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C++ Primer Plus by Stephen Prata

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More Syntax Tricks—The Comma Operator

As you have seen, a block enables you to sneak two or more statements into a place where C++ syntax allows just one statement. The comma operator does the same for expressions, enabling you to sneak two expressions into a place where C++ syntax allows only one expression. For example, suppose you have a loop in which one variable increases by one each cycle and a second variable decreases by one each cycle. Doing both in the update part of a for loop control section would be convenient, but the loop syntax allows just one expression there. The solution is to use the comma operator to combine the two expressions into one:

++j, --i   // two expressions count as one for syntax purposes

The comma is not always ...

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