In This Chapter
Creating and deleting directories
Getting the contents of a directory
Copying and moving, and why they are related
Moving and renaming files and why they are similar
We're about to say something you might not believe: C++ provides no functions for creating directories and getting the contents of a directory.
Really! We know it's hard to believe, but we can say two points about this:
There really is a (more-or-less) good reason for this lack: C++ is a general-purpose language; issues that deal with directories are specific to individual operating systems. Thus, it doesn't make sense to include such features in C++. (Supposedly. So they say. We guess. Whatever.)
Some brave rebels have added some functions — and these functions exist in most C++ implementations. Whew! That's a good thing — otherwise you'd have to call into the operating system to create or modify a directory.
C++ has a holdover from the C programming language in the header file
stdio.h that includes functions for renaming and removing files and directories. (Interesting.) Oh yes, and there's another one in there for creating a temporary file. (Even more interesting.)
In this chapter we present you with ways to manipulate directories and files. (We have tested these routines only for the GNU gcc compiler that comes with the CodeBlocks product. If you're working with a different compiler or operating system, try them out. They probably will work.)
For the examples ...