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CCENT/CCNA ICND1 100-101 Official Cert Guide

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The Publisher regrets that the CD/DVD content for this title cannot be made available Online.

Cisco Press is the official publisher for the New CCENT Certification. The New Edition of this Best-Selling Official Cert Guide includes Updated Content, New Exercises, 400 Practice Questions, and 90 Minutes of Video Training -- PLUS the CCENT Network Simulator Lite Edition with lab exercises. The CCENT Certification is now the only prerequisite for the CCNA Routing and Switching, CCNA Voice, CCNA Wireless,CCNA Security and CCDA Certifications.

Cisco CCENT/CCNA ICND1 100-101 Official Cert Guide from Cisco Press enables you to succeed on the exam the first time. Best-selling author and expert instructor Wendell Odom shares preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills.

This complete study package includes

  • A test-preparation routine proven to help you pass the exam

  • Do I Know This Already? quizzes, which enable you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section

  • Chapter-ending and part-ending exercises, which help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly

  • Troubleshooting sections, which help you master the complex scenarios you will face on the exam

  • The powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice Test software, complete with hundreds of well-reviewed, exam-realistic questions, customization options, and detailed performance reports

  • A free copy of the CCENT/CCNA ICND1 100-101 Network Simulator Lite software, complete with meaningful lab exercises that help you hone your hands-on skills with the command-line interface for routers and switches

  • More than 90 minutes of video mentoring from the author

  • A final preparation chapter, which guides you through tools and resources to help you craft your review and test-taking strategies

  • Study plan suggestions and templates to help you organize and optimize your study time

  • This official study guide helps you master all the topics on the CCENT/CCNA ICND1 exam, including

  • Networking fundamentals

  • Ethernet LANs and switches

  • IPv4 addressing and subnetting

  • Operating Cisco routers

  • Configuring OSPF

  • ACLs and NAT

  • IPv6 fundamentals

  • Wendell Odom, CCIE® No. 1624, is the most respected author of Cisco networking books in the world. His past titles include books on the entry-level Cisco certifications (CCENT and CCNA), the more advanced CCNP, and the industry-renowned CCIE. His books are known for their technical depth and accuracy. Wendell has worked as a network engineer, consultant, instructor, course developer, and book author, and he has produced videos, software, and blogs related to Cisco certifications. His website, with links to various study tools and resources, is at www.certskills.com.

    Well regarded for its level of detail, study plans, assessment features, challenging review questions and exercises, video instruction, and hands-on labs, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that ensure your exam success.

    This volume is part of the Official Cert Guide series from Cisco Press. Books in this series provide officially developed exam preparation materials that offer assessment, review, and practice to help Cisco Career Certification candidates identify weaknesses, concentrate their study efforts, and enhance their confidence as exam day nears.

