In this section, we’ll learn the basic Java techniques required to exchange XML data:
Over the Web in real time, by posting an XML message over HTTP to another server and immediately receiving an XML-based response
Asynchronously between processes, by enqueuing XML messages into and dequeuing them out of Oracle AQ queues
These two important tasks are fundamental to the implementation of web services, the business-to-business interchange of information using XML message formats and the HTTP protocol.
As we saw in Chapter 1, the general approach for moving information of any kind around the Web involves the exchange via requests and responses of text or binary resources over the HTTP protocol. A requester requests information by using its Uniform Resource Locator (URL) and a server handling requests for that URL responds appropriately, delivering the requested information or returning an error. HTTP’s request/response paradigm supports including a resource with the request as well as receiving a resource back in the response, so it’s a two-way street for information exchange.
Any resources being exchanged between requester and server are
earmarked by a distinguishing MIME type so the receiver can
understand what kind of information it is getting. The registered
MIME type for XML-based information resources is
. Putting it all together, the phrase “posting XML to another server” means precisely this: sending ...