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Building Services Handbook, 7th Edition

Book Description

This seventh edition of Hall and Greeno's leading textbook has been reviewed and updated in relation to the latest building and water regulations, new technology, and new legislation, and even more design calculations have been added. In addition, topics such as: alternative sources of natural energy, solar, ground source, heat pumps, renewable energy sources, geothermal methods, and wind power, are now covered.

Building Services Handbook summarises the application of all common elements of building services practice, technique and procedure, to provide an essential information resource for students as well as practitioners working in building services, building management and the facilities administration and maintenance sectors of the construction industry. Information is presented in the highly illustrated and accessible style of the best-selling companion title Building Construction Handbook.

THE comprehensive reference for all construction and building services students, Building Services Handbook is ideal for a wide range of courses including NVQ and BTEC National through Higher National Certificate and Diploma to Foundation and three-year Degree level. The clear illustrations and complementary references to industry Standards combine essential guidance with a resource base for further reading and development of specific topics.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Table of Contents
  6. Preface
  7. Part One: Introduction
    1. The industry
    2. Building Services in the Construction Process
    3. Legislative and support documents
    4. Health and Safety at Work etc. Act
    5. The Building Act
    6. The Water Industry Act
    7. British, European and International Standards
    8. Building Research Establishment
    9. Loss Prevention Certification Board
    10. Design and installation standards
  8. Part Two: Cold Water and Supply Systems
    1. Rain cycle – sources of water supply
    2. Acidity and alkalinity in water
    3. Filtration of water
    4. Sterilisation
    5. Storage and distribution of water
    6. Disinfection of water
    7. Water mains
    8. Valves and taps
    9. Joints on water pipes
    10. Polyethylene (Polythene) Water Pipes
    11. Pipe jointing materials
    12. Direct system of cold water supply
    13. Indirect system of cold water supply
    14. Hard and soft water
    15. Water softening
    16. Water conditioning and treatment
    17. Backflow protection
    18. Secondary backflow protection
    19. Pipe insulation
    20. Cold water storage cisterns
    21. Cold water storage calculations
    22. Boosted cold water systems
    23. Delayed action float valve
    24. Pump laws
    25. Pipe sizing
    26. Hydraulics and fluid flow
  9. Part Three: Hot Water Supply Systems
    1. Direct system of hot water supply
    2. Indirect system of hot water supply
    3. Unvented hot water storage system
    4. Expansion and temperature relief valves
    5. Hot water storage cylinders
    6. Primatic hot water storage cylinders
    7. Medium- and high-rise building supply systems
    8. Sealed indirect hot water system for a high-rise building
    9. Primary thermal store water heaters
    10. Types of boiler
    11. Secondary circulation
    12. Duplication of plant
    13. Electric and gas water heaters
    14. Solar heating of water
    15. Hot water storage capacity
    16. Boiler rating
    17. Pipe sizing
    18. Pressurised Systems
    19. Circulation pump rating
    20. Legionnaires’ disease in hot water systems
    21. SEDBUK
    22. Galvanic or electrolytic action
    23. Water treatment
  10. Part Four: Heating Systems
    1. Heat emitters
    2. Low-temperature, hot water heating systems
    3. Panel and underfloor heating
    4. Expansion facilities in heating systems
    5. Expansion vessels
    6. Solar space heating
    7. High-temperature, pressurised hot water systems
    8. Steam heating systems
    9. District heating
    10. Combined heat and power
    11. Pipework expansion
    12. Thermostatic control of heating systems
    13. Timed control of heating systems
    14. Zoned controls
    15. Programmable control
    16. Energy management systems
    17. Warm air heating system
    18. Heating design
    19. Domestic heating circulator/pump
    20. Modulating pump
  11. Part Five: Fuel Characteristics and Storage
    1. Fuels – factors affecting choice
    2. Solid fuel – properties and storage
    3. Domestic solid fuel boilers
    4. Solid fuel – biomass
    5. Solid fuel – flues
    6. Oil – properties
    7. Oil – storage and supply
    8. Oil-fired burners and appliances
    9. Oil – flues
    10. Natural gas – properties
    11. Liquid petroleum gas – properties and storage
    12. Electric boiler
    13. Electricity – electrode boiler
  12. Part Six: Ventilation Systems
    1. Ventilation requirements
    2. Guide to ventilation rates
    3. Domestic accommodation
    4. Mechanical ventilation
    5. Types of fan
    6. Fan laws
    7. Sound attenuation in ductwork
    8. Air filters
    9. Low velocity air flow in ducts
    10. Air diffusion and distribution patterns
    11. Air curtain
    12. Ventilation design
    13. Resistances to air flow
  13. Part Seven: Air Conditioning
    1. Air conditioning – principles and applications
    2. Central plant system
    3. Air-processing unit
    4. Humidifiers
    5. Variable air volume
    6. Induction (air/water) system
    7. Fan-coil (air/water) unit and induction diffuser
    8. Dual duct system
    9. Chilled beams and ceilings
    10. Cooling systems
    11. Refrigeration power units
    12. Refrigerant properties
    13. Refrigerant system characteristics
    14. Packaged air-conditioning systems
    15. Psychrometrics – processes and applications
    16. Heat pumps
    17. Heat recovery devices
    18. Legionnaires’ disease
    19. Health considerations and building-related illnesses
