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Building High Availability Windows Server™ 2003 Solutions

Book Description

This is the definitive resource for every network administrator, consultant, and architect who needs to maximize availability, scalability, and performance in Windows server environments.

Drawing on two decades of Windows server experience, Jeffrey Shapiro and Marcin Policht have written the most realistic, comprehensive, and independent Windows high availability guide ever published. One step at, a time, they help you plan, implement, and manage clustering, load balancing, fault tolerance, SQL Server, Exchange Server, and much more. Along the way, they address crucial high availability topics that are virtually ignored by most books, such as disaster recovery, performance monitoring, and operations management.

Shapiro and Policht offer a clear, concise roadmap for keeping Windows servers running 24x7 and delivering on even the most challenging service-level agreements. They provide real-world case studies and easy-to-use instructions designed to help readers make better decisions more rapidly.

Coverage includes

  • Building the foundations for a highly available Active Directory and network architecture

  • Selecting and integrating high-performance hardware, storage, and networks

  • Installing and configuring Windows Clustering Services for both scale-out and failover

  • Leveraging the Microsoft Operations Framework (MOF) and Microsoft Systems Architecture (MSA)

  • Delivering high-performance, high availability file- and print-server solutions

  • Using clustering to maximize SQL Server and Exchange Server availability

  • Restoring failed servers: best practices and step-by-step techniques for recovering from downtime or disaster

  • Deploying Network Load Balancing (NLB) IIS and application servers

  • Administering Windows Server 2003 high-performance systems—including performance monitoring and alerts with Microsoft Operations Manager