    Table of Contents

    1. About This eBook
    2. Title Page
    3. Copyright Page
    4. About the Author
    5. About the Technical Reviewer
    6. Dedication
    7. Acknowledgments
    8. Contents at a Glance
    9. Contents
    10. Icons Used in This Book
    11. Command Syntax Conventions
    12. Introduction
      1. About the Exams
        1. The Exams That Help You Achieve CCENT and CCNA
        2. Types of Questions on the Exams
        3. What’s on the CCNA Exam(s)?
          1. ICND1 Exam Topics
          2. ICND2 Exam Topics
          3. 200-120 CCNA Exam Topics
      2. About This Book
        1. Book Features
          1. Chapter Features
          2. Part Review
          3. Final Prep Tasks
          4. Other Features
        2. Book Organization, Chapters, and Appendixes
      3. Reference Information
        1. Install the Pearson IT Certification Practice Test Engine and Questions
          1. Install the Software from the DVD
          2. Activate and Download the Practice Exam
          3. Activating Other Products
        2. PCPT Exam Databases with This Book
          1. How to View Only DIKTA Questions by Part
          2. How to View Only Part Review Questions by Part
        3. About Mind Maps
          1. Mind Map Mechanics
          2. About Mind Maps Used During Part Review
        4. About Building Hands-On Skills
          1. Overview of Lab Options
          2. A Quick Start with Pearson Network Simulator Lite
      4. For More Information
    13. Getting Started
      1. A Brief Perspective on Cisco Certification Exams
      2. Suggestions for How to Approach Your Study with This Book
        1. Not One Book: 29 Short Read-and-Review Sessions
        2. For Each Chapter, Do Not Neglect Practice
        3. Use Book Parts for Major Milestones
        4. Use the Final Review Chapter to Refine Skills
        5. Set Goals and Track Your Progress
      3. Two Options When Studying for the 200-120 CCNA Exam
      4. Other Small Tasks Before Getting Started
      5. Getting Started—Now
    14. Part I: Networking Fundamentals
      1. Chapter 1. The TCP/IP and OSI Networking Models
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Perspectives on Networking
          2. TCP/IP Networking Model
            1. History Leading to TCP/IP
            2. Overview of the TCP/IP Networking Model
            3. TCP/IP Application Layer
              1. HTTP Overview
              2. HTTP Protocol Mechanisms
            4. TCP/IP Transport Layer
              1. TCP Error Recovery Basics
              2. Same-Layer and Adjacent-Layer Interactions
            5. TCP/IP Network Layer
              1. Internet Protocol and the Postal Service
              2. Internet Protocol Addressing Basics
              3. IP Routing Basics
            6. TCP/IP Link Layer (Data Link Plus Physical)
            7. TCP/IP Model and Terminology
              1. Comparing the Original and Modern TCP/IP Models
              2. Data Encapsulation Terminology
              3. Names of TCP/IP Messages
          3. OSI Networking Model
            1. Comparing OSI and TCP/IP
            2. Describing Protocols by Referencing the OSI Layers
            3. OSI Layers and Their Functions
            4. OSI Layering Concepts and Benefits
            5. OSI Encapsulation Terminology
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Definitions of Key Terms
      2. Chapter 2. Fundamentals of Ethernet LANs
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. An Overview of LANs
            1. Typical SOHO LANs
            2. Typical Enterprise LANs
            3. The Variety of Ethernet Physical Layer Standards
            4. Consistent Behavior over All Links Using the Ethernet Data Link Layer
          2. Building Physical Ethernet Networks with UTP
            1. Transmitting Data Using Twisted Pairs
            2. Breaking Down a UTP Ethernet Link
            3. UTP Cabling Pinouts for 10BASE-T and 100BASE-T
              1. Straight-Through Cable Pinout
              2. Crossover Cable Pinout
              3. Choosing the Right Cable Pinouts
            4. UTP Cabling Pinouts for 1000BASE-T
          3. Sending Data in Ethernet Networks
            1. Ethernet Data Link Protocols
              1. Ethernet Addressing
              2. Identifying Network Layer Protocols with the Ethernet Type Field
              3. Error Detection with FCS
            2. Sending Ethernet Frames with Switches and Hubs
              1. Sending in Modern Ethernet LANs Using Full-Duplex
              2. Using Half-Duplex with LAN Hubs
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
      3. Chapter 3. Fundamentals of WANs
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Leased Line WANs
            1. Positioning Leased Lines with LANs and Routers
            2. Physical Details of Leased Lines
              1. Leased Line Cabling
              2. Building a WAN Link in a Lab
            3. Data Link Details of Leased Lines
              1. HDLC Basics
              2. How Routers Use a WAN Data Link
          2. Ethernet as a WAN Technology
            1. Ethernet WANs that Create a Layer 2 Service
            2. How Routers Route IP Packets Using Ethernet Emulation
          3. Accessing the Internet
            1. The Internet as a Large WAN
            2. Internet Access (WAN) Links
            3. Digital Subscriber Line
            4. Cable Internet
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
      4. Chapter 4. Fundamentals of IPv4 Addressing and Routing
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Overview of Network Layer Functions
            1. Network Layer Routing (Forwarding) Logic
              1. Host Forwarding Logic: Send the Packet to the Default Router
              2. R1 and R2’s Logic: Routing Data Across the Network
              3. R3’s Logic: Delivering Data to the End Destination
            2. How Network Layer Routing Uses LANs and WANs
            3. IP Addressing and How Addressing Helps IP Routing
            4. Routing Protocols
          2. IPv4 Addressing
            1. Rules for IP Addresses
            2. Rules for Grouping IP Addresses
              1. Class A, B, and C IP Networks
              2. The Actual Class A, B, and C IP Networks
            3. IP Subnetting
          3. IPv4 Routing
            1. IPv4 Host Routing
            2. Router Forwarding Decisions and the IP Routing Table
              1. A Summary of Router Forwarding Logic
              2. A Detailed Routing Example
