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CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events: Planning and Response

Book Description

Sets forth what to do and what not to do to keep people and property safe

Based on the author's more than two decades of managing core facets of emergency planning and response, this book enables readers to minimize the possibility of a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) disaster or a hazardous material (hazmat) incident at public events. Moreover, it sets forth the tools needed to quickly respond to an incident in order to avoid or minimize casualties and damages. With its comprehensive approach, the book equips readers to plan for and manage a multi-disciplinary safety and emergency response team, including police, security, medical, military, and fire and civil protection personnel.

CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events examines all aspects of security planning and emergency response, including:

  • General planning and preparedness procedures such as initial considerations, response network development, and training and exercise

  • Planning and preparedness for security and emergency response providers, including medical, fire, police, military, and VIP protection personnel

  • Incident response, including initial response, detection and identification, and law enforcement

Lastly, the author provides fourteen specific public event scenarios, explaining what to do and what not to do for effective emergency planning and response to CBRN and hazmat incidents. These scenarios also set the foundation for preparedness training and exercises.

Throughout the book, sidebars summarize the author's extensive operational and managerial experience, helping readers focus on the core tested and proven strategies and techniques needed to prevent or mitigate the impact of a CBRN or hazmat incident. With its unique focus on CBRN and hazmats, this book is essential reading for all personnel charged with protecting lives and property at large public events.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Acknowledgments
  5. Contents
  6. Foreword
  7. PART I: Introduction
    1. WHAT IS A MAJOR PUBLIC OR HIGH-VISIBILITY EVENT?
    2. HOW TO DISSECT CBRN AND HAZMAT
    3. CHAPTER 1: The Threat Environment
      1. ADVERSE EFFECTS
      2. CAUSATIVE AGENTS: THE SPECTRUM OF CBRN/HAZMAT SUBSTANCES
      3. MEANS OF DISSEMINATION
      4. CAUSATIVE AGENTS: THE PERPETRATOR
      5. MULTIPLIERS IN THE MAJOR EVENT ENVIRONMENT
      6. NUISANCES, HOAXES, AND COMMUNICATED THREATS
      7. CBRN/HAZMAT SUBSTANCES: CHARACTERISTICS SIGNIFICANT AS PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS
      8. REFERENCES
    4. CHAPTER 2: Differing Perspectives and Philosophies on CBRN/HAZMAT Planning and Response
      1. FIRE SERVICE AND HAZMAT
      2. MILITARY CBRN DEFENSE PHILOSOPHY
      3. PERSPECTIVE OF POLICE, LAW ENFORCEMENT, AND SECURITY SERVICES
      4. THE PRIVATE SECURITY PROVIDER'S PERSPECTIVE
      5. MEDICAL PERSPECTIVE
      6. SCIENTIFIC AND LABORATORY PERSPECTIVE
      7. REFERENCES
  8. PART II: General Planning and Preparedness Efforts
    1. CHAPTER 3: CBRN in Context: Interagency Planning and Cooperation
      1. SWIMMING IN THE SEA: KEEPING CBRN/HAZMAT IN CONTEXT
      2. THE SAFETY AND SECURITY BUREAUCRACY: THE SEA IN WHICH WE SWIM
      3. INTERAGENCY PLANNING AND COORDINATION
      4. INCIDENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
      5. THE OPERATIONS CENTER
      6. BEST PRACTICES
      7. COMMON LANGUAGE
      8. REFERENCES
    2. CHAPTER 4: General Planning Considerations at an Early Stage
      1. ESTABLISH YOUR PLANNING THRESHOLD
      2. RECONNAISSANCE: SITE SURVEYS AND WALKTHROUGHS
      3. RESILIENCE
      4. LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS
      5. COMMUNICATIONS
      6. REFERENCES
    3. CHAPTER 5: Building Capability and Capacity
      1. SURVEY THE EXISTING CAPABILITY
      2. SURVEYING CAPACITY
      3. THE SYNCHRONIZATION MATRIX AS A PLANNING TOOL
      4. ASSESSMENT SCHEMES
      5. TRAINING AND EXERCISES
      6. REFERENCES
    4. CHAPTER 6: Equipment Procurement
      1. PREPARING FOR THE ONSLAUGHT OF VENDORS
      2. HAZARD PREDICTION—IS IT USEFUL?
