutions for Key Tables for CCIE Study
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
  23. Appendix G. Study Planner
  24. Glossary