          4. IPv4 Routing Protocols
          5. Other Network Layer Features
            1. Using Names and the Domain Name System
              1. The Address Resolution Protocol
            2. ICMP Echo and the ping Command
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
      5. Chapter 5. Fundamentals of TCP/IP Transport and Applications
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. TCP/IP Layer 4 Protocols: TCP and UDP
            1. Transmission Control Protocol
              1. Multiplexing Using TCP Port Numbers
              2. Popular TCP/IP Applications
              3. Connection Establishment and Termination
            2. User Datagram Protocol
          2. TCP/IP Applications
            1. QoS Needs and the Impact of TCP/IP Applications
              1. Defining Interactive and Batch Applications
              2. Real-Time Voice and Video Applications
            2. The World Wide Web, HTTP, and SSL
              1. Uniform Resource Locators
              2. Finding the Web Server Using DNS
              3. Transferring Files with HTTP
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
      6. Part I Review
        1. Repeat All DIKTA Questions
        2. Answer Part Review Questions
        3. Review Key Topics
        4. Create Terminology Mind Maps
    15. Part II: Ethernet LANs and Switches
      1. Chapter 6. Building Ethernet LANs with Switches
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. LAN Switching Concepts
            1. Historical Progression: Hubs, Bridges, and Switches
            2. Switching Logic
              1. The Forward-Versus-Filter Decision
              2. How Switches Learn MAC Addresses
              3. Flooding Frames
              4. Avoiding Loops Using Spanning Tree Protocol
              5. Internal Processing on Cisco Switches
            3. LAN Switching Summary
          2. Design Choices in Ethernet LANs
            1. Collision Domains, Broadcast Domains, and VLANs
              1. Collision Domains
              2. Broadcast Domains
              3. The Impact of Collision and Broadcast Domains on LAN Design
              4. Virtual LANs (VLAN)
            2. Choosing Ethernet Technology for a Campus LAN
              1. Campus Design Terminology
              2. Ethernet LAN Media and Cable Lengths
            3. Autonegotiation
              1. Autonegotiation Results When Only One Node Uses Autonegotiation
              2. Autonegotiation and LAN Hubs
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
      2. Chapter 7. Installing and Operating Cisco LAN Switches
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Accessing the Cisco Catalyst 2960 Switch CLI
            1. Cisco Catalyst Switches and the 2960 Switch
            2. Switch Status from LEDs
            3. Accessing the Cisco IOS CLI
              1. Cabling the Console Connection
              2. Configuring the Terminal Emulator for the Console
              3. Accessing the CLI with Telnet and SSH
              4. Password Security for CLI Access
            4. User and Enable (Privileged) Modes
            5. CLI Help Features
            6. The debug and show Commands
          2. Configuring Cisco IOS Software
            1. Configuration Submodes and Contexts
            2. Storing Switch Configuration Files
            3. Copying and Erasing Configuration Files
            4. Initial Configuration (Setup Mode)
            5. IOS Version and Other Reload Facts
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Command References
      3. Chapter 8. Configuring Ethernet Switching
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Configuration of Features in Common with Routers
            1. Securing the Switch CLI
              1. Securing Access with Simple Passwords
              2. Securing Access with Local Usernames and Passwords
              3. Securing Access with External Authentication Servers
              4. Configuring Secure Shell (SSH)
            2. Encrypting and Hiding Passwords
              1. Encrypting Passwords with the service password Command
              2. Hiding the Enable Password
              3. Hiding the Passwords for Local Usernames
            3. Console and vty Settings
              1. Banners
              2. History Buffer Commands
              3. The logging synchronous and exec-timeout Commands
          2. LAN Switch Configuration and Operation
            1. Enabling IP for Remote Access
              1. Configuring IPv4 on a Switch
              2. Verifying IPv4 on a Switch
            2. Configuring Switch Interfaces
            3. Port Security
              1. Configuring Port Security
              2. Verifying Port Security
              3. Port Security Actions
            4. Securing Unused Switch Interfaces
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Command References
      4. Chapter 9. Implementing Ethernet Virtual LANs
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Virtual LAN Concepts
            1. Creating Multiswitch VLANs Using Trunking
              1. VLAN Tagging Concepts
              2. The 802.1Q and ISL VLAN Trunking Protocols
            2. Forwarding Data Between VLANs
              1. Routing Packets Between VLANs with a Router
              2. Routing Packets with a Layer 3 Switch
          2. VLAN and VLAN Trunking Configuration and Verification
            1. Creating VLANs and Assigning Access VLANs to an Interface
              1. VLAN Configuration Example 1: Full VLAN Configuration
              2. VLAN Configuration Example 2: Shorter VLAN Configuration
            2. VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP)
            3. VLAN Trunking Configuration
              1. Controlling Which VLANs Can Be Supported on a Trunk
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Command Reference to Check Your Memory
      5. Chapter 10. Troubleshooting Ethernet LANs
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Perspectives on Network Verification and Troubleshooting
            1. Preparing to Use an Organized Troubleshooting Process
            2. Troubleshooting as Covered in This Book
          2. Analyzing LAN Topology Using Cisco Discovery Protocol
            1. Examining Information Learned by CDP
            2. Examining the Status of the CDP Protocols
          3. Analyzing Switch Interface Status
            1. Interface Status Codes and Reasons for Nonworking States
            2. Interface Speed and Duplex Issues
