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Business Organization (RLE: Organizations) by John O'Shaughnessy

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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

APPROACHES TO ORGANIZATION

IF the work of running a business is beyond the capacity of one person to perform, it has to be shared out among others. This brings with it the problem of getting people to act in unison with each other. Organization is a matter of dividing work among people whose efforts will have to be co-ordinated. In practice, it is also concerned with specifying objectives for the business as a whole and each of its sub-units and determining, in broad terms, the activities and decisions necessary to accomplish these objectives.

Deficiencies in organization give rise to many inefficiencies:

(i) Departments and sections may be unable to contribute sufficient to overall objectives to justify their cost. ...

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