      3. PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY
      4. REFERENCES
    5. CHAPTER 7: Dealing with Event Venues
      1. MAJOR TYPES OF VENUE
      2. ARCHITECTURAL, STRUCTURAL, AND CONSTRUCTION CONSIDERATIONS
      3. PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
      4. SECURING VENUES
      5. VENUE SEARCH
      6. SCREENING PEOPLE
      7. SCREENING GOODS AND VEHICLES
      8. REFERENCES
  9. PART III: The Response Disciplines
    1. CHAPTER 8: Medical Preparedness
      1. HOW WILL CBRN/HAZMAT PRESENT ITSELF TO THE MEDICAL SYSTEM?
      2. THE CONCEPT OF “SPECIAL EVENTS MEDICAL SERVICES”
      3. GENERAL PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS
      4. MASS CASUALTY PLANNING
      5. HOSPITAL DECONTAMINATION
      6. MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE
      7. DEALING WITH THE “WORRIED WELL”
      8. REFERENCES
    2. CHAPTER 9: Police, Law Enforcement, Intelligence, and Security Preparedness
      1. BREAKING THE CYCLE: DISRUPTING THE PROCESS OF TERRORISM
      2. PREPARING TO OPERATE IN A CBRN/HAZMAT ENVIRONMENT
      3. REFERENCES
    3. CHAPTER 10: Preparedness for the Fire and HAZMAT Sector
      1. ADAPTING THE RESPONSE TO THE MAJOR EVENT ENVIRONMENT
      2. DECONTAMINATION
      3. SEARCH AND RESCUE IN THE HOT ZONE?
      4. KEEPING THE DETECTIVES HAPPY: LEARNING NOT TO WRECK THE CRIME SCENE
      5. REFERENCES
    4. CHAPTER 11: The Military: Preparing for Military Support to Civil Authorities
      1. THE NATURE OF MILITARY SUPPORT TO CIVIL AUTHORITIES
      2. TYPES OF MILITARY SUPPORT TO CBRN/HAZMAT INCIDENTS
      3. SOME ISSUES AND PROBLEMS WITH MILITARY SUPPORT
      4. SOME IDEAS TO INTEGRATE MILITARY SUPPORT
      5. REFERENCES
    5. CHAPTER 12: Preparedness for Everybody Else
      1. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION AND TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
      2. FINANCIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE PREPAREDNESS
      3. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL AND BOMB SQUAD
      4. LEGAL PREPAREDNESS
      5. PREPAREDNESS FOR EVENT AND VENUE MANAGEMENT
      6. LABORATORY AND SCIENTIFIC PREPAREDNESS
      7. REACH-BACK
      8. VIP PROTECTION CONSIDERATIONS
      9. REFERENCES
  10. PART IV: Response
    1. CHAPTER 13: Initial Assessment and Response
      1. THE GOLDEN HOUR
      2. INITIAL ASSESSMENT OF THE INCIDENT
      3. ARRIVING ON SCENE: MANAGING THE INCIDENT WITH GEDAPER!
      4. TACTICS FOR THE INCIDENT COMMANDER AND RESPONDER
      5. REFERENCES
    2. CHAPTER 14: Detection, Measurement, and Identification of Hazards
      1. CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
      2. “PRIMITIVE” AND “NONSPECIFIC” SENSORS
      3. CHEMICAL AND HAZMAT SENSORS
      4. BIOLOGICAL SENSORS
      5. RADIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR SENSORS
      6. INTEGRATING DETECTION AND IDENTIFICATION INTO OPERATIONS
      7. BEST PRACTICES FOR MAJOR EVENTS
      8. WHAT NOT TO DO
      9. REFERENCES
    3. CHAPTER 15: Medical Response
      1. HOW WILL THE CBRN/HAZMAT PATIENT LOOK?
      2. MANAGING THE INCIDENT: BEING REALISTIC IN CHEMICAL SCENARIOS
      3. FIELD CARE: REMEMBER THE ABCDD
      4. ALPHABET SOUP: MANAGING THE ABCDD IN AN MCI
      5. DEFINITIVE CARE: THE LARGER PICTURE
      6. REFERENCES
    4. CHAPTER 16: Decontamination
      1. WHY DO DECONTAMINATION?
      2. ISSUES AND ARGUMENTS SURROUNDING DECON
      3. CATEGORIES OF DECONTAMINATION
      4. METHODS OF DECONTAMINATION
      5. DECONTAMINATION: PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS AND TACTICS
      6. REFERENCES
    5. CHAPTER 17: Law Enforcement and Security Response
      1. SCENE CONTROL AND PUBLIC ORDER ISSUES
      2. INTERVENTION SCENARIOS
      3. FORENSICS: COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION OF CRIMINAL EVIDENCE
      4. THE CRIME SCENE
      5. COLLECTING EVIDENCE AT A CONTAMINATED CRIME SCENE
      6. REFERENCES
    6. CHAPTER 18: Consequence Management and Other Related Measures
      1. CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT
      2. PUBLIC AND MEDIA AFFAIRS
      3. DEALING WITH THE DEAD
      4. VOLUNTEERS AND “UNAFFILIATED RESPONDERS”