            3. Common Layer 1 Problems on Working Interfaces
          4. Predicting Where Switches Will Forward Frames
            1. Predicting the Contents of the MAC Address Table
            2. Analyzing the Forwarding Path
            3. Port Security and Filtering
          5. Analyzing VLANs and VLAN Trunks
            1. Ensuring That the Right Access Interfaces Are in the Right VLANs
            2. Access VLANs Not Being Defined
            3. Access VLANs Being Disabled
            4. Check the Allowed VLAN List on Both Ends of a Trunk
            5. Mismatched Trunking Operational States
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Command References
      6. Part II Review
        1. Repeat All DIKTA Questions
        2. Answer Part Review Questions
        3. Review Key Topics
        4. Create Command Mind Map by Category
    16. Part III: IP Version 4 Addressing and Subnetting
      1. Chapter 11. Perspectives on IPv4 Subnetting
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Introduction to Subnetting
            1. Subnetting Defined Through a Simple Example
            2. Operational View Versus Design View of Subnetting
          2. Analyze Subnetting and Addressing Needs
            1. Rules About Which Hosts Are in Which Subnet
            2. Determining the Number of Subnets
            3. Determining the Number of Hosts per Subnet
            4. One Size Subnet Fits All—Or Not
              1. Defining the Size of a Subnet
              2. One Size Subnet Fits All
              3. Multiple Subnet Sizes (Variable-Length Subnet Masks)
              4. This Book: One Size Subnet Fits All (Mostly)
          3. Make Design Choices
            1. Choose a Classful Network
              1. Public IP Networks
              2. Growth Exhausts the Public IP Address Space
              3. Private IP Networks
              4. Choosing an IP Network During the Design Phase
            2. Choose the Mask
              1. Classful IP Networks Before Subnetting
              2. Borrowing Host Bits to Create Subnet Bits
              3. Choosing Enough Subnet and Host Bits
              4. Example Design: 172.16.0.0, 200 Subnets, 200 Hosts
              5. Masks and Mask Formats
            3. Build a List of All Subnets
          4. Plan the Implementation
            1. Assigning Subnets to Different Locations
            2. Choose Static and Dynamic Ranges per Subnet
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
      2. Chapter 12. Analyzing Classful IPv4 Networks
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Classful Network Concepts
            1. IPv4 Network Classes and Related Facts
              1. Actual Class A, B, and C Networks
              2. Address Formats
              3. Default Masks
            2. Number of Hosts per Network
            3. Deriving the Network ID and Related Numbers
              1. Unusual Network IDs and Network Broadcast Addresses
          2. Practice with Classful Networks
            1. Practice Deriving Key Facts Based on an IP Address
            2. Practice Remembering the Details of Address Classes
            3. Additional Practice
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Practice
        4. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
          1. Answers to Practice Problem 7 (From Table 12-5)
          2. Answers to Practice Problem 8 (From Table 12-5)
          3. Answers to Practice Problem 9 (From Table 12-5)
      3. Chapter 13. Analyzing Subnet Masks
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Subnet Mask Conversion
            1. Three Mask Formats
            2. Converting Between Binary and Prefix Masks
            3. Converting Between Binary and DDN Masks
            4. Converting Between Prefix and DDN Masks
            5. Practice Converting Subnet Masks
          2. Identifying Subnet Design Choices Using Masks
            1. Masks Divide the Subnet’s Addresses into Two Parts
            2. Masks and Class Divide Addresses into Three Parts
            3. Classless and Classful Addressing
            4. Calculations Based on the IPv4 Address Format
            5. Practice Analyzing Subnet Masks
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Practice
        4. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
      4. Chapter 14. Analyzing Existing Subnets
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Defining a Subnet
            1. An Example with Network 172.16.0.0 and Four Subnets
            2. Subnet ID Concepts
            3. Subnet Broadcast Address
            4. Range of Usable Addresses
          2. Analyzing Existing Subnets: Binary
            1. Finding the Subnet ID: Binary
            2. Finding the Subnet Broadcast Address: Binary
            3. Binary Practice Problems
            4. Shortcut for the Binary Process
            5. Brief Note About Boolean Math
            6. Finding the Range of Addresses
          3. Analyzing Existing Subnets: Decimal
            1. Analysis with Easy Masks
            2. Predictability in the Interesting Octet
            3. Finding the Subnet ID: Difficult Masks
              1. Resident Subnet Example 1
              2. Resident Subnet Example 2
              3. Resident Subnet Practice Problems
            4. Finding the Subnet Broadcast Address: Difficult Masks
              1. Subnet Broadcast Example 1
              2. Subnet Broadcast Example 2
              3. Subnet Broadcast Address Practice Problems
          4. Practice Analyzing Existing Subnets
            1. A Choice: Memorize or Calculate
            2. Additional Practice
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Practice
        4. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
      5. Part III Review
        1. Repeat All DIKTA Questions
        2. Answer Part Review Questions
        3. Review Key Topics
        4. Create Terminology Mind Map
        5. Create Subnet Math Mind Maps
    17. Part IV: Implementing IP Version 4
      1. Chapter 15. Operating Cisco Routers
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Installing Cisco Routers
            1. Installing Enterprise Routers
              1. Cisco Integrated Services Routers
              2. Physical Installation
            2. Installing Internet Access Routers
              1. A SOHO Installation with a Separate Switch, Router, and Cable Modem
              2. A SOHO Installation with an Integrated Switch, Router, and DSL Modem
          2. Enabling IPv4 Support on Cisco Routers
