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Case Studies in Food Safety and Authenticity

Book Description

The identification and control of food contaminants rely on careful investigation and implementation of appropriate management strategies. Using a wide range of real-life examples, Case studies in food safety and authenticity provides a vital insight into the practical application of strategies for control and prevention.

Part one provides examples of recent outbreak investigations from a wide range of experts around the world, including lessons learnt, before part two goes on to explore examples of how the source was traced and the implications for the food chain. Methods of crisis management are the focus of part three, whilst part four provides studies of farm-level interventions and the tracking of contaminants before they enter the food chain. Part five is focussed on safe food production, and considers the challenges of regulatory testing and certification, hygiene control and predictive microbiology. The book concludes in part six with an examination of issues related to food adulteration and authenticity.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Case studies in food safety and authenticity is a key reference work for those involved in food production, including quality control, laboratory and risk managers, food engineers, and anyone involved in researching and teaching food safety.

  • Delivers a vital insight into the practical application of strategies for control and prevention of food contaminants
  • Provides detailed examples of recent outbreak investigations from a wide range of international experts, discussing how the source was traced and the implications for the food chain
  • Chapters discuss methods of crisis management, farm-level interventions, safe food production and the challenges of regulatory testing and certification

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Obituary for Niels Skovgaard
  6. Contributor contact details
  7. Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition
  8. Preface
  9. Foreword
  10. How to use this book
  11. Acknowledgements
  12. Part I: Outbreak investigations
    1. Chapter 1: Tracing an outbreak of listeriosis in Austria: what an investigative microbiologist needs to consider
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 1.2 Significance of the case
      4. 1.3 The case history continues
      5. 1.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 1.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 1.6 Critical questions for discussion
    2. Chapter 2: A point-source outbreak of Salmonella in an ethnic community in the UK
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Significance of the situation
      4. 2.3 The case history continues
      5. 2.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 2.5 Commentary
      7. 2.6 Acknowledgements
      8. 2.7 Critical questions for discussion
    3. Chapter 3: Investigating the source of a food poisoning incident in Cheshire, UK
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Significance of the situation
      4. 3.3 The case history continues
      5. 3.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 3.5 Commentary
      7. 3.6 Acknowledgements
      8. 3.7 Critical questions for discussion
    4. Chapter 4: Investigating a large outbreak of salmonellosis in the US involving fresh produce
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 4.2 Significance of the case
      4. 4.3 Background information
      5. 4.4 The case history continues
      6. 4.5 Resolution and outcomes
      7. 4.6 Commentary and personal reflections
      8. 4.7 Critical questions for discussion
    5. Chapter 5: What was the source of the 2011 outbreak of Escherichia coli in Germany and France?
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 5.2 Significance of the case
      4. 5.3 The case continues
      5. 5.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 5.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 5.6 Acknowledgments
      8. 5.7 Critical questions for discussion
    6. Chapter 6: Tracing the source of a community-wide gastroenteric outbreak caused by Campylobacter in Finland
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 6.2 Significance of the case
      4. 6.3 The case history continues
      5. 6.4 Management of the outbreak and source tracing
      6. 6.5 Conclusions of the outbreak and attempts to identify its source
      7. 6.6 Commentary: how can safety be improved and what constitutes an outbreak?
      8. 6.7 Critical questions for discussion
    7. Chapter 7: One pathogen but two different types of foodborne outbreak: Bacillus cereus in catering facilities in Germany
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction to the cases
      3. 7.2 Significance of the cases
      4. 7.3 The case histories continue
      5. 7.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 7.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 7.6 Critical questions for discussion
    8. Chapter 8: Investigating a suspected case of mycotoxin poisoning in South Africa
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 8.2 Significance of the case
      4. 8.3 The case continues
      5. 8.4 Outcomes
      6. 8.5 Commentary
      7. 8.6 Critical questions for discussion
    9. Chapter 9: Investigations of foodborne outbreaks caused by a parasite in Canada
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction to the cases
      3. 9.2 Significance of the cases
      4. 9.3 The background to the cases: previous outbreaks and challenges associated with detection and control
      5. 9.4 The case histories continue: traceback investigations and follow-up
      6. 9.5 Resolution and outcomes
      7. 9.6 Commentary
      8. 9.7 Acknowledgments
      9. 9.8 Critical questions for discussion
  13. Part II: Source tracing
    1. Chapter 10: Troubleshooting the environmental source of contamination with Listeria monocytogenes in a typical small food manufacturing plant in Ireland
