In This Chapter
Comparing numbers and evaluating other conditions
Doing things based on a comparison
Repeating code a certain number of times
Repeating code while certain things are true
Repeating code that repeats code that … well, you get the idea
As you program in C++, many times you need to present the computer with a choice, allowing it to do one thing in one situation and something else in another situation. For example, you may have an application that asks for a user’s password. If the password is correct, the application continues; but if the password is incorrect, the application asks the user to reenter the password. After some number of times — usually, three — the application performs yet another task when the user enters the incorrect password. Such situations are called conditions. In the case of the password, the condition is whether the password is correct.
You may also encounter situations where you want several lines of ...