            1. Comparisons Between the Switch CLI and Router CLI
            2. Router Interfaces
              1. Interface Status Codes
              2. Router Interface IP Addresses
              3. Bandwidth and Clock Rate on Serial Interfaces
            3. Router Auxiliary (Aux) Port
            4. Operational Status with the show version Command
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Command References
      2. Chapter 16. Configuring IPv4 Addresses and Routes
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. IP Routing
            1. IPv4 Routing Process Reference
            2. An Example of IP Routing
              1. Host Forwards the IP Packet to the Default Router (Gateway)
              2. Routing Step 1: Decide Whether to Process the Incoming Frame
              3. Routing Step 2: Deencapsulation of the IP Packet
              4. Routing Step 3: Choosing Where to Forward the Packet
              5. Routing Step 4: Encapsulating the Packet in a New Frame
              6. Routing Step 5: Transmitting the Frame
            3. Internal Processing on Cisco Routers
              1. Potential Routing Performance Issues
              2. Cisco Router Fast Switching and CEF
          2. Configuring Connected Routes
            1. Connected Routes and the ip address Command
            2. Routing Between Subnets on VLANs
              1. Configuring Routing to VLANs using 802.1Q on Routers
              2. Configuring Routing to VLANs Using a Layer 3 Switch
            3. Secondary IP Addressing
            4. Supporting Connected Routes to Subnet Zero
          3. Configuring Static Routes
            1. Static Route Configuration
            2. Static Default Routes
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Command Reference to Check Your Memory
      3. Chapter 17. Learning IPv4 Routes with OSPFv2
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Comparing Dynamic Routing Protocol Features
            1. Routing Protocol Functions
            2. Interior and Exterior Routing Protocols
            3. Comparing IGPs
              1. IGP Routing Protocol Algorithms
              2. Metrics
              3. Other IGP Comparisons
            4. Administrative Distance
          2. Understanding the OSPF Link-State Routing Protocol
            1. Building the LSDB and Creating IP Routes
              1. Topology Information and LSAs
              2. Applying Dijkstra SPF Math to Find the Best Routes
            2. Using OSPF Neighbor Relationships
              1. The Basics of OSPF Neighbors
              2. Meeting Neighbors and Learning Their Router ID
            3. Scaling OSPF Through Hierarchical Design
          3. OSPF Configuration
            1. OSPF Single-Area Configuration
              1. Matching with the OSPF network Command
              2. Verifying OSPF
            2. Configuring the OSPF Router ID
            3. Miscellaneous OSPF Configuration Settings
              1. OSPF Passive Interfaces
              2. OSPF Default Routes
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Command Reference to Check Your Memory
      4. Chapter 18. Configuring and Verifying Host Connectivity
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Configuring Routers to Support DHCP
            1. DHCP Protocol Messages and Addresses
            2. Supporting DHCP for Remote Subnets with DHCP Relay
            3. Information Stored at the DHCP Server
            4. DHCP Server Configuration and Verification on Routers
              1. IOS DHCP Server Configuration
              2. IOS DHCP Server Verification
              3. Detecting Conflicts with Offered Versus Used Addresses
          2. Verifying Host IPv4 Settings
            1. IP Address and Mask Configuration
            2. Name Resolution with DNS
            3. Default Routers
          3. Testing Connectivity with ping, traceroute, and telnet
            1. The ping Command
              1. Testing IP Routes with ping on a Router
              2. Controlling the Source IP Address with Extended ping
            2. The traceroute Command
              1. How the traceroute Command Works
              2. traceroute and Similar Commands
            3. Telnet and Suspend
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Definitions of Key Terms
          3. Command Reference to Check Your Memory
      5. Part IV Review
        1. Repeat All DIKTA Questions
        2. Answer Part Review Questions
        3. Review Key Topics
        4. Create Command Mind Map by Category
    18. Part V: Advanced IPv4 Addressing Concepts
      1. Chapter 19. Subnet Design
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Choosing the Mask(s) to Meet Requirements
            1. Review: Choosing the Minimum Number of Subnet and Host Bits
            2. No Masks Meet Requirements
            3. One Mask Meets Requirements
            4. Multiple Masks Meet Requirements
              1. Finding All the Masks: Concepts
              2. Finding All the Masks: Math
              3. Choosing the Best Mask
            5. The Formal Process
            6. Practice Choosing Subnet Masks
              1. Practice Problems for Choosing a Subnet Mask
              2. Additional Practice for Choosing the Subnet Mask
          2. Finding All Subnet IDs
            1. First Subnet ID: The Zero Subnet
            2. Finding the Pattern Using the Magic Number
            3. A Formal Process with Less Than 8 Subnet Bits
              1. Example 1: Network 172.16.0.0, Mask 255.255.240.0
              2. Example 2: Network 192.168.1.0, Mask 255.255.255.224
            4. Finding All Subnets with Exactly 8 Subnet Bits
            5. Finding All Subnets with More Than 8 Subnet Bits
              1. Process with 9–16 Subnet Bits
              2. Process with 17 or More Subnet Bits
            6. Practice Finding All Subnet IDs
              1. Practice Problems for Finding All Subnet IDs
              2. Additional Practice for Finding All Subnet IDs
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Definitions of Key Terms
          3. Practice
        4. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
          1. Answers to Practice Choosing Subnet Masks
          2. Answers to Practice Finding All Subnet IDs
            1. Answer, Practice Problem 1
            2. Answer, Practice Problem 2
            3. Answer, Practice Problem 3
      2. Chapter 20. Variable-Length Subnet Masks
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. VLSM Concepts and Configuration