      5. REFERENCES
  11. PART V: Practical Scenarios
    1. BACKGROUND
    2. THE SCENARIO
    3. DISCUSSION OF KEY POINTS AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
    4. WHAT NOT TO DO
    5. SCENARIO A: The Venue Search
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. THE SCENARIO
      3. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      4. WHAT NOT TO DO
    6. SCENARIO B: Screening People, Vehicles, and Goods
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. THE SCENARIO
      3. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      4. WHAT NOT TO DO
    7. SCENARIO C: Radiation Detection and Radiation Alerts
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. THE SCENARIO
      3. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      4. WHAT NOT TO DO
    8. SCENARIO D: Unattended and/or Suspicious Packages
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. DISCUSSIONS AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      3. WHAT NOT TO DO
    9. SCENARIO E: A “Communicated Threat”
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      3. WHAT NOT TO DO
    10. SCENARIO F: An Anthrax Letter
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      3. WHAT NOT TO DO
    11. SCENARIO G: Industrial HAZMAT Accidents
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. SCENARIO
      3. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      4. WHAT NOT TO DO
    12. SCENARIO H: Suspicious Odors and Unexplained Illness
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. THE SCENARIO
      3. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      4. WHAT NOT TO DO
    13. SCENARIO I: External Chemical Attack
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. THE SCENARIO
      3. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      4. WHAT NOT TO DO
    14. SCENARIO J: Internal Chemical Attack
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. THE SCENARIO
      3. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      4. WHAT NOT TO DO
    15. SCENARIO K: The Biological Attack
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. THE SCENARIO
      3. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      4. WHAT NOT TO DO
    16. SCENARIO L: The Crime Scene
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. THE SCENARIO
      3. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      4. WHAT NOT TO DO
    17. SCENARIO M: The “Dirty Bomb” and Structural Collapse
      1. BACKGROUND
      2. THE SCENARIO
      3. DISCUSSION AND TIPS FOR SUCCESS
      4. WHAT NOT TO DO
  12. APPENDIX A: Glossary of Terms, Abbreviations and Acronyms
  13. APPENDIX B: Threat Basis and Planning Threshold
    1. EVENT AND VENUE DESCRIPTION
    2. PLANNING ASSUMPTIONS
    3. THREAT BASIS
    4. PLANNING THRESHOLD
    5. Hotel Venues
  14. APPENDIX C: Template for a CBRN/HAZMAT Site Survey
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. GENERAL INFORMATION
    3. STRUCTURAL AND ENGINEERING FEATURES
    4. EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION
    5. SUGGESTED COURSE OF ACTION FOR KEY SCENARIOS
  15. APPENDIX D: Task Lists, Capability Survey, and Capacity Survey
    1. SAMPLE MISSION STATEMENT
    2. TASK LISTS
    3. SUMMARY OF CAPABILITY SURVEY
  16. APPENDIX E: Synchronization Matrix for CBRN/HAZMAT Response at a Major Event
  17. APPENDIX F: Sample Detection and Identification Decision Trees
  18. APPENDIX G: If You Only Read One Page, Read This One!
    1. KEEP A SAFE DISTANCE FROM THE SCENE
    2. ESTABLISH AN INCIDENT COMMAND FRAMEWORK
    3. START THE GEDAPER PROCESS
    4. CONSIDER SECONDARY DEVICES
    5. ESTABLISH SCENE CONTROL
    6. ESTABLISH EMERGENCY DECONTAMINATION
    7. INITIATE EMERGENCY CARE FOR VICTIMS WHO ARE OUT OF THE IMMEDIATE DANGER AREA
    8. CONSIDER EMERGENCY RESCUE EFFORTS
    9. START APPROPRIATE PUBLIC PROTECTIVE ACTIONS BASED ON YOUR BEST GUESS AS TO WHERE THE HAZARD WILL TRAVEL
    10. GET ASSETS INTO PLACE TO ESTABLISH A MASS DECONTAMINATION EFFORT AND IDENTIFY THE PROBLEM
    11. START THE INVESTIGATION
    12. START ASSEMBLING THE PERSONNEL AND LOGISTICS FOR A PROTRACTED RESPONSE
    13. MANAGE PUBLIC AFFAIRS
    14. MANAGE THE VOLUNTEERS
  19. Bibliography
  20. Index