  14. Part Eight: Drainage Systems, Sewage Treatment and Refuse Disposal
    1. Combined and separate systems
    2. Partially separate system
    3. Rodding point system
    4. Sewer connection
    5. Drainage ventilation
    6. Unventilated stacks
    7. Drain laying
    8. Means of access
    9. Bedding of drains
    10. Drains under or near buildings
    11. Drain-pipe materials
    12. Joints used on drain-pipes
    13. Anti-flood devices
    14. Garage drainage
    15. Drainage pumping
    16. Subsoil drainage
    17. Tests on drains
    18. Soakaways
    19. Cesspools and septic tanks
    20. Drainage fields and mounds
    21. Rainwater management
    22. Drainage design
    23. Drainage design formulae
    24. Waste and refuse processing
  15. Part Nine: Sanitary Fitments and Appliances: Discharge and Waste Systems
    1. Flushing cisterns, troughs and valves
    2. Water closets
    3. Bidets
    4. Showers
    5. Baths
    6. Sinks
    7. Wash basins and troughs
    8. Unplugged appliances
    9. Thermostatic temperature control
    10. Urinals
    11. Hospital sanitary appliances
    12. Sanitary conveniences
    13. Sanitary conveniences for disabled people
    14. Traps and waste valve
    15. Single-stack system and variations
    16. One- and two-pipe systems
    17. Pumped waste system
    18. Wash basins – waste arrangements
    19. Waste pipes from washing machines and dishwashers
    20. Air test
    21. Sanitation – data
    22. Offsets
    23. Ground-floor appliances – high-rise buildings
    24. Fire stops and seals
    25. Flow rates and discharge units
    26. Sanitation design – discharge stack sizing
  16. Part Ten: Gas Installation, Components and Controls
    1. Natural gas – combustion
    2. Mains gas supply and installation
    3. Gas service pipe intake
    4. Meters
    5. Gas controls and safety features
    6. Gas ignition devices
    7. Purging and testing
    8. Gas appliances
    9. Balanced flue appliances
    10. Open flue appliances
    11. Flue blocks
    12. Open flue terminals
    13. Stainless steel flue lining
    14. Shared flues
    15. Fan-assisted gas flues
    16. Ventilation requirements
    17. Combusted gas analysis
    18. Gas laws
    19. Gas consumption
    20. Gas pipe and flue sizing
  17. Part Eleven: Electrical Supply and Installations
    1. Three-phase generation and supply
    2. Electricity distribution
    3. Electricity intake to a building
    4. Earthing systems and bonding
    5. Consumer unit
    6. Power and lighting circuits
    7. Overload protection
    8. Insulated cable
    9. Testing completed installation
    10. Cable rating
    11. Diversity
    12. Industrial installations
    13. Electric space heating
    14. Controls for electric night storage space heaters
    15. Construction site electricity
    16. Light sources, lamps and luminaires
    17. Lighting controls
    18. Extra-low-voltage lighting
    19. Lighting design
    20. Daylighting
    21. Telecommunications installation
  18. Part Twelve: Mechanical Conveyors – Lifts, Escalators and Travelators
    1. Planning lift installations
    2. Roping systems for electric lifts
    3. Controls
    4. Lift doors
    5. Lift machine room and equipment
    6. Lift safety features
    7. Installation details
    8. Typical single lift dimensions
    9. Paternoster lifts
    10. Oil-hydraulic lifts
    11. Lift performance
    12. Estimating the number of lifts required
    13. Firefighting lifts
    14. Vertical transportation for the disabled
    15. Builders’ and electricians’ work
    16. Escalators
    17. Travelators
    18. Stair lifts
  19. Part Thirteen: Fire Prevention and Control Services
    1. Sprinklers
    2. Drenchers
    3. Hose reel installations
    4. Hydrants
    5. Foam installations
    6. Gas extinguishers
    7. Fire alarms
    8. Smoke, fire and heat detectors
    9. Fire detection electrical circuits
    10. Fire prevention in ventilating systems
    11. Fire dampers in ductwork
    12. Pressurisation of escape routes
    13. Smoke extraction, ventilation and control
    14. Portable fire extinguishers
    15. Carbon monoxide detectors
  20. Part Fourteen: Security Installations
    1. Physical security
    2. Intruder alarms
    3. Micro-switch and magnetic reed
    4. Radio sensor, pressure mat and taut wiring
    5. Acoustic, vibration and inertia detectors
    6. Ultrasonic and microwave detectors
    7. Active infra-red detector
    8. Passive infra-red detector
    9. Lightning protection systems
  21. Part Fifteen: Accommodation for Building Services
    1. Underground utilities
    2. Ducts for engineering services
    3. Notching and holing joists
    4. Floor and skirting ducts
    5. Medium and large vertical ducts
    6. Medium and large horizontal ducts
    7. Subways or walkways
    8. Penetration of fire structure by pipes
    9. Raised access floors
    10. Suspended and false ceilings
  22. Part Sixteen: Alternative and Renewable Energy
    1. Energy production
    2. Alternative energy
    3. Renewable energy
    4. Anaerobic digestion
    5. Biogas
    6. Wind power
    7. Wind power and fuel cells
    8. Water power
    9. Geothermal power
    10. Micro-combined heat and power
    11. Solar power
    12. Photovoltaic systems
    13. Biomass or biofuel
    14. Underground coal gasification
    15. Carbon capture and storage
    16. Hydraulic fracturing
  23. Part Seventeen: Appendices
    1. Appendix 1 – Glossary of common abbreviations
    2. Appendix 2 – Abbreviations for pipework
    3. Appendix 3 – Abbreviations for pipework components
    4. Appendix 4 – Abbreviations used for drainage systems
    5. Appendix 5 – Abbreviations used for sanitation systems
    6. Appendix 6 – Graphical symbols for pipework
    7. Appendix 7 – Identification of pipework
    8. Appendix 8 – Graphical symbols for electrical installation work
    9. Appendix 9 – Metric units
    10. Appendix 10 – Water pressure and head – Comparison of units
    11. Appendix 11 – Conversion of common imperial units to metric
  24. Index