            1. Classless and Classful Routing Protocols
            2. VLSM Configuration and Verification
          2. Finding VLSM Overlaps
            1. An Example of Finding a VLSM Overlap
            2. Practice Finding VLSM Overlaps
          3. Adding a New Subnet to an Existing VLSM Design
            1. An Example of Adding a New VLSM Subnet
            2. Practice Adding New VLSM Subnets
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Appendix H Practice Problems
        4. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
          1. Answers to Practice Finding VLSM Overlaps
          2. Answers to Practice Adding VLSM Subnets
            1. Problem 1
            2. Problem 2
            3. Problem 3
            4. Problem 4
      3. Chapter 21. Route Summarization
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Manual Route Summarization Concepts
            1. Route Summarization Basics
            2. Route Summarization and the IPv4 Subnetting Plan
            3. Verifying Manually Summarized Routes
          2. Choosing the Best Summary Routes
            1. The Process to Find the Best Summary Route
            2. Sample “Best” Summary on Router R3
            3. Sample “Best” Summary on Router R2
            4. Practice Choosing the Best Summary Routes
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Appendix I Practice Problems
          3. Definition of Key Terms
        4. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
          1. Problem 1
          2. Problem 2
          3. Problem 3
          4. Problem 4
      4. Part V Review
        1. Repeat All DIKTA Questions
        2. Answer Part Review Questions
        3. Review Key Topics
        4. Create Process Mind Map
    19. Part VI: IPv4 Services
      1. Chapter 22. Basic IPv4 Access Control Lists
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. IPv4 Access Control List Basics
            1. ACL Location and Direction
            2. Matching Packets
            3. Taking Action When a Match Occurs
            4. Types of IP ACLs
          2. Standard Numbered IPv4 ACLs
            1. List Logic with IP ACLs
            2. Matching Logic and Command Syntax
              1. Matching the Exact IP Address
              2. Matching a Subset of the Address with Wildcards
              3. Binary Wildcard Masks
              4. Finding the Right Wildcard Mask to Match a Subnet
              5. Matching Any/All Addresses
            3. Implementing Standard IP ACLs
              1. Standard Numbered ACL Example 1
              2. Standard Numbered ACL Example 2
            4. Troubleshooting and Verification Tips
          3. Practice Applying Standard IP ACLs
            1. Practice Building access-list Commands
            2. Reverse Engineering from ACL to Address Range
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Definitions of Key Terms
          3. Appendix J Practice Problems
          4. Command Reference to Check Your Memory
        4. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
      2. Chapter 23. Advanced IPv4 ACLs and Device Security
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Extended Numbered IP Access Control Lists
            1. Matching the Protocol, Source IP, and Destination IP
            2. Matching TCP and UDP Port Numbers
            3. Extended IP ACL Configuration
              1. Extended IP Access Lists: Example 1
              2. Extended IP Access Lists: Example 2
            4. Practice Building access-list Commands
          2. Named ACLs and ACL Editing
            1. Named IP Access Lists
            2. Editing ACLs Using Sequence Numbers
            3. Numbered ACL Configuration Versus Named ACL Configuration
          3. Router and Switch Security
            1. Review: Password Protections for the CLI
            2. Disable Services
            3. Controlling Telnet and SSH Access with ACLs
            4. ACL Implementation Considerations
            5. Network Time Protocol
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Definitions of Key Terms
          3. Command Reference to Check Your Memory
        4. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
      3. Chapter 24. Network Address Translation
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Perspectives on IPv4 Address Scalability
            1. CIDR
              1. Route Aggregation for Shorter Routing Tables
              2. IPv4 Address Conservation
            2. Private Addressing
          2. Network Address Translation Concepts
            1. Static NAT
            2. Dynamic NAT
            3. Overloading NAT with Port Address Translation (PAT)
            4. NAT Overload (PAT) on Consumer Routers
          3. NAT Configuration and Troubleshooting
            1. Static NAT Configuration
            2. Dynamic NAT Configuration
            3. Dynamic NAT Verification
            4. NAT Overload (PAT) Configuration
            5. NAT Troubleshooting
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Command Reference to Check Your Memory
      4. Part VI Review
        1. Repeat All DIKTA Questions
        2. Answer Part Review Questions
        3. Review Key Topics
        4. Create Command Mind Map by Category
    20. Part VII: IP Version 6
      1. Chapter 25. Fundamentals of IP Version 6
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Introduction to IPv6
            1. The Historical Reasons for IPv6
            2. The IPv6 Protocols
            3. IPv6 Routing
            4. IPv6 Routing Protocols
          2. IPv6 Addressing Formats and Conventions
            1. Representing Full (Unabbreviated) IPv6 Addresses
            2. Abbreviating and Expanding IPv6 Addresses
              1. Abbreviating IPv6 Addresses
              2. Expanding Abbreviated IPv6 Addresses
            3. Representing the Prefix Length of an Address
            4. Calculating the IPv6 Prefix (Subnet ID)
              1. Finding the IPv6 Prefix
              2. Working with More Difficult IPv6 Prefix Lengths
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Additional Practice with IPv6 Address Abbreviations
        4. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
      2. Chapter 26. IPv6 Addressing and Subnetting
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Global Unicast Addressing Concepts
            1. A Brief Review of Public and Private IPv4 Addresses
              1. Review of Public IPv4 Addressing Concepts
              2. Review of Private IPv4 Addressing Concepts