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 10.2 Significance of the case
      4. 10.3 The case history continues
      5. 10.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 10.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 10.6 Critical questions for discussion
    2. Chapter 11: Tracing the source of persistent contamination of ready-to-eat chicken products with Listeria monocytogenes in Italy
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 11.2 Significance of the case
      4. 11.3 The case history continues
      5. 11.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 11.5 Commentary
      7. 11.6 Acknowledgements
      8. 11.7 Critical questions for discussion
    3. Chapter 12: An unforeseen source of aflatoxins in milk in Sweden
      1. Abstract:
      2. 12.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 12.2 Significance of the case
      4. 12.3 The case continues
      5. 12.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 12.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 12.6 Acknowledgments
      8. 12.7 Critical questions for discussion
    4. Chapter 13: Investigations prompted by the discovery of high levels of Salmonella in fresh herbs in the UK
      1. Abstract:
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Significance of the case
      4. 13.3 The case history continues
      5. 13.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 13.5 Commentary
      7. 13.6 Acknowledgements
      8. 13.7 Critical questions for discussion
    5. Chapter 14: Source tracing in Thailand following contamination of dog chew toys with Salmonella
      1. Abstract:
      2. 14.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 14.2 Significance of the case
      4. 14.3 Case history continues
      5. 14.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 14.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 14.6 Acknowledgements
      8. 14.7 Critical questions for discussion
    6. Chapter 15: Analysing tap-water from households of patients with inflammatory bowel disease in Norway
      1. Abstract:
      2. 15.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 15.2 Significance of the case
      4. 15.3 The case history continues
      5. 15.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 15.5 Commentary
      7. 15.6 Acknowledgments
      8. 15.7 Critical questions for discussion
  14. Part III: Crisis management
    1. Chapter 16: A proactive attempt to control an outbreak of foodborne disease in humans after detection of Salmonella during surveillance and control of pork in Denmark
      1. Abstract:
      2. 16.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 16.2 Significance of the case
      4. 16.3 The outbreak history continues
      5. 16.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 16.5 Comments and personal reflections
      7. 16.6 Acknowledgements
      8. 16.7 Critical questions for discussion
    2. Chapter 17: Managing and learning from an anthrax outbreak in a Swedish beef cattle herd
      1. Abstract:
      2. 17.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 17.2 The Swedish outbreak in 2008: how did it all begin?
      4. 17.3 The case history continues
      5. 17.4 Significance of the case
      6. 17.5 Resolution and outcomes
      7. 17.6 Commentary
      8. 17.7 Critical questions
      9. 17.8 Acknowledgments
    3. Chapter 18: Mounting an effective response to an outbreak of viral disease involving street food vendors in Indonesia
      1. Abstract:
      2. 18.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 18.2 Significance of the case
      4. 18.3 The case history continues
      5. 18.4 Commentary and personal reflections
      6. 18.5 Acknowledgements
      7. 18.6 Critical questions for discussion
    4. Chapter 19: Handling of the media during an incident in Romania involving dioxin contamination of yoghurts
      1. Abstract:
      2. 19.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 19.2 Significance of the case
      4. 19.3 The case history continues
      5. 19.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 19.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 19.6 Critical questions for discussion
  15. Part IV: Farm-level interventions
    1. Chapter 20: Is it possible to reduce foodborne Campylobacter infections in humans through vaccination of animals?
      1. Abstract:
      2. 20.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 20.2 Significance of the case
      4. 20.3 Why vaccinate poultry and not humans?
      5. 20.4 What vaccination strategy to use?
      6. 20.5 Resolutions and outcome
      7. 20.6 Critical questions for discussion
      8. 20.7 Acknowledgements
    2. Chapter 21: The free-range meat paradox: the conflict between free-range poultry production systems and biocontainment against zoonotic microorganisms
      1. Abstract:
      2. 21.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 21.2 Significance of the case
      4. 21.3 The case continues
      5. 21.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 21.5 Commentary
      7. 21.6 Acknowledgements
      8. 21.7 Critical questions
    3. Chapter 22: How does Sweden control Salmonella before it enters the food chain?
      1. Abstract:
      2. 22.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 22.2 Significance of the case
      4. 22.3 The case history continues
      5. 22.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 22.5 Commentary
      7. 22.6 Acknowledgements
      8. 22.7 Critical questions
    4. Chapter 23: Bovine spongiform encephalitis: the case of an unexpected and rapidly spreading epidemic in cattle with serious consequences
      1. Abstract:
      2. 23.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 23.2 Significance of the case
      4. 23.3 Background to the case: the nature of BSE and vCJD
      5. 23.4 The case continues
      6. 23.5 Resolution and outcomes
      7. 23.6 Commentary
      8. 23.7 Acknowledgment
      9. 23.8 Critical questions for discussion
