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Building Telephony Systems with OpenSER by Flavio E. Goncalves

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Chapter 1. Introduction to SIP

The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) was standardized by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and is described in several documents known as RFCs (Request for Comments). RFC3261 is one of the most recent and is called SIP version 2. SIP is an application-layer protocol used to establish, modify, and terminate sessions or multimedia calls. These sessions can be conferences, e-learning, telephony over the Internet, and similar applications. It is based on a text protocol similar to Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and it is designed to start, keep, and close interactive communication sessions between users. These days SIP is one of the most used protocols for VoIP and is present on almost every IP phone in ...

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