              3. Public and Private IPv6 Addresses
            2. The IPv6 Global Routing Prefix
            3. Address Ranges for Global Unicast Addresses
            4. IPv6 Subnetting Using Global Unicast Addresses
              1. Deciding Where IPv6 Subnets Are Needed
              2. The Mechanics of Subnetting IPv6 Global Unicast Addresses
              3. Listing the IPv6 Subnet Identifier
              4. List All IPv6 Subnets
              5. Assign Subnets to the Internetwork Topology
            5. Assigning Addresses to Hosts in a Subnet
          2. Unique Local Unicast Addresses
            1. Subnetting with Unique Local IPv6 Addresses
            2. The Need for Globally Unique Local Addresses
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
      3. Chapter 27. Implementing IPv6 Addressing on Routers
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Implementing Unicast IPv6 Addresses on Routers
            1. Static Unicast Address Configuration
              1. Configuring the Full 128-Bit Address
              2. Enabling IPv6 Routing
              3. Verifying the IPv6 Address Configuration
              4. Generating a Unique Interface ID Using EUI-64
            2. Dynamic Unicast Address Configuration
          2. Special Addresses Used by Routers
            1. Link-Local Addresses
              1. Link-Local Address Concepts
              2. Creating Link-Local Addresses on Routers
            2. IPv6 Multicast Addresses
              1. Broadcasts Versus Multicasts
              2. Common Local Scope Multicast Addresses
              3. Solicited-Node Multicast Addresses
            3. Miscellaneous IPv6 Addresses
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Additional Practice with IPv6 Address Abbreviations
          5. Command Reference to Check Your Memory
        4. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
      4. Chapter 28. Implementing IPv6 Addressing on Hosts
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. The Neighbor Discovery Protocol
            1. Discovering Routers with NDP RS and RA
            2. Discovering Addressing Info for SLAAC with NDP RS and RA
            3. Discovering Neighbor Link Addresses with NDP NS and NA
            4. Discovering Duplicate Addresses Using NDP NS and NA
            5. NDP Summary
          2. Dynamic Configuration of Host IPv6 Settings
            1. Dynamic Configuration Using Stateful DHCP and NDP
              1. Differences Between DHCPv6 and DHCPv4
              2. DHCPv6 Relay Agents
            2. Using Stateless Address Autoconfiguration
              1. Building an IPv6 Address Using SLAAC
              2. Combining SLAAC with NDP and Stateless DHCP
          3. Verification of Host IPv6 Connectivity
            1. Verifying Host IPv6 Connectivity from Hosts
            2. Verifying Host Connectivity from Nearby Routers
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Command Reference to Check Your Memory
      5. Chapter 29. Implementing IPv6 Routing
        1. “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz
        2. Foundation Topics
          1. Connected and Local IPv6 Routes
            1. Rules for Connected and Local Routes
            2. Example of Connected IPv6 Routes
            3. Examples of Local IPv6 Routes
          2. Static IPv6 Routes
            1. Static Routes Using the Outgoing Interface
            2. Static Routes Using Next-Hop IPv6 Address
              1. Example Static Route with a Global Unicast Next-Hop Address
              2. Example Static Route with a Link-Local Next-Hop Address
            3. Static Default Routes
          3. Dynamic Routes with OSPFv3
            1. Comparing OSPF for IPv4 and IPv6
              1. OSPF Routing Protocol Versions and Protocols
              2. Comparing OSPFv2 and OSPFv3
            2. Configuring Single-Area OSPFv3
              1. OSPFv3 Single-Area Configuration Example
              2. OSPFv3 Passive Interfaces
            3. Verifying OSPFv3 Status and Routes
              1. Verifying OSPFv3 Configuration Settings
              2. Verifying OSPFv3 Neighbors
              3. Examining the OSPFv3 Database
              4. Examining IPv6 Routes Learned by OSPFv3
        3. Exam Preparation Tasks
          1. Review All the Key Topics
          2. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
          3. Definitions of Key Terms
          4. Command Reference to Check Your Memory
      6. Part VII Review
        1. Repeat All DIKTA Questions
        2. Answer Part Review Questions
        3. Review Key Topics
        4. Create IPv6 Addressing Mind Map
        5. Create IPv6 Configuration and Verification Command Mind Map
    21. Part VIII: Final Review
      1. Chapter 30. Final Review
        1. Advice About the Exam Event
          1. Learn the Question Types Using the Cisco Certification Exam Tutorial
          2. Think About Your Time Budget Versus Numbers of Questions
          3. A Suggested Time-Check Method
          4. Miscellaneous Pre-Exam Suggestions
          5. Exam-Day Advice
        2. Exam Review
          1. Practice Subnetting and Other Math-Related Skills
          2. Take Practice Exams
            1. Practicing Taking the ICND1 Exam
            2. Practicing Taking the CCNA Exam
            3. Advice on How to Answer Exam Questions
            4. Taking Other Practice Exams
          3. Find Knowledge Gaps Through Question Review
          4. Practice Hands-On CLI Skills
            1. Review Mind Maps from Part Review
            2. Do Labs
          5. Other Study Tasks
          6. Final Thoughts
    22. Part IX: Appendixes
      1. Appendix A. Numeric Reference Tables
      2. Appendix B. ICND1 Exam Updates
      3. Glossary
    23. Index
    24. DVD-only Appendixes
      1. Appendix C. Answers to the “Do I Know This Already?” Quizzes
        1. Chapter 1
        2. Chapter 2
        3. Chapter 3
        4. Chapter 4
        5. Chapter 5
        6. Chapter 6
        7. Chapter 7
        8. Chapter 8
        9. Chapter 9
        10. Chapter 10
        11. Chapter 11
        12. Chapter 12
        13. Chapter 13
        14. Chapter 14
        15. Chapter 15
        16. Chapter 16
        17. Chapter 17
        18. Chapter 18
        19. Chapter 19
        20. Chapter 20
        21. Chapter 21
        22. Chapter 22
        23. Chapter 23
        24. Chapter 24
        25. Chapter 25
        26. Chapter 26
        27. Chapter 27
        28. Chapter 28
        29. Chapter 29