  • Avoiding the pitfalls associated with Windows high availability solutions

© Copyright Pearson Education. All rights reserved.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
    1. Dedication
  2. Microsoft Windows Server System Series
    1. Titles in The Series
  3. Acknowledgments
  4. About the Authors
  5. Preface
  6. I. High-Performance Windows Computing
    1. 1. The World of High-Performance, High Availability Windows Computing
      1. Introduction
      2. Service Level
      3. Availability
      4. High Availability, Downtime, and Failure
        1. Scale-Out Availability and Windows Server 2003
        2. Clustering
        3. Scale-Up Availability
        4. Scale-Out or Scale-Up?
        5. Share Everything Versus Share Nothing
      5. High-Performance Computing
        1. The Need for High-Performance Computing
        2. High-Performance Computing for Everyone
        3. Supercomputers in Every Closet
        4. Processing and Memory
        5. High-Performance Components
        6. Microsoft and the Cornell Theory Center
      6. Time-Out
    2. 2. Choosing High-Performance Hardware
      1. Introduction
      2. Standards, Vendors, and Common Sense
        1. Vendors
        2. Common Sense
      3. Choosing the CPU
      4. Memory
        1. DRAM
        2. DRAM with EDO
        3. Synchronous DRAM
        4. Direct Rambus DRAM (RDRAM)
      5. Time-Out
    3. 3. Storage for Highly Available Systems
      1. Introduction
      2. Redundancy and Availability of Storage
      3. RAID Refresher
        1. RAID 1
        2. RAID 5
        3. RAID 10
        4. RAID Controllers
      4. Server Attached Storage Solutions
      5. Network Attached Storage Solutions (NAS)
      6. Storage Area Networks (SAN)
      7. IP-Based Storage Solutions
      8. Time-Out
    4. 4. Highly Available Networks
      1. Introduction
      2. Backbone Design for High Availability
      3. Bandwidth Field Notes
        1. Ethernet
        2. What to Look for in Network Interface Cards
        3. Hubs, Switches, and Routers
        4. Layer 2 Switches
        5. Layer 3, Layer 4, and Beyond
        6. Routers and Routing in High Availability Architecture
        7. Using Hubs for Failover Interconnects
      4. SAN Topology Primer
        1. Fibre Channel
        2. SAN Topology
        3. Ports
        4. Point-to-Point Topology
        5. FC-AL
        6. Fabric
        7. Zoning
      5. Architecting SAN Topology for High Availability
      6. Time-Out
    5. 5. Preparing the Platform for a High-Performance Network
      1. Introduction
      2. Architecting Primer
        1. Create a Design Plan
        2. Design Goals
        3. Design Components
        4. Design Decisions
        5. Design Implications
      3. Active Directory Services, Logical Architecture
      4. Forest Plan for Highly Available Systems
        1. Single Global Catalog
      5. Domain Namespace
        1. External DNS Domain Name
        2. Domain Controllers (DCs)
        3. Multi-Master Operations (Global Catalogs)
        4. Single Master Operations (FSMO Roles)
        5. Schema Master
        6. Domain Naming Master
        7. RID (Relative Identifier) Master
        8. Primary Domain Controller Emulator
        9. Infrastructure Master
        10. Miscellaneous Roles for Domain Controllers
        11. Preferred Group Policy Administration Domain Controller (GPDC)
        12. Time Service
        13. Organizational Units
        14. Group Policy Backgrounder
        15. Password Policy
        16. Event Log
        17. Group Policy Objects for Cluster Servers
      6. Active Directory Physical Architecture
        1. Subnets
        2. Site Links
        3. Cost
        4. Replication Schedule and Notification
        5. Transports
        6. Connection Objects
        7. Site Link Bridge
        8. Site Layout and Topology
      7. AD Integrated DDNS (Dynamic DNS)
        1. DNS Architecture
        2. Hub Sites
        3. Administration of DNS Servers
        4. DDNS Configuration
      8. WINS
        1. Hub Sites
        2. Administration of WINS Servers
      9. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
        1. DHCP Architecture
        2. DHCP Parameters
        3. Scope Details
      10. Naming Conventions
      11. Time-Out
    6. 6. Building the Foundations for a Highly Available Architecture
      1. Introduction
      2. Windows Clustering 101
        1. The Cluster Model
          1. Single Node
          2. Single Quorum Cluster
          3. Majority Node Set
        2. The Quorum Resource
        3. Deployment Scenarios
      3. Forest Creation Process
        1. Installation of Support Server
      4. Installation
      5. Installation of Root Domain
        1. Process
      6. Quality Assurance
      7. Forest Preparation, DNS, and Exchange
      8. Installation of Bridgehead Servers and the Child Domain
      9. Installing DHCP and WINS Services
      10. Patching and Updating Domain Controllers
      11. Exchange Domain Preparation
      12. Creation of Initial Service and Administration Resources
      13. Clustering
        1. Create Shared Disk Resources
        2. Prepare the Cluster Network
        3. Start Server Cluster Wizard
        4. Troubleshooting
      14. Time-Out
  7. II. Building High Availability Windows Server 2003 Solutions
    1. 7. High-Performance Print-Server Solutions
      1. Introduction
      2. Design Specifications
      3. Installation
        1. Install Spooler Resources
      4. Time-Out
    2. 8. High-Performance File-Server Solutions
      1. Introduction
      2. Scale-Out Versus Scale-Up with File Servers