    5. Chapter 24: The continuing debate over increasing consumption of raw (unpasteurised) milk: is it safe?
      1. Abstract:
      2. 24.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 24.2 Significance of the case
      4. 24.3 The case continues
      5. 24.4 Commentary and personal reflections
      6. 24.5 Acknowledgement
      7. 24.6 Critical questions for discussion
  16. Part V: Safe food production
    1. Chapter 25: Challenges in food safety certification of a small enterprise producing a speciality product in Cyprus
      1. Abstract:
      2. 25.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 25.2 Significance of the case
      4. 25.3 The case continues
      5. 25.4 Outcomes and commentary
      6. 25.5 Acknowledgments
    2. Chapter 26: The dilemma of regulatory testing of dairy foods in Australia: minimising risk to the public while avoiding unnecessary regulatory burden
      1. Abstract:
      2. 26.1 Introduction to the cases
      3. 26.2 Significance of the cases
      4. 26.3 The case histories continue
      5. 26.4 Resolutions and outcomes
      6. 26.5 Commentary
      7. 26.6 Critical questions for discussion
    3. Chapter 27: Learning from outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 caused by low pH foods
      1. Abstract:
      2. 27.1 Introduction
      3. 27.2 Significance of the cases
      4. 27.3 The case history continues
      5. 27.4 Resolutions and outcomes
      6. 27.5 Commentary
      7. 27.6 Acknowledgment
      8. 27.7 Critical questions for discussion
    4. Chapter 28: Hygiene control in the dry food products industry: the roles of cleaning methods and hygienic indicators
      1. Abstract:
      2. 28.1 Introduction to the cases
      3. 28.2 Significance of the cases
      4. 28.3 Case studies
      5. 28.4 Commentary: where do we go from here?
      6. 28.5 Critical questions for discussion
    5. Chapter 29: Boosting exports of fresh meat by using faster laboratory methods in Denmark
      1. Abstract:
      2. 29.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 29.2 Significance of the case
      4. 29.3 The case history continues
      5. 29.4 Commentary and personal reflections
      6. 29.5 Acknowledgments
      7. 29.6 Critical questions for discussion
    6. Chapter 30: Using predictive microbiology to benefit the Australian meat industry
      1. Abstract:
      2. 30.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 30.2 Significance of the case
      4. 30.3 The case history continues – extreme rainfall and tropical cyclone Yasi
      5. 30.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 30.5 Commentary
      7. 30.6 Critical questions for discussion
  17. Part VI: Food adulteration and authenticity
    1. Chapter 31: Forensic investigation of a sabotage incident in a factory manufacturing nut-free ready meals in the UK
      1. Abstract:
      2. 31.1 Introduction
      3. 31.2 Significance of the case
      4. 31.3 The case history continues
      5. 31.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 31.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 31.6 Acknowledgements
      8. 31.7 Critical questions for discussion
    2. Chapter 32: Lessons from the large-scale incident of animal feed contamination with dioxins in Germany in 2011
      1. Abstract:
      2. 32.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 32.2 Significance of the case
      4. 32.3 The case history continues
      5. 32.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 32.5 Commentary
      7. 32.6 Critical questions for discussion
    3. Chapter 33: Investigating the adulteration of UHT milk in Brazil
      1. Abstract:
      2. 33.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 33.2 Significance of the case
      4. 33.3 The case history continues
      5. 33.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 33.5 Commentary and personal reflections
    4. Chapter 34: Food adulteration with melamine on an international scale: field work and troubleshooting in Africa
      1. Abstract:
      2. 34.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 34.2 Significance of the case
      4. 34.3 The case history continues
      5. 34.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 34.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 34.6 Acknowledgements
      8. 34.7 Critical questions for discussion
    5. Chapter 35: Investigating cases of taste disturbance caused by pine nuts in Denmark
      1. Abstract:
      2. 35.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 35.2 Significance of the case
      4. 35.3 The case history continues
      5. 35.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 35.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 35.6 Critical questions for discussion
    6. Chapter 36: Development and application of molecular tools to investigate the mislabeling of cod sold in Sweden
      1. Abstract:
      2. 36.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 36.2 Significance of the case
      4. 36.3 The case history continues
      5. 36.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 36.5 Commentary and personal reflections
      7. 36.6 Acknowledgments
      8. 36.7 Critical questions for discussion
    7. Chapter 37: Testing for genetically modified organisms (GMOs) revealed the real source of rice imported to Norway
      1. Abstract:
      2. 37.1 Introduction to the cases
      3. 37.2 Significance of the cases
      4. 37.3 The case histories continue
      5. 37.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 37.5 Commentary
      7. 37.6 Acknowledgments
      8. 37.7 Critical questions for discussion
    8. Chapter 38: Documenting the ‘terroir’ aspects of award-winning Danish conserves: a model for the development of authentic food products
      1. Abstract:
      2. 38.1 Introduction to the case
      3. 38.2 Significance of the case
      4. 38.3 The case histories continue
      5. 38.4 Resolution and outcomes
      6. 38.5 Commentary
      7. 38.6 Acknowledgments
      8. 38.7 Critical questions for discussion
  18. Index