      2. Appendix D. Practice for Chapter 12: Analyzing Classful IPv4 Networks
        1. Practice Problems
        2. Answers
      3. Appendix E. Practice for Chapter 13: Analyzing Subnet Masks
        1. Mask Conversion Problems
        2. Answers to Mask Conversion Problems
          1. Mask Conversion Problem 1: Answer
          2. Mask Conversion Problem 2: Answer
          3. Mask Conversion Problem 3: Answer
          4. Mask Conversion Problem 4: Answer
          5. Mask Conversion Problem 5: Answer
          6. Mask Conversion Problem 6: Answer
          7. Mask Conversion Problem 7: Answer
          8. Mask Conversion Problem 8: Answer
          9. Mask Conversion Problem 9: Answer
          10. Mask Conversion Problem 10: Answer
        3. Mask Analysis Problems
        4. Answers to Mask Analysis Problems
          1. Mask Analysis Problem 1: Answer
          2. Mask Analysis Problem 2: Answer
          3. Mask Analysis Problem 3: Answer
          4. Mask Analysis Problem 4: Answer
          5. Mask Analysis Problem 5: Answer
          6. Mask Analysis Problem 6: Answer
          7. Mask Analysis Problem 7: Answer
          8. Mask Analysis Problem 8: Answer
          9. Mask Analysis Problem 9: Answer
          10. Mask Analysis Problem 10: Answer
      4. Appendix F. Practice for Chapter 14: Analyzing Existing Subnets
        1. Practice Problems
        2. Answers
          1. Answer to Problem 1
          2. Answer to Problem 2
          3. Answer to Problem 3
          4. Answer to Problem 4
          5. Answer to Problem 5
          6. Answer to Problem 6
          7. Answer to Problem 7
          8. Answer to Problem 8
          9. Answer to Problem 9
          10. Answer to Problem 10
          11. Answer to Problem 11
          12. Answer to Problem 12
          13. Answer to Problem 13
          14. Answer to Problem 14
          15. Answer to Problem 15
          16. Answer to Problem 16
          17. Answer to Problem 17
          18. Answer to Problem 18
          19. Answer to Problem 19
          20. Answer to Problem 20
          21. Answer to Problem 21
          22. Answer to Problem 22
          23. Answer to Problem 23
          24. Answer to Problem 24
          25. Answer to Problem 25
      5. Appendix G. Practice for Chapter 19: Subnet Design
        1. Mask Design Practice Problems
        2. Mask Design Answers
          1. Answer to Mask Design Problem 1
          2. Answer to Mask Design Problem 2
          3. Answer to Mask Design Problem 3
          4. Answer to Mask Design Problem 4
          5. Answer to Mask Design Problem 5
          6. Answer to Mask Design Problem 6
        3. Practice Finding All Subnet IDs
          1. Find Subnet IDs, Problem Set 1: 8 or Fewer Subnet Bits
          2. Find Subnet IDs, Problem Set 2: More Than 8 Subnet Bits
          3. Answers to Find Subnet IDs, Problem Set 1
            1. Problem Set 1, Answer 1: 172.32.0.0/22
            2. Problem Set 1, Answer 2: 200.1.2.0/28
            3. Problem Set 1, Answer 3: 10.0.0.0/15
            4. Problem Set 1, Answer 4: 172.20.0.0/24
          4. Answers to Find Subnet IDs, Problem Set 2
            1. Problem Set 2, Answer 1: 172.32.0.0/25
          5. Problem Set 2, Answer 2: 10.0.0.0/21
      6. Appendix H. Practice for Chapter 20: Variable-Length Subnet Masks
        1. Practice Problems
          1. Practice Finding VLSM Overlaps
          2. Practice Adding New VLSM Subnets
        2. Answers
          1. Answers to Practice Finding VLSM Overlap Problems
          2. Answers to Practice Adding New VLSM Subnets Problems
            1. Problem 1
            2. Problem 2
            3. Problem 3
            4. Problem 4
            5. Problem 5
      7. Appendix I. Practice for Chapter 21: Route Summarization
        1. Practice Finding the Best Summary Route
        2. Answers to Practice Problems
          1. Practice Problem 1
          2. Practice Problem 2
          3. Practice Problem 3
          4. Practice Problem 4
      8. Appendix J. Practice for Chapter 22: Basic IPv4 Access Control Lists
        1. Practice Problems
          1. Practice Building access-list Commands
          2. Reverse Engineering from ACL to Address Range
        2. Answers to Earlier Practice Problems
          1. Answers: Practice Building access-list Commands
          2. Answers: Reverse Engineering from ACL to Address Range
      9. Appendix K. Practice for Chapter 25: Fundamentals of IP Version 6
        1. Address Abbreviating and Expanding Problems
        2. Calculating the IPv6 Prefix Problems
        3. Answers to Address Abbreviating and Expanding Problems
        4. Answers to Calculating IPv6 Prefix Problems
      10. Appendix L. Practice for Chapter 27: Implementing IPv6 Addressing on Routers
        1. EUI-64 and Solicited Node Multicast Problems
        2. Answers to EUI-64 and Solicited Node Multicast Problems
      11. Appendix M. Memory Tables
        1. Chapter 2
        2. Chapter 3
        3. Chapter 4
        4. Chapter 5
        5. Chapter 6
        6. Chapter 7
        7. Chapter 8
        8. Chapter 9
        9. Chapter 10
        10. Chapter 11
        11. Chapter 12
        12. Chapter 13
        13. Chapter 14
        14. Chapter 15
        15. Chapter 16
        16. Chapter 17
        17. Chapter 20
        18. Chapter 24
        19. Chapter 25
        20. Chapter 26
        21. Chapter 27
        22. Chapter 28
        23. Chapter 29
      12. Appendix N. Memory Tables Answer Key
        1. Chapter 2
        2. Chapter 3
        3. Chapter 4
        4. Chapter 5
        5. Chapter 6
        6. Chapter 7
        7. Chapter 8
        8. Chapter 9
        9. Chapter 10
        10. Chapter 11
        11. Chapter 12
        12. Chapter 13
        13. Chapter 14
        14. Chapter 15
        15. Chapter 16
        16. Chapter 17
        17. Chapter 20
        18. Chapter 24
        19. Chapter 25
        20. Chapter 26
        21. Chapter 27
        22. Chapter 28
        23. Chapter 29
      13. Appendix O. Mind Map Solutions
        1. Part I Review Mind Map Solution
        2. Part II Review Mind Map Solution
        3. Part III Review Mind Map Solutions
        4. Part IV Review Mind Map Solution
        5. Part V Review Mind Map Solution
        6. Part VI Review Mind Map Solution
        7. Part VII Review Mind Map Solutions
      14. Appendix P. Study Planner
    25. Inside Front Cover
    26. Where are the Companion Content Files?
    27. Cisco CCENT/CCNA ICND1: Videos on the DVD
    28. Code Snippets