      3. Design
        1. Develop Lab Systems
        2. Configure Hardware
        3. Configure 2-Node Cluster Services
        4. Deploy Standard File System Configuration
        5. Define and Implement Backup/Restore Procedures
        6. Create a File Server Security Plan
        7. Configure Root of a Domain DFS
        8. Set Up File Server Administration Tools
        9. Define and Implement File Server Antivirus Strategy
        10. General Configuration
        11. Configuration for File Server Clusters
      4. Installation
        1. Standard File Share
        2. Share or Hide Subdirectories
        3. Installing the File Share Resource
      5. High Availability Using Replication and Domain DFS
      6. Time-Out
    3. 9. High Availability, High-Performance SQL Server Solutions
      1. Introduction
      2. Scale-Out Versus Scale-Up with Microsoft SQL Server
      3. Design
      4. Failover for SQL Server
      5. SQL Server Cluster Design Specs
        1. Documenting the Dependencies
        2. Understanding SQL Server Active/Passive Configurations
        3. Active/Active Configurations and Multiple Instances
        4. N+1 Configurations
        5. Physical Disks
        6. Memory
        7. Local Disks
        8. Standby Services—Advantages and Disadvantages
      6. Clustering SQL Server
      7. High Availability, High-Performance Notes
        1. Storage Notes
        2. Failover Resources
        3. Enterprise Manager
        4. Transactions and Logs
      8. Configuration and Planning
      9. The Role of Replication
      10. Disaster Recovery
      11. HA for Analysis Services (OLAP)
        1. Clustering Analysis Services
        2. Create Domain OLAP Administrators Group
        3. Clustering SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services Troubleshooting and Best Practices
      12. Troubleshooting, Maintenance, and Best Practices
        1. Fragmentation
        2. Operating System Level-Backup Utilities
        3. Anti-Virus Software
        4. Windows Updates
        5. MBSA
      13. Time-Out
    4. 10. High Availability, High-Performance Exchange
      1. Introduction
      2. Scale-Out Versus Scale-Up with Microsoft Exchange
      3. Design
        1. Storage Group Architecture
          1. Exchange Store Considerations
        2. Transaction Log Files
        3. SMTP Queue Directory
      4. Exchange Permissions in the Clustering Architecture
      5. Getting Started with Exchange 2003 Clustering
        1. Installing Exchange on the Cluster Nodes
        2. The Exchange Virtual Server
        3. Cluster Groups
        4. Cluster Configurations
          1. Active/Passive Clustering
          2. Exchange Failover
        5. IP Addresses and Network Names
        6. Creating the MSDTC Group
        7. Creating the EVS
        8. Creating an Exchange 2003 System Attendant Resource
        9. Configuring a Clustered Back-End Server
      6. Time-Out
    5. 11. Load Balancing
      1. Introduction
      2. Scale-Out Revisited
      3. Fault Tolerance and High Availability of NLB
      4. Load Balancing for High Performance
        1. Sharing Server Load
        2. Virtual Servers
        3. What Cannot Be Scaled
        4. Selecting NLB Clustering Candidates
      5. Network Load Balancing Architecture
      6. Designing the NLB Cluster
        1. Design Specifications
        2. Port Rules
        3. Setup and Configuration of the NLB Cluster
        4. Example NLB Cluster: IIS
        5. Example NLB Cluster: Terminal Services
        6. Load Balancing and COM Application Servers
        7. Multi-Tiered Server Farms
      7. NLB Cluster Management
        1. Administering the NLB Cluster
        2. Troubleshooting
        3. Disaster Recovery
      8. Time-Out
    6. 12. Internet Information Server
      1. Introduction
      2. IIS 6.0 and the Dedicated Web Server
      3. Scale-Out Versus Scale-Up IIS
        1. Round Robin DNS
        2. Load Balancing
      4. NLB for IIS
      5. Planning and Configuration
        1. IIS Storage
        2. FTP Service
      6. Troubleshooting
      7. Maintaining the IIS Server Cluster
      8. Disaster Recovery
      9. Best Practices
      10. Time-Out
    7. 13. Looking for Trouble: Setting up Performance Monitoring and Alerts
      1. Introduction
      2. Understanding the Windows Server 2003 Monitoring Systems
        1. Event Viewer
        2. Exploring System and Performance Monitoring Objects
        3. Rate and Throughput
        4. Understanding the Work Queue
        5. Response Time
        6. How Performance Objects Work
        7. System Monitoring Tools
        8. Working with the Performance Console and the System Monitor
          1. System Monitor
        9. How to Use System Monitor
        10. Performance Logs and Alerts
        11. Using Logs and Alerts
        12. Monitoring the Servers
        13. Monitoring for Bottlenecks
        14. Understanding Your Server’s Workload
        15. Performance Monitoring Tips
      3. Microsoft Operations Manager
      4. MOM Rapid Fire Deployment
        1. Verifying Software and Hardware Requirements
        2. MOM Service Accounts
        3. MOM Database Sizing
        4. Design
        5. SQL Server Notes
        6. Installing MOM Databases
        7. Installing the First Management Server
        8. Installing the MOM Administrator and MOM Operator Consoles
        9. Discovering Computers and Deploying Agents
        10. Agent Failover
        11. Installing System Center 2005 Reporting
        12. Importing MOM 2005 Management Packs
        13. Management Pack Management
      5. Time-Out